16#13 - IndivisibleDefinition – Unable to divide or separate
17#14 - PersecutionDefinition – to be mistreated for your beliefs
18#15 - DiffusionDefinition – the spreading of ideas between cultures
19#16 – Northwest PassageDefinition – a waterway that goes through the entire North America (never found)
20#17 – MonopolyDefinition – when one group or company controls one part of the economy (no competition).
21Unit 3 Vocabulary Definitions Colony - a group of people who settle in a distant land but are stilled ruled by their original government.Circumnavigate – to sail completely around the globeConquistador - Spanish explorer who conquers (takes over) other civilizations.Plague -a problem or disease that affects large groups of people (example: Black Plague)Presidio – Forts where soldiers lived in New SpainMission – A religious settlement (like a church)Peninsulare - A Spanish colonist born in Spain (upper class)Creole - A Spanish colonist born to Spanish parents in the Americas (2nd class)Mestizo - Mix of Spanish and Native American (3rd class)Plantation – a large piece of farmlandAlliance - when two or more nations/people agree to work togetherCharter – a contractIndivisible – unable to separate or dividePersecution – to be mistreated for your beliefsDiffusion – the spreading of ideas between culturesNorthwest Passage - a waterway that goes through the entire North America (never found)Monopoly - when one group or company controls one part of the economy (no competition).
22Pre-Exploration Timeline 600’s – Crusaders (European Christians vs. Muslims – 200 years)800’s – Vikings from Scandinavia (Denmark, Sweden, Norway)1. Land on Newfoundland2. They are the first American Explorers– Middle Ages (Medieval Times)1. Europeans spent all of their times in gated communities (boring)2. Knights played life or death sports– Renaissance – Science and Literature rebirth1. Navigation = the science of sailing2. Guttenberg = Invention of the printing press (desire for knowledge)3. Monarchs (Kings) of England, France, Portugal, and Spain begin a struggle for control of power.4. Black Plague – a majority of Europe was killed by this disease.
23Christopher Columbus Timeline August 3, 1492 – Departs from SpainAug. 6 – Lands at the Canary IslandsSept. 6 – Left the island of GemoraSept. 8 – Sees the island of HierroOct. 10 – Makes a deal with his menOct. 12 – Sees landOct. 13 – Columbus goes ashore (on land)Oct. 15 – Leaves the islandOct – Stops at 3 other islandsOct. 28 – Lands in CubaOct. 31 – Reaches the Cayo CruzNov. 22 – Pinzon leaves the other ships
24Dec. 5 – Arrives at Hispaniola Dec. 24 – The Santa Maria is stuckDec. 25 – The ship sinksJan. 2 – Columbus leaves the islandJan. 6 – Columbus runs into the PintaJan. 16 – The two ships leave togetherFeb. 14 – the two ships are separated by a fierce stormFeb. 15 – Columbus sights the Santa Maria (island)Mar. 4 – Arrives in Lisbon (Spain)Mar. 15 – Arrives at home and announces his discoveryMar. 15 – Pinzon arrives a few hours after ColumbusMar. 18 – Pinzon dies
25An Era of ExplorationA. Early voyages to America1. Vikingsa. Newfoundland (Canada)B. Columbus Reaches the America1. Wanted to find a route around Africa to Asia2. Thought you could sail from Europe, across the Atlantic, toAsia3. Needed money from King Ferdinand and Queen Isabellla4. Background informationa. Born in 1451 in Italyb. Went to Navigation schoolc. Traveled to Spain to get money for the tripC. Spain authorizes colonies1. Columbus returns and brings new food and ideas2. Believes that Indians can easily be converted toChristianity.
26I. Trade Routes for Exploration A. Italy - first powerhouse1. Had a monopoly on trade2. Other countries want to copy themB. Portugal Discoveries1. Led by Prince Henry the Navigatora. Built a Navigation school (Columbus)b. Explored and traded throughout Africa (slavery roots)2. Traded people for Weapons and clothesa. Originated the African slave trading system
27II. Spanish ExplorersA. Ponce de Leon– Looking for the Fountain of YouthB. Hernando de Soto– Looking for gold (finds Mississippi River butno gold)C. Francisco Coronado– Looking for golden cities with golden streets(found Arizona and New Mexico instead)D. Conquistadors1. Rulers get 1/5 of all their conquests2. Hernando Cortes – Aztec Conqueror1. Conquers the Aztecs (thought he was a paleskinned God)3. Francisco Pizzaro – Inca Conqueror1. Controlled the entire empire by 1535
28E. Reasons for Conquistador victories 1. Steel, guns, horses vs. clubs, bows, arrows2. Thought the Spanish were Gods (Pale Skinned)3. European Diseases6. Settling New Spain (Map)a. Pueblosb. Presidiosc. Missionsd. Government – Viceroys (governors of each region)7. Class System in New Spaina. Peninsulares – upper classb. Creolesc. Mestizosd. Indians/ Slaves
29Turn to page 77 in the textbook Turn to page 77 in the textbook. Fold your worksheet in half (my example) and draw a box inside the top half of your page:PueblosCenter for farming and trade. This would be like the big cities of today that are the centers of life in the United States.Forts for soldiers. This is like the army stations of today. Kept the Pueblo people safe.PresidiosLike the churches of today. This was the spiritual center of life.Mission
30Peninsulare – 1st Class – Had the best jobs and the most money. On the bottom half of the page, create the following chart:Peninsulare – 1st Class – Had the best jobs and the most money.Creoles – 2nd Class – Well educated. Doctors and Lawyers, but not as rich as 1st classMestizos – 3rd Class – Had working class jobs. Usually worked on farms owned by others.Slaves (Indians) – Lowest class, forced to do work. Not paid.
52Objective: To examine the causes and effects of the search for the Northwest Passage.
53Europeans explorers spent over 100 years searching for a Northwest Passage through North America to Asia.England, France, and Holland began searching for a westward route to Asia in order to compete with Spain and Portugal.
54Explorations for Spain Atlantic OceanCool! I, Vasco Nunez de Balboa, the great conquistador, am the first European to see the eastern edge of the Pacific Ocean!Vasco Nuñez de Balboa ( )
55Explorations for Spain Ferdinand Magellan led the first voyage around the world.Animation: Magellan’s Voyage
58Explorations for Spain At first, the name of America was only meant to apply to South America, but later on, both continents of America became known by his name.Amerigo Vespucci was one of the first explorers to come up with the idea that these places he had visited were not part of Asia (as Columbus thought) but rather were part of a “New World."In 1507, a pamphlet was published called "The Four Voyages of Amerigo" and the author suggested that the new land that Amerigo had explored be named in his honor.
59Martin Waldseemuller map of 1507 Martin Waldseemuller map of In this document the newly discovered continent is for the first time referred to as "America", a name the author chose in honor of Amerigo Vespucci.