Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer “So far as man thinks, he is free. Thought takes man out of servitude into freedom.” -Ralph Waldo Emerson What does he mean? How does this."— Presentation transcript:
1Bell Ringer“So far as man thinks, he is free. Thought takes man out of servitude into freedom.”-Ralph Waldo EmersonWhat does he mean?How does this pertain postrevolutionary America?
3Historical ContextExpansion of magazines, newspapers, and book publishingSlavery debatesIndustrial Revolution“Old ways” were not working anymore
4Major ConceptsConnection to God through nature; not necessarily through traditional Christian dogmaNature over civilizationImagination over scienceFeeling over reasonAllowed people to re-imagine the American past
6Groups The Pessimists The Optimists - Edgar Allan Poe - Nathaniel Hawthorne- Herman MelvilleThe OptimistsWilliam Cullen BryantEmily DickinsonWalt WhitmanRobert FrostThe Transcendentalists- Ralph Waldo Emerson- Henry David Thoreau
7William Cullen Bryant Poet Editor of New York Evening Post Lawyer Spent five years translatingHomer’s The Iliad and The Odyssey“Thanatopisis” was his firstpublished work.
8Bell RingerBased on what we have read of “Thanatopsis,” what is Bryant’s take on death? Please support your answer. The poem is on page 191.
10Washington Irving Author and Historian Legitimate writer Among first famous Am. Writers“Legend of Sleepy Hollow”Created “Gotham”Created phrase “almighty dollar.”Pseudonym: Diedrich Knickerbocker
11Half piece of paper. Hug a tree. Sit quietly.November 22, 2011
12Mood The overall feeling or atmosphere of a story, play or poem. What is the mood of this story? Why?
13Bell Ringer What would a Puritan’s idea of Thanksgiving be? What about a Romantic’s idea?Please support both answers.Hand your homework up and over.
14Allegory A symbolical narrative Examples: Lord of the Flies – Discusses how culture created by man failsLion King -Tells the story of HamletThe Devil and Tom Walker –??? – Get into groups and figure it out…
15Group WorkPlease read the criticism. From this criticism, please discuss and write answers to the following questions on a separate sheet:Irving’s view on cultureHistory surrounding the storyWhat could TDATW be an allegory for?What is a criticism of TDATW?
16Bell RingerToday’s author belongs to the Optimist sub-group of American Romantic writers. What can we expect from this person’s writing?
17Emily Dickinson Introvert Most famous poetry was published after she diedHeavily editedUnaltered versions published in 1955Lived in seclusionBest writing
18Style Short lines Typically lack titles Unconventional capitalization and punctuation.Specific Themes
19Assignment (Due tomorrow) Full Group:“Because I could not stop for death”Small Groups:“If you were coming in the fall” Both versionsWhat are some differences brought forth by the edits?“Apparently with no surprise”What is the tone of this poem? Support your answer.Individually:“I heard a fly buzz – when I died”What do you expect from the moment when we cannot “see to see” (last moment before death)?Follow these prompts:Please supply a summary (at least one sentence) for each poem.What are common themes across all of Dickinson’s poetry?List 2 literary devices (and examples of each) that Dickinson uses.Do you like Dickinson’s poetry? Why or why not?
20Bell RingerWhat are some buzz words that Emily Dickinson uses to imply her tone? Please supply three examples from yesterday’s poems. Yes, please answer in complete sentences.Homework out, please.
22Assignment (Due tomorrow) Full Group:“Because I could not stop for death”Small Groups:“If you were coming in the fall” Both versionsWhat are some differences brought forth by the edits?“Apparently with no surprise”What is the tone of this poem? Support your answer.Individually:“I heard a fly buzz – when I died”What do you expect from the moment when we cannot “see to see” (last moment before death)?Follow these prompts:Please supply a summary (at least one sentence) for each poem.What are common themes across all of Dickinson’s poetry?List 2 literary devices (and examples of each) that Dickinson uses.Do you like Dickinson’s poetry? Why or why not?
24All our times have come Here but now they're gone Seasons don't fear the reaper Nor do the wind, the sun or the rain..we can be like they are Come on baby...don't fear the reaper Baby take my hand...don't fear the reaper We'll be able to fly...don't fear the reaper Baby I'm your man... Valentine is done Here but now they're gone Romeo and Juliet Are together in eternity...Romeo and Juliet 40,000 men and women everyday...Like Romeo and Juliet 40,000 men and women everyday...Redefine happiness Another 40,000 coming everyday...We can be like they areCome on baby...don't fear the reaper Baby take my hand...don't fear the reaper We'll be able to fly...don't fear the reaper Baby I'm your man... Love of two is one Here but now they're gone Came the last night of sadness And it was clear she couldn't go on Then the door was open and the wind appeared The candles blew then disappeared The curtains flew then he appeared...saying don't be afraid Come on baby...and she had no fear And she ran to him...then they started to fly They looked backward and said goodbye...she had become like they are She had taken his hand...she had become like they are Come on baby...don't fear the reaper
25Bell RingerThis is my letter to the world, That never wrote to me,— The simple news that Nature told, With tender majesty. Her message is committed To hands I cannot see -- For love of her -- sweet -- countrymen, Judge tenderly -- of me. -Emily Dickinson 1. How does this poem differ from others by Dickinson? 2. To whom is the “letter” addressed (hint in blue)? Explain. 3. What is her request of her audience (hint in red)? Explain. 4. Please read Independent Reading book upon completion.
26Bell Ringer“The words of my book nothing, the drift of it everything.” -Walt WhitmanWhat is the “drift” of a book?How does he feel about his own literature?Please read your IRB when you finish.
