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Pruning lingo 101 ROP Nursery/Greenhouse & ROP Landscape Maintenance By: Mrs. Deanna Cargill.

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Presentation on theme: "Pruning lingo 101 ROP Nursery/Greenhouse & ROP Landscape Maintenance By: Mrs. Deanna Cargill."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pruning lingo 101 ROP Nursery/Greenhouse & ROP Landscape Maintenance By: Mrs. Deanna Cargill

2 Pruning lingo 101

3 1. ROOTSTOCK  is the base of the plant, below the union

4 2. Sucker  A shoot which grows from the rootstock.

5 3. Heading Back  Cutting back branches to buds or side branches.

6 4. Evergreen  Plants that have leaves on them throughout the year.

7 5. Deciduous  Plants which shed their leaves yearly.

8 6. Terminal Buds  Growing point of the stem.

9 7. Lateral Buds  Side branches

10 8. Bud Union  Point at which the rootstock and top of the plant unite

11 9. Stub  Improperly pruned branch which leaves a protruding hook; bad because it allows for entry of disease and pests

12 10. Watersprout  Long, vertical shoots arising from branches

13 11. Primary Scaffold Branch  First main branch from trunk

14 12. Secondary Scaffold Branch  Limb branching from primary scaffold

15 13. Spur  Short lateral that bears the fruit in many species

16 14. Leader  The central stem in a plant

17 15. Lateral  Those branches growing from primaries and secondaries

18 16. Thinning  Complete removal of branches to the trunk or to the ground

19 17. Node or bud  A small swelling or projection on a plant where a shoot, cluster of leaves or flowers

20 18. internode  Distance on stem between leaves or buds

21 19. pinching  Most basic pruning technique, using thumb and forefinger to remove the stem tips of new growth

22 20. shearing  Method of clipping the surface of densely foliaged plants using hand or electric shears

23 21. Espaliering  The practice of training a tree or shrub to grow flat either on a trellis or against a wall

24 22. canopy  Refers to the top, shade-producing structure of a tree or shrub, made up of branches and foliage

25 23. Crotch  The angle formed between the trunk and the scaffold branch or between a pair of trunks

26 24. Double leader  When two trunks or main stems compete for the dominant, leading position

27 25. pollard  Shearing off the top of a tree so that it puts out a dense head of slender shoots

28 26. standard  A A plant, not naturally growing as a tree, that is trained into a small tree- like form with a single, upright trunk and rounded crown

29 27. topiary  The technique of shearing trees and shrubs to geometric or animal-like shapes

30 28. conifer  Cone-bearing trees and shrubs, primarily evergreen with needle- or scale-like foliage

31 29. bonsai  To dwarf a shrub or tree by various means in a container

32 30. Pleaching  Weaving together or intertwining of upper branches of several trees

33 31. framework  The basic branch structure of a tree which gives it its shape

34 32. One-year-old wood  Growth that develops during the previous growing season

35 The End


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