53. improved weapons- gunpowder and cannonsWhy would this be important?
6B. Desire for wealth1. gain access to the spice trade (also sugar and silk)Arab and Italian merchants had a monopoly2. find new sources of gold and silver
7C. Growth of Nation-States 1. centralized power at home allowed for an outward push and colonization of new lands.D. Religious devotion / Crusading Spirit1. desire to convert new people to Christianity2. to strike a blow against the Muslims
8E. Renaissance Spirit and Values 1. desire to learn about the world (intellectual curiosity)- Marco Polo returns with stories of the riches in Asia.2. desire for adventure, fortune, fame and glory.
9II. Portugal and SpainA. Portugal1. Portugal led the wayin explorationa. Prince Henry the Navigator encourages exploration and the study of improvements in seafaring.
10b. location –. Portugal was. well situated. to explore. based on b.location – Portugal was well situated to explore based on routes available to explore.
112. Portuguese. sailors. explored the. coast of. Africa in an 2. Portuguese sailors explored the coast of Africa in an attempt to find a water route to Asian trade.
123. Portuguese explorers included: Bartholomeu Dias - first to sail around the southern tip ofAfricaVasco da Gama - discovered an all water trade route between Portugal and India.
13B. Spain 1. Columbus sails West in an attempt to reach Asia.a. opened the Americas to European colonization and trade.
14Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) - Spain and Portugal sign a treaty dividing the newly discovered lands between the two nationsHow would you view this treaty if you were the English, French or other Europeans
15Amerigo Vespucci –Explored the coast of the newly discovered landsSuggested Columbus had actually discovered a new worldVespucci’s name begins to appear on maps of the New World
16Ferdinand Magellan –attempted to find a Western route to Asia, one of his ships will complete the first circumnavigation of the earth. ( )
17Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes arrived in Mexico in 1519.Cortes along with native allies defeated the Aztec.