Admiral Zheng He 1371-1435 Each ship was 400’ long and 160’ wide!
Zheng He’s Voyages In 1498, Da Gama reached Calcutta, China’s favorite port!
Motives for European Exploration 1.Commercial Revolution by-pass intermediaries to get to Asia for trade products.(Ottomans in the way) 2.Renaissance curiosity about other lands and peoples. Humanism, Secularism 3.Reformation refugees & missionaries (Jesuits) need a place to go 4.Monarchs seeking new sources of revenue. $$$$$$$ 5.Technological Advances allow maritime travel to be easier, less dangerous
New Maritime Technologies Hartman Astrolabe (1532) Better Maps Mariner’s Compass School for Navigation, 1419
The Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494 The Pope’s Line of Demarcation Once information is brought back home in Europe, Spain and Portugal become rivals. Each want land in the “new world.” To settle the dispute, the Pope steps in and draws a line on the map. Spain receives everything West and Portugal everything East of the line.
A need for workers on the farm leads to: Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade A need for workers on the farm leads to: Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
“Middle Passage” Many died during the Middle passage. Slave ships packed as many Africans on board as possible knowing they would lose a large percentage. ~12.5 million were sold. Of those, 10.7 million managed to live through the horrific journey known as the Middle Passage.
The Colonial Class System Peninsulares Creoles MestizosMulattos Native Indians Enslaved Africans
After the creation of the colony, trade booms!! These trade routes come to be known as TRIANGULAR TRADE
Mercantilism The colony produces while the mother country received/enjoyed the benefits and sells back to the colony for profit!