2 1 Which event led to the meeting of the First Continental Congress? the publication of Common Senseb.the “shot heard round the world”c.the closing of the port of Bostond.the rejection of the Olive Branch Petition
4 2 What was the main issue debated during the Second Continental Congress? whether to seek a peaceful or violent solutionb.how to plan a surprise attack against Britainc.how to convert more colonists to the Patriot caused.whether foreign allies would be beneficial
5 a. whether to seek a peaceful or violent solution
6 3 How did King George’s reaction to the Declaration of Rights affect the relationship between Britain and the colonies?a.It assured the colonists that Britain sought a peaceful solution.b.It proved to the colonists that Britain would not listen to reason.c.It convinced the colonists that they were not ready to challenge Britain.d.It reminded the colonists that they were British citizens entitled to rights.
7 b. It proved to the colonists that Britain would not listen to reason.
8 a. Concord b. Lexington c. Bunker Hill d. Cambridge 4 On the night of April 18, 1775, a force of 700 British soldiers left Boston in search of a major colonial weapons storehouse rumored to be located where?a.Concordb.Lexingtonc.Bunker Hilld.Cambridge
10 5 When the Minutemen faced the British Redcoats at the start of the Battle of Lexington, why did their captain yell, “Don’t fire unless fired upona.He wanted to hear the “shot heard round the world.”b.He wanted to defend against attack, not start a war.c.He wanted to reserve ammunition for future conflicts.d.He wanted to lure his enemies peaceably back to Boston.
11 b. He wanted to defend against attack, not start a war.
12 a. Samuel Adams b. Patrick Henry c. James Otis Jr. d. John Adams 6 What member of the Second Continental Congress had defended the soldiers that had been accused of murder as a result of the Boston Massacre?a.Samuel Adamsb.Patrick Henryc.James Otis Jr.d.John Adams
14 7 As George Washington prepared to lead the colonists against the British, Congress attempted to make peace with King George III.b.prepared the troops for a fierce battle.c.invested in a dozen new cannons.d.released 250 British war prisoners.
15 a. attempted to make peace with King George III.
16 8 What effect did Thomas Paine’s pamphlet Common Sense have on colonial leaders? It caused them to reject Enlightenment ideas.b.It inspired them to challenge British authority.c.It explained to them the good sense of monarchy.d.It persuaded them to modify British laws.
17 b. It inspired them to challenge British authority.
18 9 Why did Thomas Paine think that citizens should make laws? He believed that kings were incapable of passing laws.b.He felt people had a natural right to govern themselves.c.Thomas Jefferson and other leaders had influenced him.d.Great Britain had shown this method to be effective.
19 b. He felt people had a natural right to govern themselves.
20 10 Why might the ideas in Thomas Paine’s Common Sense have been considered bold at the time? Citizens of other nations had tried and failed to govern themselves.b.Most of the world upheld a free market economy.c.Most of the world was still ruled by monarchs.d.Citizens of other nations had never heard of democracy.
21 c. Most of the world was still ruled by monarchs.
22 11 Why did Thomas Jefferson feel the colonists had the right to break away from Great Britain? Jefferson did not believe in any form of government.b.Great Britain did not protect the rights of the colonists.c.Jefferson did not agree that social contracts should be obeyed.d.Great Britain no longer showed a desire to govern the colonists.
23 b. Great Britain did not protect the rights of the colonists.
24 12 Why was the phrase “taxation without representation” so important to the revolutionary cause? Colonists did not wish to support a government in which they had no voice.b.Great Britain would have ended taxation if colonists had kept the peace.c.Colonists believed that Great Britain should only tax certain items.d.Great Britain only taxed the colonists to force them into war.
25 a. Colonists did not wish to support a government in which they had no voice.
26 13 The Declaration of Independence raised questions about slavery because the colonial leaders did not believe slavery should be legal.b.it ensured that slaves would have to fight in the Revolution.c.it proposed passing laws that would grant rights to slaves.d.its message was not consistent with the practice of slavery.
27 d. its message was not consistent with the practice of slavery.
