Reconciling Trade Liberalisation with Human Security Goals. By: Anagha Joshi.
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Presentation on theme: "Reconciling Trade Liberalisation with Human Security Goals. By: Anagha Joshi."— Presentation transcript:
Reconciling Trade Liberalisation with Human Security Goals. By: Anagha Joshi
3 pillars: market access, export subsidies and domestic support. Two key impacts on food security: (1) increases rural poverty and inequality, (2) limits the range of available measures to promote food security.
increase in food imports and decline in food production greater focus on export production and cash crops rather than sustenance farming increased rural unemployment and poverty Landholdings concentrated in one group, with small farmers loosing title to their lands food insecurity greatly increased.
Effects of trade liberalisation policies: - loss of employment in rural communities - fish prices unaffordable for local communities - decline in quantity and quality of fish for local consumption - lack of access and control of the fishery by local communities (control shifted to urban enterprises). Result has been a gross food insecurity crisis.
Strategies: - invest in market driven agriculture - increase economic growth through industrial development - strengthen the private sector as the driver of economic growth and promote transnational investment - engage large sectors of the population in the productive sector.