Presentation on theme: "An Era of Nationalism. Focus Question How did domestic and foreign policy reflect the nationalism of the times? Protective Tariffs Supreme Court decisions."— Presentation transcript:
Focus Question How did domestic and foreign policy reflect the nationalism of the times? Protective Tariffs Supreme Court decisions that strengthened the national government Acquiring Florida Monroe Doctrine Missouri Compromise
Nationalism Shapes Domestic Policy Henry Clay American System Protective tariff Build roads and canals to tie the different regions into a harmonious whole Reestablish a Bank of US
Nationalism Shapes Domestic Policies James Monroe, the nation's fifth president, embarked on a goodwill tour through the North A renewal of national unity, called the times the "Era of Good Feelings." It was a time of few factional disputes
Nationalism Shapes Domestic Policies The spirit of nationalism was apparent in a series of landmark Supreme Court decisions Established national supremacy over the states Extended the nation's boundaries and protected its shipping and commerce
Marshall and the Supreme Court Supreme Court Headed by Chief Justice John Marshall Made several key decisions that strengthened the federal government More than the framers, he molded the development of the Const.
Marshall and the Supreme Court The “necessary and proper”, “elastic” clause Does a state have the power to tax a branch of the Bank of the United States? –First tested in McCulloch v. Maryland Bank of the US was subject to a tax by the state of Maryland The bank manager (McCulloch) refused to pay Maryland argued that the Constitution doesn’t mention banks and therefore banks are not allowed to be created by Congress
Marshall and the Supreme Court “The power to tax involves the power to destroy," States do not have the right to exert an independent check on the authority of the federal government
Marshall and the Supreme Court Gibbons v. Ogden Commerce Clause Overturned a New York law that had awarded a monopoly over steamboat traffic on the Hudson River Freed the transportation system from restraints by the states
Nationalism Influences Foreign Affairs In an effort to strengthen the US position in foreign policy Pres announces the Monroe Doctrine The US would not become involved in the internal affairs of European countries
Nationalism Influences Foreign Affairs The US would not permit any further colonization of the Western Hemisphere Top Ten most important Foreign Policy Decisions!
Nationalism Influences Foreign Affairs Those who have used the principle: –1836 manifest destiny (Pres Polk) Texas/West –1842 Hawaii –1900’s Roosevelt Corollary –1962 Kennedy Cuban Missile Crisis –1980 Reagan Salvaldor & Grenada
Nationalism Influences Foreign Affairs Adam-Onis Treaty Ended Spanish claims to the vast Pacific Coast Territory and Great Britain agreed to share the territory Showed the impact of nationalism on foreign policy
Missouri Compromise 1819, Congress debated about the admission of Missouri to the United States The issues of the debate was slavery Northwest Ordinance of 1787 established no state NW of Ohio R. could be a slave state
Missouri Compromise Henry Clay proposed a compromise 1.Slavery would not be restricted in Missouri, Maine will be admitted as a free state – keeps the balance of states 12 - 12 2.Territories north of 36 30N latitude in Louisiana Purchase would be closed to slavery