Presentation on theme: "Applied Research Center Abraham S. Fischler School of Education"— Presentation transcript:
1Applied Research Center Abraham S. Fischler School of Education The Problem StatementApplied Research CenterAbraham S. Fischler School of EducationSummer Conference 2012
2General InformationThe Problem Statement and associated sections make up the beginning of Chapter 1 of the Concept Paper.This section should follow the Style Guide for the Applied Dissertation and the sixth edition of the APA manual.Students who have already completed the Concept Paper will use this session to work on expanding their Preliminary Literature Review, or they will begin work on Chapter 3.
3The “Problem” There are two types of problems: An actual situation that is hindering the overall effectiveness of the organizationA theoretical or clinical question confronting the researcherBackground and Significance—Briefly document the existence of the problem or question to demonstrate that it is generally recognized in the field; you may support the status of the problem or question with data (publicly and already available) and by providing brief citations of key research findings and/or expert opinion.
4The “Problem” Define components/elements of the problem if applicable. Give a brief description ofthe setting where the research study will take placethe profile of the organization and other pertinent general background informationother relevant information as determined by the committeeDiscuss the feasibility of the research study within the context of your role within the organization.Address gaps in research literature and rationale for study.
5How the Problem Differs From Other Parts of Research A research problem is an educational issue, controversy, or concern that guides the need for conducting the study.A research topic is the broad subject matter being addressed in a study.A purpose is the major intent or objective of the study.Research questions are those that the researcher would like answered or addressed in the study.
6Differences Among the Topic, Problem, Purpose, and Questions GeneralTopicDistance learningResearchProblemLack of students in distance classesTo study why students do not attend distance-education classes at a community collegePurposeStatementDoes the use of Website technology in the classroom deter students from enrolling in a distance- education class?ResearchQuestionSpecific
7Writing the Problem Statement What is the problem?The problem is the problem! Period.It is not a "question," "topic,” “cause,” or “solution.”How to start construction of the problem statementExamine the evidence Let the evidence lead to proposed objectivesSuggest possible causes Let the causes lead to your possible solutions or interventions and dependent variables
8Class ParticipationEXAMPLE PROBLEM? Not a "question," "topic,” “cause,” or “solution”WHY IS IT A PROBLEM? Reason for and significance of problemWHERE? Location on some scheme, model, or framework of communications studyWHO HAS DONE WHAT ABOUT RESEARCH ON THIS PROBLEM? Reference to relevant studies and an explanation of their relevance; has a theoretical basisHOW? What original observations, documents, interviews, etc. will be involved?
9Key Points"The problem statement describes the context for the study and it also identifies the general analysis approach" (Wiersma, 1995, p. 404).It is important in a proposal that the problem stand out and that the reader can easily recognize it.A problem statement should be presented within a context; that context should be provided and briefly explained, including a discussion of the conceptual or theoretical framework in which it is embedded. Clearly and succinctly identify and explain the theoretical framework that undergirds your study. This is a key element that associations such as AERA and APA look for in proposals. It is essential in all quantitative research.State the problem in terms that are intelligible to someone who is generally sophisticated but who is relatively uninformed in the area of your investigation.Frank Pajares
10Today’s Work Session Template Chapter 1: IntroductionThe TopicThis is a brief description of the proposed area of study.Background and Significance of the ProblemProvide evidence from the literature and experience showing that the problem exists and the relevance. Include references.The research problem. This is an area of conflict, concern, or controversy. “The problem to be addressed by the proposed study is…”Deficiencies in the EvidenceInclude a brief discussion that details the area of need in relation to the problem and the deficiency or lack of evidence in the literature.AudienceDiscuss who is affected and who benefits.