12 King Offa’s Dyke approximately 170 miles long running north and south continuous wall except for river crossingsbuilt in the late 8th century
13 Construction Earth Embankment No fancy stonework No garrisoned posts 12 foot wide ditch on Welsh sideHeight ranges from 10 to 60 feet
14 Monument to PowerPerhaps this dyke was a defense against raiders from Wales.Perhaps it served as a permanent boundary between Mercia and Wales.Perhaps it was a boundary monument to remind the Welsh of King Offa’s power and control.
15 Anglo-Saxon Cross Shaft Location: St. Peter Advincula Church, Glebe Street, StokeRe-erected on its modern base in 1935, the fragment of 10th Century Anglo-Saxon stone cross shaft had been used as a door lintel in the church until its discovery by a gravedigger in 1876.The square sectioned top of the cylindrical shaft has a different decorative motif on each face. However part of the side key pattern has been cut away, probably to allow its use as the church's door lintel.S
16 AcknowledgementsAnglo-Saxon England. 27 June 2004 <http://www.gettysburg.edu/academics/english/britain/anglo-saxon/anglo_home.html>.Regia-Angloplum. “Arms and Armour-Part 8-Shields.” 27 June 2004Map of Gradual Takeover of England by Anglo-Saxons. 27 June 2004Durnham County Council. 27 JuneThe British Museum: Education Department. 27 JuneKing Arthur and the Anglo-Saxon Wars. 27 JuneThe Arador Library. 28 JuneThe Potteries Museum: Art Gallery. 27 June 2004Pfordresher, John, Gladys V. Veidemanis, and Helen McDonnell, eds. England in Literature. Glenview: Scott, Foresman, 1989.