Presentation on theme: "20 October 2003IFAPER WS 1 Agricultural Development in Cambodia and the IFAPER V. Bruce J. Tolentino Economic Policy Adviser ADB TA 3721-CAM Supreme National."— Presentation transcript:
20 October 2003IFAPER WS 1 Agricultural Development in Cambodia and the IFAPER V. Bruce J. Tolentino Economic Policy Adviser ADB TA 3721-CAM Supreme National Economic Council (SNEC) Office of the Prime Minister, Cambodia
20 October 2003IFAPER WS 2 What does IFAPER say re Cambodia’s agri sector performance? (1) Policy and Planning ExpenditureOutput/ Outcome Ag- ri- cul- tur e Though NPRS makes progress in sector planning, sector lacks coherent pro- poor policy framework linked to budget. Sector is under- funded. Shift from wage spending to research has reduced allocative efficiency. Sector spending not targeted to poor, regional depts. are resource-deprived. Low levels of funding & inefficiency of spending constrain both broad-based econ growth, poverty reduction. Lack of sector monitoring makes impact evaluation difficult.
20 October 2003IFAPER WS 3 What does IFAPER say re Cambodia’s agri sector performance? (2) IFAPER’s take is generally negative. Summary assessment is quite sweeping. Does not provide much in concrete recommendations on actions and policies.
20 October 2003IFAPER WS 4 IFAPER does support RGC that agri sector dev’t crucial to growth, poverty reduction Agri forms base of economy and employment. Agri productivity & growth ensures food security, moderates wages, creates jobs & supports non-agri competitiveness. Non-traditional agri products have good export potential.
20 October 2003IFAPER WS 5 Crucial Challenge: PRIORITIES & FOCUS! Out of all the many tasks, functions and duties of RGC, MAFF & MOWRAM, now & continuously, what are the essential services, interventions & expenditures to ensure sustained agri growth and productivity?
20 October 2003IFAPER WS 6 Key lessons from international experience: The essential elements: 1. Farmers, fisherfolk, traders allowed to freely respond to market signals with minimal gov’t intervention. 2. Gov’t focus on crucial public goods in key geographical areas: peace, irrigation, roads, ports, production technology, liberal trade and macro policy. 3. Secure property rights.
20 October 2003IFAPER WS 7 Implications of lessons 1. Must focus on key geographic area(s). 2. Key MAFF task: production technology and extension. 3. Key MOWRAM task: irrigation (esp. farmer-owned), flood control. 4. RGC role: peace & good governance, investments in key agri roads, ports & overall market-oriented, liberal economic policy.
20 October 2003IFAPER WS 8 Recent initiatives along correct lines: Agri Sector Devt Program: focus on extension, agri SMEs, land mgmt, privatization of rubber firms, KAMFIMEX, AIC. Focus on Tonle Sap zone and fisheries R&D. Continuing investments in roads, ports that support agribusiness.