2The Israelites Choose a King Philistines – strongest people in Canaan, iron weapons and tools, best citiesSome Israelites copied Philistine religionTo prevent this, they decided they needed a king of their own.Unite tribesFight off Philistines
3The Rule of King SaulIn 1020 B.C. the Israelites asked Samuel, a judge and a prophet, to choose a king.Prophet – a person who the ancient Israelitesthought was instructed by God.
4anoint – bless with oil to show that God has chosen him. The Israelites still wanted a king despite Samuel’s warnings.Samuel anointed warrior-farmer Saul as king.anoint – bless with oil to show that God has chosen him.
5More about Saul Saul – tall, handsome, defeated enemies. Saul disobeyed GodSamuel secretly anointed another kingThe new king was a young shepherd named David.
6King David David – defeated Goliath. David in charge of armies Saul jealousSaul wanted to kill David!
8Tribute – money or slaves given to a stronger ruler. David on the ThroneDavid conquered many nations and created an empire.David received tribute.Tribute – money or slaves given to a stronger ruler.
9King David heavily taxed Israelites. Wanted to expand JerusalemDavid wanted to build a templedied before the temple was builtDavid – known as the greatest Israelite king
10proverbs – wise sayings King SolomonSolomon, David’s son took over when David diedFinished templeTemple – center of Jewish religionSolomon-well known for his proverbs.proverbs – wise sayingsExample - The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favor is as dew upon the grass.
11More about SolomonSolomon taxed the people to pay for his great buildings.The people hated Solomon
12Two Kingdoms After Solomon’s death: Samaria – capital of Israel. Fighting10 tribes broke away and formed Israel2 tribes created JudahSamaria – capital of Israel.Jerusalem – capital of Judah.
15A Troubled TimeIsrael and Judah – smaller and weaker than Assyria and Chaldea
16Prophets Special Message: prophets - brought hope to the kingdom of Israel.Said lead a moral lifeHelp othersProphets Special Message:Being faithful meant MORE than going to a temple for worship. It meant working for a JUST society.
17What Caused the Fall of Israel? Conquer by the Assyrians 722 B.C10 tribes scattered.called the “lost tribes of Israel.”Assyrians moved to IsraelMixed Assyrians and Israelites = Samaritans.
18Why Did Judah Fall? The Egyptians conquered Judah in 620 B.C. The Jews kept kingPaid tribute to Egypt605 B.C. Chaldeans conquered Egypt and JudahEgyptians and Jews rebelled.
19King Nebuchadnezzar conquered again Punished JewsDestroyed templeDestroyed JerusalemCaptured most Jews and sent them to BabylonThis time was known as the Babylonian Captivity.