28 14 Which group felt the colonies did not need independence? a.Loyalistsb.Patriotsc.Minutemend.mercenaries
30 15 Why did thousands of African-American slaves sign on with the British Army? George Washington would not pay them for service to the revolutionary army.b.The British offered freedom to any slave who served in their army.c.British forces were better trained and equipped than American forces.d.British forces pledged to put an end to the institution of slavery in America.
31 b. The British offered freedom to any slave who served in their army
32 16 Before the battle in New Jersey, why did many Patriot leaders favor a defensive war? Their actions could then be justified.b.They could make a quicker retreat.c.Their supplies would last longer.d.They could exhaust the enemy sooner.
34 17 Why was winning the battle in New Jersey so important to George Washington? The one-year contract many of his soldiers were fighting under was due to expire, and he knew soldiers would not reenlist in a losing army.b.The supply of cash Congress had given him was running low, and mercenaries from the German state of Hesse were threatening to flee.c.He had retreated across the Delaware into Pennsylvania, and if he didn’t come through with a victory his political career would be over.d.He had chosen a defensive approach to war, and the fact that he’d suffered severe losses as a result made him look like a poor leader.
35 a. The one-year contract many of his soldiers were fighting under was due to expire, and he knew soldiers would not reenlist in a losing army.
36 18 The Battle of Trenton was different from previous battles because the Patriots emerged victorious.c.took prisoners.b.went on the offensive.d.fought at night.
38 19 Why was the Battle of Saratoga a turning point for the Patriots? The Patriots realized they did not need foreign allies.b.The Patriots saved the army from losing enlisted men.c.The Patriots got a Prussian to train the Continental Army.d.The Patriots gained the support of France and Spain.
39 d. The Patriots gained the support of France and Spain.
40 20 Why was the Marquis de Lafayette interested in the American Revolution? He wanted to turn other nations away from Enlightenment ideas.b.He was interested in obtaining land west of the thirteen colonies.c.He believed in the rights of all nations to govern themselves.d.He had been hired by the Patriots to fight as a mercenary.
41 c. He believed in the rights of all nations to govern themselves.
42 21 How was France’s interest in the revolution important from a financial standpoint? The French tried to repurchase land they had lost in the French and Indian War.b.Once they believed that the Patriots could win the war, the French provided monetary aidc.France would not allow its military to serve without pay.d.France introduced its economic system to the colonists.
43 b. Once they believed that the Patriots could win the war, the French provided monetary aid
44 22 Why was the winter at Valley Forge such a difficult time for the Continental Army? The army lacked protection and supplies.b.The army began to turn against the revolution.c.The army lost several important battles.d.The army refused to drill and train.
46 23 What challenges did the Patriots face at sea? Their naval fleet was old and in disrepair.b.Their sailors were malnourished and many were sick.c.They had too few ships to fight large battles against the British.d.Their sailors were brave but had difficulty following orders.
47 c. They had too few ships to fight large battles against the British.
48 24 What was the importance of the War in the West during the American Revolution? They conquered all of the British forts enabling them to take control of the Ohio and Mississippi Riversb.Though they were not able to take the British strongholds, but they were able to undermine the British support systemc.Their Colonial generals were far superior to the British leaders which enabled them to control all the large cities in the Ohio River Valleyd.The Native Americans in the area all helped the colonists, because they wanted to get the British out hoping that the British colonies would go away with them
49 b. Though they were not able to take the British strongholds, but they were able to undermine the British support system
50 25 Who was nicknamed “the Swamp Fox,” and why? John Paul Jones, because his wiliness in capturing the British warship Serapis reminded his crew of a foxb.George Rogers Clark, because he led wet troops through the Wabash River to victory at the Battle of Vincennesc.George Washington, because his red hair shone like a fox’s coat as he led his men across the Delaware Riverd.Francis Marion, because of his stealth and lightning speed in carrying out guerrilla warfare in the South
51 d. Francis Marion, because of his stealth and lightning speed in carrying out guerrilla warfare in the South
52 26 What was the first event that led to the Patriots’ defeat of the British at Yorktown? George Washington combined his troops with those of the French general, Comte de Rochambeau.b.Charles Cornwallis prepared to attack a small Patriot force led by the Marquis de Lafayette.c.Charles Cornwallis moved his troops in hopes of maintaining communication with the British Navy.d.A French naval fleet approaching from the West Indies seized control of the Chesapeake Bay.
