Presentation on theme: "The Kingdom of Israel Get Ready to Read Section Overview This section focuses on the creation of the kingdom of Israel; its great kings Saul, David, and."— Presentation transcript:
The Kingdom of Israel Get Ready to Read Section Overview This section focuses on the creation of the kingdom of Israel; its great kings Saul, David, and Solomon; and the challenges Israel faced.
Get Ready to Read (cont.) Focusing on the Main Ideas The Kingdom of Israel King David built an Israelite empire and made Jerusalem his capital city. The Israelites chose a king to unite them against their enemies. The Israelites were conquered and forced to leave Israel and Judah.
The Israelites Choose a King The Israelites began to think a king would unite the tribes and help them fight off the Philistines. The 12 tribes asked Samuel, a prophet, to choose a king. The Philistines were the strongest people in Canaan around 1000 B.C. (page 87) The Kingdom of Israel
The Israelites Choose a King (cont.) Samuel warned the Israelites against a king and did not choose one. The Israelites named Saul as king. A prophet is a person who was believed to be instructed by God. (page 87) The Kingdom of Israel King Saul displeased God, so God chose another king, David.
The Israelites Choose a King (cont.) (page 87) The Kingdom of Israel God told Samuel to anoint David in secret.
David and Solomon He killed a giant Philistine named Goliath with a slingshot and stones. David was a famous warrior. (pages 89–90) King Saul put David in charge of the army but later grew envious of David and plotted to have him killed. David hid until Saul and his sons were killed. Then, David took the throne. The Kingdom of Israel
David and Solomon (cont.) David drove the Philistines out and conquered other countries, building his empire. The conquered people had to pay tribute to David. The Israelites also had to pay heavy taxes. David used the money to expand the capital, Jerusalem. The Kingdom of Israel (pages 89–90)
David and Solomon (cont.) Solomon was David’s son who took the throne after David’s death. Solomon built the stone temple in Jerusalem that David wanted to build. The Kingdom of Israel (pages 89–90)
David and Solomon (cont.) When Solomon died, the 12 tribes began fighting. Ten of the tribes moved to the north and called their nation the kingdom of Israel. The Kingdom of Israel The other two tribes moved to the south and called their kingdom Judah. The capital of Judah was Jerusalem, and the people of Judah were called Jews. (pages 89–90)
A Troubled Time After creating the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, many Israelites faced troubled times. (pages 90–92) The prophets told the Israelites to please God by leading a moral life and helping others. The kingdoms of Israel and Judah felt threatened by the Assyrians and Chaldeans, who had powerful empires in southwest Asia. The Kingdom of Israel
A Troubled Time (cont.) The Assyrians conquered Israel and dispersed the 10 tribes throughout their empire. These Israelites lost contact with those who remained in Israel and Judah and were often called the lost tribes of Israel. The Assyrians brought people to live in Samaria. A new culture developed, and the people became known as Samaritans. The Kingdom of Israel (pages 90–92)
A Troubled Time (cont.) To appease God, they offered sacrifices and began following the Israelites’ religion. The people of Judah believed that God only accepted sacrifices from the temple at Jerusalem. The Kingdom of Israel (pages 90–92) The Samaritans adopted many Israelite beliefs. Over time, however, their religious practices developed separately from those of Judah.
A Troubled Time (cont.) The Chaldeans conquered Egypt in 605 B.C. The Jews joined forces with the Egyptians to conquer the Chaldeans. The Kingdom of Israel (pages 90–92) The Egyptians conquered the kingdom of Judah in 620 B.C. They believed they were God’s only people.
A Troubled Time (cont.) In 586 B.C., the Jews revolted against the Chaldeans, and the Chaldean ruler crushed Jerusalem. The Kingdom of Israel (pages 90–92) King Nebuchadnezzar and the Chaldeans captured Jerusalem and punished the Jews. He sent 10,000 Jews to Babylon and appointed a new Jewish king.
A Troubled Time (cont.) The Chaldeans took the king and thousands of Jews to Babylon. This period is known as the Babylonian Captivity. The Kingdom of Israel (pages 90–92)