2 Focus QuestionHow did domestic and foreign policy reflect the nationalism of the times?Protective TariffsSupreme Court decisions that strengthened the national governmentAcquiring FloridaMonroe DoctrineMissouri Compromise
4 Nationalism Shapes Domestic Policy Henry ClayAmerican SystemProtective tariffBuild roads and canals to tie the different regions into a harmonious wholeReestablish a Bank of US
5 Nationalism Shapes Domestic Policies James Monroe, the nation's fifth president, embarked on a goodwill tour through the NorthA renewal of national unity, called the times the "Era of Good Feelings."It was a time of few factional disputes
6 Nationalism Shapes Domestic Policies The spirit of nationalism was apparent in a series of landmark Supreme Court decisionsEstablished national supremacy over the statesExtended the nation's boundaries and protected its shipping and commerce
7 Marshall and the Supreme Court Headed by Chief Justice John MarshallMade several key decisions that strengthened the federal governmentMore than the framers, he molded the development of the Const.
8 Marshall and the Supreme Court The “necessary and proper”, “elastic” clauseDoes a state have the power to tax a branch of the Bank of the United States?First tested in McCulloch v. MarylandBank of the US was subject to a tax by the state of MarylandThe bank manager (McCulloch) refused to payMaryland argued that the Constitution doesn’t mention banks and therefore banks are not allowed to be created by Congress
9 Marshall and the Supreme Court “The power to tax involves the power to destroy,"States do not have the right to exert an independent check on the authority of the federal government
10 Marshall and the Supreme Court Gibbons v. OgdenCommerce ClauseOverturned a New York law that had awarded a monopoly over steamboat traffic on the Hudson RiverFreed the transportation system from restraints by the states
11 Nationalism Influences Foreign Affairs In an effort to strengthen the US position in foreign policy Pres announces the Monroe DoctrineThe US would not become involved in the internal affairs of European countries
12 Nationalism Influences Foreign Affairs The US would not permit any further colonization of the Western HemisphereTop Ten most important Foreign Policy Decisions!
13 Nationalism Influences Foreign Affairs Those who have used the principle:1836 manifest destiny (Pres Polk) Texas/West1842 Hawaii1900’s Roosevelt Corollary1962 Kennedy Cuban Missile Crisis1980 Reagan Salvaldor & Grenada
14 Nationalism Influences Foreign Affairs Adam-Onis TreatyEnded Spanish claims to the vast Pacific Coast Territory and Great Britain agreed to share the territoryShowed the impact of nationalism on foreign policy
19 Missouri Compromise1819, Congress debated about the admission of Missouri to the United StatesThe issues of the debate was slaveryNorthwest Ordinance of 1787 established no state NW of Ohio R. could be a slave state
20 Missouri Compromise Henry Clay proposed a compromise Slavery would not be restricted in Missouri, Maine will be admitted as a free state – keeps the balance of statesTerritories north of 36 30N latitude in Louisiana Purchase would be closed to slavery