53 . Charles Cornwallis moved his troops in hopes of maintaining communication with the British Navy.
54 27 Which of these explanations does NOT account for why the British set their sights on the South? Fighters in the northern colonies were giving the British unanticipated difficulty.b.Georgia, the Carolinas, and Virginia had large populations of pro-British Loyalists.c.They could use brutal tactics because it would take longer for news to reach the capital.d.Slaves could be turned against the colonists with guns and a promise of freedom.
55 c. They could use brutal tactics because it would take longer for news to reach the capital.
56 28 Which of these was NOT a result of the 1783 Treaty of Paris? Each side would repay debts it owed the otherb.The British would return any enslaved persons they capturedc.Its boundaries would be the Mississippi River on the west, Canada to the north, and Spanish Florida on the southd.Land west of the thirteen colonies was given to France.
57 d. Land west of the thirteen colonies was given to France.
58 29 What was the primary reason why the British entered into peace talks with America after the Battle of Yorktown?a.The British suffered the loss of thousands of soldiers, and knew it would take years to recruit and train that many new men.b.The British had been neglecting its relations with France and decided to change their focus to matters closer to home.c.The British chose to give up the small portion of land making up the 13 colonies and turned their focus to the land in the West.d.The British could afford to spend years on writing an agreeable treaty, but could not afford to spend more money on its army.
59 d. The British could afford to spend years on writing an agreeable treaty, but could not afford to spend more money on its army.
60 30 What was the main reason that the colonists felt Great Britain had no right to tax them? Because they had already paid their fair shareb.Because their tax rate was over 35 percentc.Because they felt it was wrong for them to be taxed, since they were not represented in Parliamentd.Because they had already been charged multiple times for tea, quartering, stamps, etc.
61 c. Because they felt it was wrong for them to be taxed, since they were not represented in Parliament
62 31 Which of the following best describes the Continental Army at the beginning of the American Revolution?a.They were extremely well trained and ready to fightb.They were a poorly trained militia that was going against a professional armyc.They were very rich and spoiledd.They were extremely poor and missed mamas home cooking
63 b. They were a poorly trained militia that was going against a professional army
64 32 What was the main importance of the pamphlet Common Sense? It convinced many colonists that the colonies should declare their independence from Great Britainb.It warned against how incredible the British Army was and that we should reconsider an attack on Great Britainc.It explained the main problems between the colonists and King Henry VIII of Franced.It listed the 27 main items that the colonies had with Spain, Portugal and Malaysia
65 a. It convinced many colonists that the colonies should declare their independence from Great Britain
66 33 Which of the following men primarily wrote the Declaration of Independence? James Madisonb.Thomas Jeffersonc.Samuel Adamsd.George Washington
68 34 What English philosopher believed that people had natural rights and laws and influenced the writing of the Declaration of Independence?a.Bill Lumbergc.Charles Townshendb.John Locked.Benjamin Franklin
72 a. Samuel Adams b. Thomas Paine c. Patrick Henry d. John Hancock 36 Who was the famous member of the Virginia House of Burgesses that once said, “Give me liberty, give me death.”?a.Samuel Adamsb.Thomas Painec.Patrick Henryd.John Hancock
74 37 Who was the Virginian that was serving in the Second Continental Congress and then chosen to be the leader of the Continental Army?a.George Rogers Clarkb.Richard Montgomeryc.George Washingtond.Benedict Arnold
76 a. Samuel Adams b. Patrick Henry c. John Hancock d. Thomas Jefferson 38 Which of the following was the president of the Continental Congress and became the first signer of the Declaration of Independence?a.Samuel Adamsb.Patrick Henryc.John Hancockd.Thomas Jefferson
78 a. Loyalists b. Republicans c. Patriots d. Democrats 39 Which of the following groups of colonists that supported the British, left Boston at the same time that the British troops did?a.Loyalistsb.Republicansc.Patriotsd.Democrats
