Presentation on theme: " European powers considered retaking control of the former colonies in the Americas American lawmakers wanted to deter foreign countries from taking."— Presentation transcript:
European powers considered retaking control of the former colonies in the Americas American lawmakers wanted to deter foreign countries from taking lands that U.S may someday claim Example: Pacific Northwest
Stated U.S would view any attempts to further colonize the Americas as “dangerous to our peace and safety”. December 2, 1823 Also said U.S would not “interfere in the internal concerns” of Europe What does this mean?
Americans were slowly developing their own unique culture What can we define as part of culture? Does the culture developed then still influence the way Americans live today?
French philosopher “America is a land of wonders, in which everything is in constant motion and every change seems an improvement” Americans no longer imitating European cultures like before
Before 1800 American artists and writers were paid little respect Why was this true? 1825 Thomas Cole helped establish Hudson River school A group of artists whose landscapes both depicted and celebrated the American countryside
American authors gained respect in early 1800s Washington Irving, James Fenimore Cooper and William Cullen Bryant Proved Americans could create literature and that people on both sides of the Atlantic would respect American works
Americans had unique version of the English language 1828 new American English was published by Noah Webster in Dictionary It defined thousands of words that have never been included in dictionary before Why is this important?
The belief that the interests of the nation as a whole are more important than regional interests or the interests of other countries This spirit replaced the tendency toward Sectionalism- the belief that one’s own region of the country is more important than the whole
At what times in our history have we been more inclined to be more nationalistic or lean more towards sectionalism? Which one is “better” for our country? Pros/Cons for each?
Chief Justice of Supreme Court from 1801- 1835 Firm believer in strong national gov. His court made two key rulings that reflected growing feelings of nationalism and promoted it by strengthening the national government
McCulloch v. Maryland 1819 pitted the state of Maryland against the national government John Marshall sided with national gov. National Interests to be put above states
1824- case involved cutting-edge transportation technology: steamboats Rival steamboat companies operating in New York Aaron Ogden got permission from N.Y to run his business. Thomas Gibbons had license from national gov. to run his Who do you think Marshall ruled with?
UNIFY YOUNG NATION Tariff to protect American industries Sale of gov. lands to raise money for national gov. Maintenance of national bank Government funding of internal improvements or public projects like roads and canals HENRY CLAY
It was never implemented as a unified policy However government did establish tariffs and a bank Shows how nationalist feelings and desire to bring country together were on minds of Americans at this time
Americans were proud of their victory in War of 1812 Beginning of so called “Era of good feelings” James Monroe- Elected president in 1816 Served 2 terms (1817-1825) Under Monroe, economy grew rapidly and feeling of nationalism and optimism prevailed
JAMES MONROERUSH-BAGOT TREATY In 1818, signed with Britain Provided for near complete disarmament of eastern part of border between U.S and British-Canada Convinced Britain to draw western part of border between U.S and Canada along 49 th parallel
1819 Secretary of State John Quincy Adams reached agreement with Spain U.S acquired Florida and established boundary between Louisiana territory and Spanish territory to the west Adams even convinced Spain and Russia to give up their claims to disputed Oregon Country and allow settlers to travel to Oregon
Nationalism also inspired by rapid growth of American settlement By 1818 settlers spread beyond Mississippi River into Missouri, most from South 1 in 6 settlers were enslaved African- Americans
When they applied to join the Union, it caused an uproar 1819 there were 22 states in Union Slavery was legal in half, illegal in other half Equal balance gave equal representation in U.S Senate What would happen if a slave state was admitted?
1820 Missouri was admitted as a slave state Maine was admitted as a free state Thus the balance was preserved Agreement also banned slavery in northern part of Louisiana Territory. Kept the balance of slave and free states However feelings of sectionalism in North and South were beginning to emerge