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Prepared by Marilyn Rausch Indiana FCRV DAT Program Based on American Red Cross Participant’s Manual, 3 rd edition Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "Prepared by Marilyn Rausch Indiana FCRV DAT Program Based on American Red Cross Participant’s Manual, 3 rd edition Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prepared by Marilyn Rausch Indiana FCRV DAT Program Based on American Red Cross Participant’s Manual, 3 rd edition Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008

2 Emphasis today is on a Conscious injured person Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 IF the person is not conscious First Activate the EMS system (call 911) Then Perform basic CPR

3 Check Temperature Check Neck Check shoulders Check Chest and Abdomen Check arms Check legs Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Approach to a Conscious injured person Check skin with the back of your hand Ask person to move head from side to side Ask person to shrug shoulders Ask person to breathe deeply Ask person to move fingers, hands and arms Ask person to bend legs

4 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 If there are no obvious injuries Help the person into a comfortable position Help the person to slowly stand when ready

5 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 If there are obvious injuries Take action CALL Stop bleeding Minimize shock Splint possible fractures

6 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 CHECK AREA (for safety) CHECK PERSON (use standard precautions) CALL if situation warrants. OBTAIN CONSENT from the victim.

7 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Use disposable gloves and other personal protective equipment whenever possible. Always wash hands well with soap and water after treating a cut.

8 Controlling external bleeding Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008

9 Controlling external bleeding Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008

10 Controlling external bleeding If bleeding does not stop, apply more pressure Take steps to minimize shock* Call if not already done

11 Help victim lie down Elevate legs about 12” Keep person from getting chilled or overheated Do NOT give food or drink Offer reassurance Monitor the person’s airway, breathing and circulation Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Prevent or minimize shock

12 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008

13 CHECK AREA (for safety) CHECK PERSON (use standard precautions) CALL if situation warrants. OBTAIN CONSENT from the victim.

14 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Folded Blanket Towel pillow Use soft materials Use folded to tie the splint Make a sling Triangular bandage

15 Support the injured body part above and below the site of the injury. Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Applying a Soft Splint Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008

16 Applying a Soft Splint Check for feeling, warmth and color. (If unable to check for warmth and color, just check for feeling) Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008

17 Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Applying a Soft Splint Place several folded triangular bandages above and below the injured body part

18 Applying a Soft Splint Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Gently wrap a soft object (a folded blanket or towel) around the injured body part.

19 Applying a Soft Splint Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Tie triangular bandages securely with knots.

20 Applying a Soft Splint Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Check again for feeling, warmth and color. (If unable to check for warmth and color, just check for feeling)

21 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008

22 CHECK AREA (for safety) CHECK PERSON (use standard precautions) CALL if situation warrants. OBTAIN CONSENT from the victim.

23 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Boards Folded magazines or newspapers Metal strips (no sharp edges!) Materials

24 Applying a RIGID Splint Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Support the injured body part above and below the area of the injury. Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition

25 Applying a RIGID Splint Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Check for feeling, warmth and color. Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition

26 Applying a RIGID Splint Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Place the rigid splint (board) under the injured body part and the joints that are above and below the injured body part.

27 Applying a RIGID Splint Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Tie several folded Triangular bandages above and below the injured body part.

28 Applying a RIGID Splint Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Recheck for feeling, warmth and color

29 Applying a RIGID Splint If a rigid splint is used on an injured forearm, immobilize the wrist and the elbow. Bind the arm to the chest, using folded triangular bandages, or apply a sling. Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008

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31 CHECK AREA (for safety) CHECK PERSON (use standard precautions) CALL if situation warrants. OBTAIN CONSENT from the victim.

32 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Arm braced to chest Injured leg braced to uninjured leg “Buddy taping” fingers or toes to adjacent digit. The person’s body is the splint

33 Applying an Anatomic Splint Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Support the injured body part above and below the site of the injury.

34 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Applying an Anatomic Splint Check for feeling, warmth and color Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition

35 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Applying an Anatomic Splint Place several folded triangular bandages above and below the injured body part. Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition

36 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Applying an Anatomic Splint Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Place the uninjured body part next to the injured body part.

37 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Applying an Anatomic Splint Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Tie triangular bandages securely.

38 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Applying an Anatomic Splint Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Recheck for feeling, warmth and color.

39 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008

40 CHECK AREA (for safety) CHECK PERSON (use standard precautions) CALL if situation warrants. OBTAIN CONSENT from the victim.

41 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Injuries to shoulder Injuries to upper arm Injuries to elbow Supporting splints placed on forearm or wrist. Uses

42 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Applying a sling and binder Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Support the injured body part above and below the site of the injury.

43 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Applying a sling and binder Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Check for feeling, warmth and color.

44 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Applying a sling and binder Photos and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Place a triangular bandage under the injured arm and over the uninjured shoulder to form a sling.

45 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Applying a sling and binder Tie the ends of the sling at the side of the neck. Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition

46 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Applying a sling and binder Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Bind the injured body part to the chest with a folded triangular bandage

47 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008 Applying a sling and binder Photo and information from American Red Cross Participant’s manual, 3 rd edition Recheck for feeling, warmth and color.

48 Indiana FCRV DAT Program 2008

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