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The Anglo-Saxons: 449–1066 Introduction to the Literary Period Interactive Time Line Milestone: The Celts in Britain Milestone: The Roman Occupation Milestone:

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Presentation on theme: "The Anglo-Saxons: 449–1066 Introduction to the Literary Period Interactive Time Line Milestone: The Celts in Britain Milestone: The Roman Occupation Milestone:"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Anglo-Saxons: 449–1066 Introduction to the Literary Period Interactive Time Line Milestone: The Celts in Britain Milestone: The Roman Occupation Milestone: The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Milestone: King Alfred against the Danes Milestone: The Spread of Christianity Milestone: The Norman Invasion What Have You Learned? Feature Menu

2 The Anglo-Saxons: 449– s B.C. Celts in Britain 55 B.C–A.D.409 Roman Occupation A.D. 449 Anglo-Saxon Invasion A.D. 400–699 Spread of Christianity A.D Norman Invasion A.D.878 King Alfred against the Danes Choose a link on the time line to go to a milestone. A.D. 600 A.D. 300 A.D B.C. A.D. 900 A.D. 1200

3 The Celts in Britain Celtic religion a form of animism Before and during the 4th century B.C. Stonehenge Druids were Celtic priests Britain named for one Celtic tribethe Brythons Britain home to several Celtic tribes

4 Stonehenge Archaeologists believe it was built anywhere from 3000 BC to 2000 BC

5 The Roman Occupation 55 B.C. Hadrians Wall – North England Romans evacuate their troops Central government breaks down Julius Caesar invades Britain Celts defeated by Claudius A.D. 43 Romans build walls, villas, baths, roads Roman ruins Britain left vulnerable to attack A.D. 409

6 The Anglo-Saxon Invasion A.D. 449 The Anglo-Saxons push the Celts into the far west of the country. Angles Saxons Jutes Celts

7 The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Angles Saxons Jutes Celts Why did the Anglo-Saxons settle in England? England was inviting to outsiders: Mild climate Rich easily-tilled soil Safe anchorage for invading ships

8 The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Anglo-Saxon Society kinship groups led by strong warrior chief people farmed, established local governments, produced fine craftwork English emerged as a written language

9 The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Angles Saxons Jutes Celts Tribal society –warrior kings-led their men into battle Always rival warriors within the tribe King gathered around him a retinue of fighting men called thanes Endless feuds between individuals and between tribes

10 The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Angles Saxons Jutes Celts Royal living quarters were a small cluster of wooden buildings surrounded by a stockade Main structure was the Mead hall Mead is a fermented drink made of water, honey, malt, and yeast

11 The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Angles Saxons Jutes Celts Here the king, thanes, wives, and servants gathered. Singer called a scop entertained with stories of heroism. Warriors slept here after king retired to a different building.

12 Anglo Saxon values Gold/treasure Comitatus – king and thanes/warriors tied to one another King shares spoils of war, warriors obligated to fight for him Loyalty Bravery Fate = Wyrd

13 Mead hall

14 Page from Anglo-Saxon Chronicle The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Old English

15 Exeter book A tenth-century book or codex which is an anthology of Anglo-Saxon poetry. Survived in Exeter Cathedral library Among the other texts in the Exeter Book, there are over ninety riddles.

16 The Anglo-Saxon religion offered no hope of an afterlife valued earthly virtues of bravery, loyalty, generosity, and friendship similar to what we call Norse mythology ThunorThor WodenOdin Day of weekAnglo-Saxon godNorse god Wednesday Thursday The Anglo-Saxon Invasion

17 Anglo-Saxons did not believe in afterlife warriors gained immortality through songs Why were the scops important? The Anglo-Saxon bards called scops Anglo-Saxon harp strummed harp as they sang sang of heroic deeds were often warriors The Anglo-Saxon Invasion

18 8th–9th centuries Vikings called Danes invade Britain King Alfred against the Danes 878 King Alfred unifies Anglo-Saxons against the Danes. 871 Alfred of Wessex is king of England. England becomes a nation. King Sweyn and his Danish troops arrive in England, from a manuscript (c. 14 th century)

19 Vikings 8 th century Invaded from across the North sea from Denmark and Norway Vikings invaded and took over most of northeast and central England Angles Saxons Jutes Celts

20 Christianity and Anglo-Saxon culture co-exist The Spread of Christianity Christian monks settle in Britain British pagan religions replaced by Christianity Around A.D St. Augustine sent from Rome by A.D. 699

21 William of Normandy crosses the English Channel The Norman Invasion The Norman Invasion, Bayeux Tapestry French replaces English as the language of the ruling class 1066 William defeats Harold and Anglo-Saxon army

22 ______ Viking invaders terrorized England. ______ French became the language of the ruling class. ______ England became unified under Alfred the Great. ______ Animism was the primary religious belief. What Have You Learned? Indicate whether the following statements refer to the time before, during, or after the Anglo-Saxon era. during after during before

23 END

24 Viewing the Art Invasion of the Danes This image is in a manuscript produced by monks. The artist has tried to create an illusion of depth by stacking the objects one upon the other. Activity: Describe what is taking place in this scene. What feeling is expressed on the faces of the men?

25 Painted around 1130, this page relates the life of Saint Edmund, an English king who became a saint.


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