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Proctor and Lynch 1994, p. 247 Avian Nervous Systems Peripheral (PNS), Central (CNS), Autonomic (ANS)

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Presentation on theme: "Proctor and Lynch 1994, p. 247 Avian Nervous Systems Peripheral (PNS), Central (CNS), Autonomic (ANS)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Proctor and Lynch 1994, p. 247 Avian Nervous Systems Peripheral (PNS), Central (CNS), Autonomic (ANS)

2 1 A) NEURON

3 3 Neuron Junctions: I)Synapse II)Neurotransmitters

4 Types of Neurons: 4 Interneurons, Sensory Neurons, Motor Neurons

5 Simple Reflex 5

6 Complex Reflex Fig in Podulka et al. 2004

7 Peripheral Nervous System Central Nervous System Autonomic Nervous System Cell Body Dendrite Axon Myelin Sheath Axon Terminal Synapse Neurotransmitter NEURON TERMINOLOGY Sensory Neuron Motor Neuron Interneuron Simple Reflex Complex Reflex

8 CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS)

9 CNS: Tracts and Nuclei (White Matter and Gray Matter)

10 CNS: Neuroglia

11 CNS: Meninges Dura, Arachnoid, Pia

12 CNS: Brain Fig in Podulka et al b) c)

13 CNS: Brain Structure

14 CNS: Forebrain Fig in Podulka et al Memory Learning Smell Olfactory Lobe, Cerebral Hemispheres, Hypothalamus, Pituitary Gland

15 8 9

16 CNS: Midbrain Vision Hearing Optic Lobes, Optic Tracts

17 CNS: Cerebellum, Medulla Oblongata Equilibrium Posture Motor Control (i.e., Flight) Breathing Heart Rate Blood Pressure

18 Fig in Podulka et al CNS: Vertebrate Brain Comparison

19 CNS: Spinal Cord Fig in Podulka et al. 2004

20 PNS: Cervical and Lumbosacral Enlargements Rhomboid Sinus, Glycogen Body

21 CNS TERMINOLOGY Brain Spinal Cord Tracts (White Matter) Nuclei (Gray Matter) Neuroglia Meninges Dura Arachnoid Pia Forebrain Cerebral Lobes Olfactory Lobe Midbrain Cerebellum Medulla Oblongata Cervical Enlargement Lumbosacral Enlargment Rhomboid Sinus Glycogen Body

22 PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (PNS)

23 PNS: Nerves Nerve Fibers, Fascicles, Nerves

24 PNS: Ganglia

25 PNS: Cranial Nerves (12 Pairs)

26 Proctor and Lynch 1993, p. 247 PNS: Spinal Nerves I (39-51 Pairs)

27 PNS: Spinal Nerves II (Dorsal and Ventral Spinal Nerves) (Dorsal Sensory Nerve, Dorsal Root Ganglia, Ventral Motor Nerve) Dorsal Root Ganglia

28 Fig in Podulka et al PNS: Brachial Plexus, Lumbosacral Plexus

29 Nerve Fascicle Nerve Fiber Ganglia Cranial Nerve (12 pairs) Spinal Nerve (variable number: pairs) Brachial Plexus Lumbosacral Plexus PNS Terminology

30 AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM (ANS) p. 249 in Proctor and Lynch 1993

31 ANS: Sympathetic System (Thoracic and Lumbar Regions) Fig in Podulka et al Conspicuous Ganglia

32 AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM (ANS) (Sympathetic Trunk) p. 249 in Proctor and Lynch 1993

33 ANS: Parasympathetic System (Cranial and Sacral Regions) Fig in Podulka et al Inconspicuous Ganglia

34 ANS Terminology Two Neuron Chains Sympathetic Nervous System Sympathetic Ganglia Sympathetic Trunk “Fight or Flight” Response Parasympathetic Nervous System Parasympathetic Ganglia Relaxation Response

35 image005.jpg

36 C45E0D3B_1.jpg feed%20copy.JPG

37 _exposed_by_author_sml.png chicks/pigeon-pictures-breeders-chicks/pictures/pigeon-0021.jpg Wilson's%20warbler.jpg

38

39 51


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