80 40 What was the name of the colonial militia that resisted British troops at Lexington and Concord and were ready to fight quicklya.the Secondeersb.the Immediatorsc.the Minutemend.the Quick Changers
82 41 What was the central idea of the Declaration of Independence that could NOT be taken away by the government?a.That all people had the right to a job that paid them a fair amount of moneyb.That all people had the right to quality healthcare at a fair costc.That all people had natural rights or unalienable rights such as freedomd.That all people had rights such as no taxes or rules on property
83 c. That all people had natural rights or unalienable rights such as freedom
84 a. Nathan Hale b. Patrick Henry c. Benedict Arnold d. Paul Revere 42 Who became famous because of his participation in a ride through the countryside to warn colonists about British troop movements?a.Nathan Haleb.Patrick Henryc.Benedict Arnoldd.Paul Revere
88 44 Who was the 19-year-old French noble who served in the Patriot army and convinced his father, the king, to send 6000 more troops to Americaa.Marquis de Lafayetteb.Spencer Shayc.Baron von Steubend.Sir Walter Raleigh
90 45 What were two reasons that the British decides to invade the South after the Battles of Saratoga? They knew the South had a smaller population and thought battles would be easier to win and their would be more food for the British soldiers to eatb.They had not been able to win battles in the Northern colonies or stay in control of those areas they had taken and they knew that there were loyalists in the South and believed that they would help the British in the fightc.They believed that the Southern slaves would raise up and defeat the Patriots because of slavery and that the climate during the winter would be better in the Southern coloniesd.They felt that since it was spread out, the British soldiers would find it easier to take over farms than big cities and that the British style of fighting was more suited for fighting in the open countryside than around the big cities of the North
91 b. They had not been able to win battles in the Northern colonies or stay in control of those areas they had taken and they knew that there were loyalists in the South and believed that they would help the British in the fight
92 46 How did the geography of America help the Patriots win the American Revolution? It was too large of an area for the British army to conquer and controlb.It had too many hills and mountains and made it impossible for the British to move their troops effectivelyc.The rivers were too narrow and did not allow the British navy to navigate the rivers and help win battlesd.The boundaries of the states were physical borders that kept the British army from being able to cross them without permission from the colonies
93 a. It was too large of an area for the British army to conquer and control
94 a. Hugo Chavez b. Juan Peron c. Fidel Castro d. Bernardo de Galvez 47 Who was the governor of Spanish Louisiana that helped the Patriots by capturing British strongholds in the lower Mississippi River?a.Hugo Chavezb.Juan Peronc.Fidel Castrod.Bernardo de Galvez
106 The English Bill of Rights c. The Declaration of Rights d. 53 What document did the First Continental Congress send to King George III that consisted of 10 resolutions that included the right to “life, liberty and property”?a.The Bill of Rightsb.The English Bill of Rightsc.The Declaration of Rightsd.The Colonial Statement of Rights
108 54 What was the battle that George Washington won after he rowed across the Delaware River on the evening of December 25, 1776?a.Battle of Saratogab.Battle of Yorktownc.Battle of Charlestond.Battle of Trenton
110 Elizabeth Cady Stanton 55 Which of the following women was called “Molly Pitcher”, because she delivered water to the troops in the battlefield?a.Abigail Adamsb.Ashley Juddc.Mary Ludwig Haysd.Elizabeth Cady Stanton
112 a. Nathaniel Greene b. Ethan Allen c. Nathan Hale d. Bobby Knight 56 Who was the Continental Army officer who went behind enemy lines to get secrets and said at his execution after being captured, said, “I regret that I have but one life to lose for my country”?a.Nathaniel Greeneb.Ethan Allenc.Nathan Haled.Bobby Knight
114 a. Vikings b. Conquistadors c. Hessians d. Conquerors 57 What were the name of the mercenaries from Germany called that helped the British fight against the colonists in the War for Independence?a.Vikingsb.Conquistadorsc.Hessiansd.Conquerors
