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Pruning lingo 101 ROP Nursery/Greenhouse & ROP Landscape Maintenance By: Mrs. Deanna Cargill
Pruning lingo 101
1. ROOTSTOCK is the base of the plant, below the union
2. Sucker A shoot which grows from the rootstock.
3. Heading Back Cutting back branches to buds or side branches.
4. Evergreen Plants that have leaves on them throughout the year.
5. Deciduous Plants which shed their leaves yearly.
6. Terminal Buds Growing point of the stem.
7. Lateral Buds Side branches
8. Bud Union Point at which the rootstock and top of the plant unite
9. Stub Improperly pruned branch which leaves a protruding hook; bad because it allows for entry of disease and pests
10. Watersprout Long, vertical shoots arising from branches
11. Primary Scaffold Branch First main branch from trunk
12. Secondary Scaffold Branch Limb branching from primary scaffold
13. Spur Short lateral that bears the fruit in many species
14. Leader The central stem in a plant
15. Lateral Those branches growing from primaries and secondaries
16. Thinning Complete removal of branches to the trunk or to the ground
17. Node or bud A small swelling or projection on a plant where a shoot, cluster of leaves or flowers
18. internode Distance on stem between leaves or buds
19. pinching Most basic pruning technique, using thumb and forefinger to remove the stem tips of new growth
20. shearing Method of clipping the surface of densely foliaged plants using hand or electric shears
21. Espaliering The practice of training a tree or shrub to grow flat either on a trellis or against a wall
22. canopy Refers to the top, shade-producing structure of a tree or shrub, made up of branches and foliage
23. Crotch The angle formed between the trunk and the scaffold branch or between a pair of trunks
24. Double leader When two trunks or main stems compete for the dominant, leading position
25. pollard Shearing off the top of a tree so that it puts out a dense head of slender shoots
26. standard A A plant, not naturally growing as a tree, that is trained into a small tree- like form with a single, upright trunk and rounded crown
27. topiary The technique of shearing trees and shrubs to geometric or animal-like shapes
28. conifer Cone-bearing trees and shrubs, primarily evergreen with needle- or scale-like foliage
29. bonsai To dwarf a shrub or tree by various means in a container
30. Pleaching Weaving together or intertwining of upper branches of several trees
31. framework The basic branch structure of a tree which gives it its shape
32. One-year-old wood Growth that develops during the previous growing season
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