27Walt Whitman “Father of Free Verse” “Poet of Democracy” Teacher Clerk Volunteer Nurse during the American Civil WarEdited Leaves of Grass from 1850 to his death in 1892
28What others have said about Whitman… "You cannot really understand America without Walt Whitman…” “If you are American, then Walt Whitman is your imaginative father and mother, even if you have never composed a line of verse.” "America's poet... He is America.”
29Bell RingerChoose an experience from your weekend. Write a stanza (4-6 lines) as if it were Whitman who experienced it and wrote about it.
31Definition of Poetic Device Song of Myself33Poetic DeviceDefinition of Poetic DeviceQuoteAlliterationImageryOnomatopoeiaParallel Structure
32Half sheet of paper. Hug a tree. Bell RingerHalf sheet of paper. Hug a tree.
33Bell Ringer Look back on time with kindly eyes, He doubtless did his best;How softly sinks his trembling sunIn human nature’s west!Was this written by Dickinson or Whitman? What, from class discussion, helps you be sure of your answer?
34Bell RingerWhat do you consider to be the primary difference between the writing styles of Whitman and Dickinson? What do you consider to be the primary similarity between the two?
35Do you take good notes…? Let’s find out. Quick check for understanding 15 pointsOpen notes
36Please have your homework out and be ready for discussion. Bell RingerPlease have your homework out and be ready for discussion.
37Dark Romantics (Pessimists) Man is “prone to sin and self destruct”Often write about people’s failure to changeGuilt and suspicionApparent facial hair competition
38Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864) First works published anonymouslyReclusiveHistorical RomancePsychological ThemesSymbolismDespised Transcendtalism
39Education?“I was educated (as the phrase is) at Bowdoin College. I was an idle student, negligent of college rules and the Procrustean details of academic life, rather choosing to nurse my own fancies than to dig into Greek roots and be numbered among the learned Thebans.” -Nathaniel Hawthorne
40Bell RingerWhat are three key concepts/philosophies that can be found in most Dark Romantic Writing?
42Bell RingerNathaniel Hawthorne is known for having “psychological themes” in his writings. What is a psychological theme of “The Minister’s Black Veil?” Please supply the theme and explain what it means to us, as readers. What statement is Hawthorne making about humans, in general?
43Minister’s Black Veil Yesterday’s notes Worksheet Dark Romantic? Symbols?Allegory?Worksheet
44Bell RingerHappiness is a butterfly, which when pursued, is always just beyond your grasp, but which, if you will sit down quietly, may alight upon you.-Nathaniel HawthorneWhat does this quote mean? Do you agree or disagree with Hawthorne? Why or why not?
45Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment What do all of his friends have in common?Discuss each character’s situation.What is the experiment?
46Actions After the Second Round Character Changes?CharacterBack StoryActions After the Second RoundColonel KilligrewMr. GascoigneMr. MedbourneWidow WycherlyDescribe the scene after the third round.
47Bell RingerGothic language is an author’s use of descriptive, dark or grotesque language to paint an image for his or her reader. (Write this down somewhere) Please supply an example of gothic language from Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment.
48Actions After the Second Round Character Changes?CharacterBack StoryActions After the Second RoundColonel KilligrewMr. GascoigneMr. MedbourneWidow WycherlyDescribe the scene after the third round.
49Hmmm… Allegory? Wrath Greed Sloth Pride Lust Envy Gluttony Try to figure out how these concepts all fit into Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment.
50Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) Master of Psychological Thriller Poor Orphaned youngMarried his 13 year old cousin – she died soon after.Found dead at age 40 – no one knows how he died.
51Bell Ringer“I became insane, with long intervals of horrible sanity.” -Edgar Allan PoeWhat is he saying?What does it mean to be “sane?”How do you feel about Poe’s take on sanity? Explain.
53Bell RingerAt what point, during The Pit and the Pendulum, did you feel the most affected by the story? Basically, what was your “favorite” part? Why did it affect you? Once finished, read your IR book.
54Pit and the Pendulum Go over class/homework Imagery Poe and the Spanish Inquisition?
59Bell RingerAhab and Starbuck have a disagreement on page 332. About what is this disagreement? How does each feel about it?*Proposals for IR projects are due Friday
60Moby DickWhat can you infer about Ahab, as a character, when he says, “Talk not to me of blasphemy, man. I’d strike the sun if it insulted me” on page 333.What does the whale represent?What are some of America’s “whales”? Explain.Explain Ahab’s metaphor, comparing visible objects to “pasteboard masks” on page 332. What does he mean when he says to “strike through the mask”?
61Bell Ringer“It is not desirable to cultivate a respect for the law, so much as for the right.” Henry David ThoreauWhat does he mean?Do you agree? Why or why not?
62Transcendentalists Not down with the state of society Man and Nature are naturally good and intertwinedPolitics and religion corrupt purity of individualsTruth comes from inner spiritual or mental essence of humans
63Henry David Thoreau (1817 – 1862) Close Natural ObservationPersonal ExperienceAbolitionistCivil DisobedienceAccused of being Anarchist
64Walden Directions: 3 Groups Where I Lived and What I lived for; Solitude; The Bean Fields (These are shorter)Brute NeighborsConclusionFor your part(s):Read as a groupCopy down notable quotesAnalyze the quotesSummarizeChoose a spokesperson*Everyone take notes. I will collect a random person’s notes from each group.
65Bell Ringer“I have always been regretting that I was not as wise as the day I was born.” Henry David ThoreauHow does this make any sense? What is he talking about?Is it typical Thoreau? Why or why not?
66Agenda Groups – Finish Assignment Discussion/Presentations Civil Disobedience (Packet)
67Bell Ringer“Knowledge is knowing that we cannot know.” -Ralph Waldo Emerson What does he mean? Agree or disagree? Why or why not?