Where: Sharpsburg, Maryland near a stream called Antietam Creek When: September 17, 1862 Who: Commander of CSA = Robert E. Lee Commander of USA = George McClellan What happened: Single bloodiest day of battle in the Civil War (and in US History). 12 hour battle 23,000 casualties (killed, wounded, missing) Union victory After long list of Confederate victories, the Union win at Antietam gives President Lincoln the confidence to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.
Emancipation Proclamation CHANGES THE PURPOSE OF THE WAR! From keeping the Union together to keeping the Union together AND freeing slaves in rebel states Declares that all slaves “living in states in rebellion” will get their freedom on Jan 1, 1863 A 100 day “grace period” will be given to “states in rebellion” so that they can make up their mind if they want to come back into the Union of not. If a “state in rebellion” comes back to the Union within 100 days, it does not have to free its’ slaves! After the President Lincoln issues this proclamation on Jan. 1, 1863, France and England (2 anti-slavery countries) had no choice but to “back” the North not the South.
Warm-up for 01.20.12 1.List the battles of Gettysburg, Antietam, and Chickamauga in chronological order. 2.List them again in order of casualties from the least casualties (#1) to the most casualties (#3).
1.) Where: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (UNION) 2.) When: July 1-3, 1863 3.) Commander of CSA: Robert E. Lee 4.) 75,000 men 5.) What did Lee hope to accomplish: Get much-needed shoes, food, ammunition, and rest for his men. Eventually, make his way towards Washington, D.C. Bring war to the North and make them loose will to fight. 6.) Commander of USA: Gen. George Meade 7.) 82,289 men 8.) What did Meade hope to accomplish? Keep Lee out of the North Drive south towards Richmond (capital of Confederacy)
9.) Who won: Union 10.) 3 outcomes: Bloodiest battle of the Civil War w/ 51,000 casualties Ended Lee’s 2 nd attempt to invade the North and get much-needed supplies. Lee will never press that far north again.
1.) Where: Georgia (CONFEDERATE) 2.) When: Sept. 19-20, 1863 3.) Commander of CSA: Braxton Bragg 4.) 66,326 men 5.) What did Bragg hope to accomplish: Take over control of Chattanooga, TN. and the major railway lines leading into GA Keep Rosecrans out of Georgia 6.) Commander of USA: William Rosecrans 7.) 41,400 men 8.) What did Rosecrans hope to accomplish? Keep control of Chattanooga, TN. and the major railway lines leading into GA Drive Bragg South into Georgia
9.) Who won: Confederates 10.) 3 outcomes: Bloodiest 2-day battle of the Civil War w/ 34,624 casualties Kept Union army from invading GA and heading towards Atlanta…for a few months. Seriously weakens Confederate forces and not ready for the Battle of Chattanooga
Where: IN GEORGIA - near Chattanooga, TN near Chickamauga Creek When: September 19-20, 1863 Who: Commander of CSA = Braxton Bragg Commander of USA = William Rosecrans What happened: Bloodiest 2-day battle of the Civil War 34,624 casualties Confederate victory Kept Union army from invading GA and heading towards Atlanta…for a few months.