2 Anticipation Guide For each statement, indicate whether you agree or disagree and explain your reasons.Spirituality is more important to me than worldly experience.I am more concerned with this life than the next.I see God in all things.I believe rational thinking (thinking based on science and logic)is more reliable than intuitive thinking (thinking based on emotion and perception).I think society is usually wrong about most things.I don’t think it is right to break any law – even an unjust law.
3 Vocabulary (in binder) Philosophy (n)- Love and search of wisdomRational (v)- having reason or understandingIntuition (n) – feeling or “gut” instinctCivil Disobedience- non violent refusal to obey authority
4 Transcendentalism Transcendentalism is – a major American literary movementa philosophy- love and search for wisdoma state of minda form of spiritualityIt is NOT a religion; it can be applied to different faithsBasic assumption: Intuition, rather than rationality, is the means for understanding the connection between yourself, the world, and God.
5 History Transcendentalism is deeply rooted in American history: inspired by the deep morality of the Puritans and Quakersassociated with Romanticism – an artistic movement that valued individuality, emotion, and nature over reason and society.Most well-know transcendentalist writers:Ralph Waldo EmersonHenry David ThoreauMargret Fuller
6 Basic Transcendentalist Ideas The individual is the center of the universeIndividual happiness depends on self-realizationEvery individual should be respectedGod is within all of usGod is found in nature and human natureThere is a relationship between all thingsNature is symbolic - a living mystery full of signsMiracles are all around usPeople should be more concerned with this life than the nextDeath should not be fearedPeople should not be afraid to change their mindsPeople must be self-reliant and independentThe logic of society is often wrong
7 Legacy of Transcendentalism Influenced American writers:Edgar Allan PoeNathaniel HawthorneHerman MelvilleWalt WhitmanEmily DickinsonHenry David ThoreauRalph Waldo EmersonInfluenced the idea of civil disobedienceGandhiMLKInfluenced 1960’s movementsHippiesAnti-war movementBlack Power movementFeminism