Presentation on theme: "Invasion of Britian on Celts AD 449 Anglo-Saxon Invasion of Britian Angles, Saxons, Jutes, and other Germanic tribes Seafaring warriors."— Presentation transcript:
Invasion of Britian on Celts AD 449
Anglo-Saxon Invasion of Britian Angles, Saxons, Jutes, and other Germanic tribes Seafaring warriors
Vengeance and Bloodshed
Anglo-Saxon Settlement of Britian
Christianity and Anglo- Saxon culture co-exist The Spread of Christianity Christian monks settle in Britain British pagan religions replaced by Christianity Around A.D. 400 By A.D. 699
The Danish Invasion Due to rising population and limited farmland, many Scandinavians (the Norse and the Danes) took to the seas—the Vikings. In 800, Danish raiders attacked Britain. The Norse settled in Northumbria, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland. The Danes targeted eastern and southern England.
Viking Raids Sacked and plundered monasteries Stole sacred religious objects Burned entire communities Murdered villagers Halted the growth of learning By the middle of the ninth century, most of England had fallen. The Vikings called their territory Danelaw.
Restored Viking Vessels
King Alfred the Great unifies Anglo- Saxons against the Danes. A.D. 878
William of Normandy crosses the English Channel The Norman Invasion The Norman Invasion, Bayeux Tapestry French replaces English as the language of the ruling class 1066 William defeats Anglo-Saxon army
Living Quarters—Mead Halls A reconstructed Anglo-Saxon home located in West Stow in Sussex, England Mead Hall center of life sleeping quarters dining area meeting place
The Scops The communal hall offered shelter and a place for council meetings. The communal hall was also a place for storytellers or bards (scops) who shared (orally) the stories of the Anglo-Saxons and their gods and heroes. The Anglo-Saxons valued storytelling as equal to fighting, hunting, and farming. A line of Anglo-Saxon or Old English poetry is characterized by four main stresses and is divided in half by a pause ( caesura [si-zhoor-uh]).
Cemetery located in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England Discovered in 1939 Burial ship of an Anglo-Saxon king Burial site contained 41 items of solid gold and 37 gold coins Sutton Hoo
7 th century helmet Reconstructed from hundreds of corroded iron fragments
Characteristics of the Anglo-Saxons Hard fighters and bold sea warriors Admired physical strength, bravery, loyalty, fairness, and honesty Great love of personal freedom Boastful, reckless, cruel, and bloodthirsty Enjoyed conflict, swimming matches, horse races, banqueting, drinking mead, singing songs, and storytelling Also flyting, a conflict of wits between two warriors where each praises his own deeds and belittles the other’s
Anglo-Saxon Beliefs Pagan, polytheistic Very pessimistic view of life (due to the ever-present dangers of death by accident or warfare) Human life in the hands of fate (wyrd) Did not believe in an afterlife Immortality only earned through heroic actions Sharp contrast to the Christian belief in an individual’s free will
Anglo-Saxon Beliefs (con’t) The early Anglo-Saxons worshipped ancient Germanic or Norse gods: Odin/Woden: chief of the gods, god of death, poetry, and magic Fria: Woden’s wife and goddess of the home Tiu: the god of war and the sky Thunor/Thor: god of thunder and lightening Frijz/Frigga: queen of the heavens The names of these gods survive today in our words Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday The dragon: personification of evil and death and the protector of treasure (the grave mound); also associated with the Vikings
Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms Map from C. Warren Hollister, The Making of England, p. 64
Video: English~A Living Language & Anglo-Saxon Riddles
The Beowulf Legend Beowulf is an epic, a long, heroic poem, about a great pagan warrior renowned for his courage, strength, and dignity. Story isn’t about the English—it’s about the Danes and the Geats. So what’s it doing in England? Beowulf is the national epic of England, because it is was the first such work composed in the English language. The poem presents the values of a warrior society, dignity, bravery, and prowess in battle.
Anglo-Saxon pendant probably made in the 7th century AD found in garden soil at Sacriston, County Durham. made of solid gold with a goldwire or filigree decoration. Anglo-Saxon Brooch
Additional Anglo-Saxon Artifacts
King Offa’s Dyke approximately 170 miles long running north and south continuous wall except for river crossings built in the late 8 th century
Earth Embankment No fancy stonework No garrisoned posts 12 foot wide ditch on Welsh side Height ranges from 10 to 60 feet Construction
Monument to Power Perhaps this dyke was a defense against raiders from Wales. Perhaps it served as a permanent boundary between Mercia and Wales. Perhaps it was a boundary monument to remind the Welsh of King Offa’s power and control.
Anglo-Saxon Cross Shaft Location: St. Peter Advincula Church, Glebe Street, Stoke Re-erected on its modern base in 1935, the fragment of 10th Century Anglo-Saxon stone cross shaft had been used as a door lintel in the church until its discovery by a gravedigger in The square sectioned top of the cylindrical shaft has a different decorative motif on each face. However part of the side key pattern has been cut away, probably to allow its use as the church's door lintel.S
Acknowledgements Anglo-Saxon England. 27 June Regia-Angloplum. “Arms and Armour-Part 8-Shields.” 27 June Map of Gradual Takeover of England by Anglo-Saxons. 27 June Durnham County Council. 27 June archaeology+Time+Line+Mediaeval+Period. +archaeology+Time+Line+Mediaeval+Period The British Museum: Education Department. 27 June King Arthur and the Anglo-Saxon Wars. 27 June The Arador Library. 28 June The Potteries Museum: Art Gallery. 27 June sites_to_visit/pages/st_peters.htm. sites_to_visit/pages/st_peters.htm Pfordresher, John, Gladys V. Veidemanis, and Helen McDonnell, eds. England in Literature. Glenview: Scott, Foresman, 1989.