122 The Americans had better knowledge of the land 61 Which of the following was NOT a main reason that Americans won the American Revolution over the British?a.The Americans had better knowledge of the landb.The Americans had better motivation to win the war since the war was being fought on American or colonial landsc.The Americans had a superior army and navy that dominated the under-trained British militaryd.The Americans were able to receive more financial aid from foreign nations than the British were able to do
123 c. The Americans had a superior army and navy that dominated the under-trained British military
124 That Britain would recognize the United States as independent 62 Which of the following was NOT one of the six conditions of the treaty that ended the American Revolution?a.The boundaries of the United States would be the Mississippi River on the west, Canada to the North, and Spanish Florida in the Southb.That Britain would recognize the United States as independentc.That the United States would have to give Native Americans the right to vote, because of their support for the United States during the American Revolutiond.The British would return any enslaved persons back to slave owners that they had captured during the war
125 c. That the United States would have to give Native Americans the right to vote, because of their support for the United States during the American Revolution
126 Each side would repay the debts it owed to the other 63 Which of the following was NOT one of the six conditions of the treaty that ended the American Revolution?a.Congress would recommend that the states return property to Loyalists that had left the country following the beginning of the warb.That the United States had the right to fish off Canada’s Atlantic Coast, near Newfoundland and Nova Scotiac.Each side would repay the debts it owed to the otherd.The Americans agreed not to form a new plan of government until Britain put forth all new rules for a new economy
127 d. The Americans agreed not to form a new plan of government until Britain put forth all new rules for a new economy
128 a. Samuel Adams b. Horatio Gates c. Benjamin Franklin d. 64 Which of the following was not only a member of the Second Continental Congress, but the major leader of the Boston Sons of Liberty?a.Samuel Adamsb.Horatio Gatesc.Benjamin Franklind.Samuel Prescott
130 The Ten Thoughts of Freedom c. The Olive Branch Petition d. 65 What was the name of the last ditch effort for peace from the colonists that was sent to King George III of Great Britain?a.The Peace Petitionb.The Ten Thoughts of Freedomc.The Olive Branch Petitiond.The Ten Ideas of Oppression
132 66 What was the primary way that most women helped the Patriot cause during the war? They put on the uniform and took the places of their dead husbandsb.They joined the military to learn the proper military commands in battlec.They cooked for the soldiers and provided care to the sick and woundedd.They took over the roles of lawmakers while they were off fighting the war
133 c. They cooked for the soldiers and provided care to the sick and wounded
134 a. The Bluecoats b. The Greycoats c. The Redcoats d. The Orangecoats 67 What were the British soldiers called because of the color of their jackets?a.The Bluecoatsb.The Greycoatsc.The Redcoatsd.The Orangecoats
136 a. Thomas Paine b. Everett McGill c. Ethan Allen d. Benedict Arnold 68 Who was the leader of the Green Mountain Boys that helped win at Fort Ticonderoga?a.Thomas Paineb.Everett McGillc.Ethan Allend.Benedict Arnold
142 71 What event marked the start of the French and Indian War? George Washington surrendered to the British as Fort Necessityb.The Seven Years’ War broke out in Europec.George Washington attacked the British in Quebecd.Great Britain and France signed the War Act of France in 1754
143 a. George Washington surrendered to the British as Fort Necessity
144 a. It was the first time Parliament had tried to tax the colonists directly
145 72 Why was the Stamp Act of 1765 particularly upsetting to the colonists? It was the first time Parliament had tried to tax the colonists directlyb.It was the first attempt by Parliament to tax exports, not just importsc.To enforce it, Britain’s standing army used violence to frighten taxpayersd.To enforce it, Britain placed its own judges on the benches of colonial courts
146 73 Why did Parliament repeal almost all of the Townshend Acts? It wanted to give colonists more of a sense of independenceb.It could make more money paying to catch smugglers than paying to collect taxesc.It could make the same money on taxing tea as it could on almost all the other goods combinedd.It wanted to reduce the tension between the colonists and the British
147 d. It wanted to reduce the tension between the colonists and the British
148 74 What did the colonists call The Coercive Acts, passed by Parliament in the spring of 1774? “The Tariff of Abominations”b.“Acts of Cruelty”c.“The Intolerable Acts”d.“King Charles’ Revenge”
152 a. the Seven Year’s War b. Vietnam War c. War of 1812 d. World War I 76 The French and Indian War fought in North America was part of which of the following wars fought in Europe?a.the Seven Year’s Warb.Vietnam Warc.War of 1812d.World War I
154 a. Montreal b. Vancouver c. Quebec d. Toronto 77 The victory at this Canadian city was the major turning point of the French and Indian War turning it in the favor of the Britisha.Montrealb.Vancouverc.Quebecd.Toronto
158 a. Fishing b. Furs c. Timber d. Slaves 79 Other than the struggle for land, this business was the other major reason that the French and Indian War was fought in North Americaa.Fishingb.Fursc.Timberd.Slaves
160 a. Paul Revere b. James Otis c. Samuel Prescott d. Patrick Henry 80 His famous engraving of the Boston Massacre from the colonial point of view helped incite many of the colonists to want Britain to pay for what they had done.a.Paul Revereb.James Otisc.Samuel Prescottd.Patrick Henry
162 81 This act was passed by Britain when they repealed the Stamp Act to tell the colonies that Britain had complete authority over thema.Townshend Actb.Authoritative Actc.Coercive Actd.Declaratory Act
164 Committees of Correspondence 82 Samuel Adams put this organization together to communicate with people from all the colonies by letter to keep them informed of the goings ona.Daughters of Libertyb.Committees of Correspondencec.Sons of Societyd.Pony Express
166 83 Which of the following was NOT part of the Intolerable Acts that Britain decided to put on the colonists following the Boston Tea Party?a.The colonists had to swear allegiance to King Jamesb.The charter of Massachusetts was canceled and the legislature could only meet if the governor gave permissionc.A new Quartering Act required colonists to house British soldiersd.British General Thomas Gage became the new governor of Massachusetts
167 a. The colonists had to swear allegiance to King James
168 a. Consumer challenging b. Boycott c. Marketing d. Inflation 84 What do we call a form of protest in which you refuse to buy a certain good to force some kind of change?a.Consumer challengingb.Boycottc.Marketingd.Inflation
170 Committees of Correspondence 85 What secret society was formed by Samuel Adams to help organize protests and resistance to British laws and taxes?a.Committees of Correspondenceb.Secret Policec.Sons of Libertyd.Men of Freedom
174 87 How did the British soldiers use Writs of Assistance? It allowed the British soldiers to enter colonists houses and search for smuggled goods.b.It allowed the British soldiers to stop colonists on the street and search them for notes or pamphlets that protested the Britishc.It allowed the British soldiers to arrest colonists who were protesting in publicd.It allowed the British soldiers to take any property from colonists they thought would help them in war
175 a. It allowed the British soldiers to enter colonists houses and search for smuggled goods.
176 Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys 88 What group dressed as Indians, allegedly led the Boston Tea Party on December 16, 1773a.Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boysb.Society of Friendsc.Red Light Brigaded.Sons of Liberty
178 a. Loyalists b. Patriots c. Tories d. Confederates 89 What was the name for people in the colonies that sided with the rebels that wanted to fight for independence?a.Loyalistsb.Patriotsc.Toriesd.Confederates
180 He seldom had enough equipment, food or supplies for his troops 90 Which of the following was NOT a challenge that Washington faced as Commander of the Continental Army?a.He was trying to avoid a major defeat until his army was large enough, trained better and more equipped to face the professional British troopsb.He seldom had enough equipment, food or supplies for his troopsc.Most of his troops were too old and had trouble trying to keep up with the marching, carrying of their supplies, the long hours and lack of adequate sleeping quartersd.Fighting with an army of volunteers who often went home when their time of service was up made it difficult to produce a cohesive professional army
181 c. Most of his troops were too old and had trouble trying to keep up with the marching, carrying of their supplies, the long hours and lack of adequate sleeping quarters
182 The End Good Luck on the Celebration of Knowledge