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“Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” By Jonathon Edwards.

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Presentation on theme: "“Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” By Jonathon Edwards."— Presentation transcript:

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2 “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” By Jonathon Edwards

3 incensed adj.: infuriated; angry. inconceivable adj.: unimaginable; beyond understanding. loathsome adj.: arousing hatred. prudence n.: carefulness. from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Vocabulary mitigation n.: moderation; softening.

4 The word incensed means “infuriated” or “angry.” The incensed animal chattered loudly and rattled its cage to show its agitation. What might have caused such a reaction? from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Vocabulary a storm? hunger? animal noises?

5 Incensed by his plummeting stocks, Mr. Wilkes demanded a meeting with his financial advisor. Which of these words best describes Mr. Wilkes? a. ecstatic b. embarrassed c. furious from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Vocabulary

6 The word prudence means “carefulness.” Known for his prudence and enthusiasm, Ricky has become the favored neighborhood babysitter. Do you think Ricky uses good judgment when on the job? from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Vocabulary

7 Much to her parents’ surprise, Janice demonstrated financial prudence in her first semester at college. Which of these does not sound like something Janice would do? from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Vocabulary a. invest in a “get rich quick” scheme b. follow a monthly budget c. buy merchandise at thrift shops

8 If something is inconceivable, it is unimaginable or beyond understanding. Gilbert stunned the crowd with his inconceivable victory against all odds. Was Gilbert favored to win? from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Vocabulary

9 There is an inconceivable weather pattern moving across the tip of southern Florida. Which of these scenes could be part of that weather pattern? from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Vocabulary A B C

10 The word loathsome means “arousing hatred.” Loathsome feelings resulted in damage to the car’s windshield. Was the damage a product of good will or of ill intent? from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Vocabulary

11 “Will my grade be affected if I refuse to handle loathsome creatures?” Jerome asked his biology teacher. To which of these creatures might Jerome be referring? from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Vocabulary A BC

12 Mass transit has provided a welcome mitigation of our city’s terrible traffic congestion. The word mitigation means “moderation” or “softening.” Why was mass transit a good choice for the city? from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Vocabulary

13 The condemned criminal begged the judge for a mitigation of his sentence. What is the criminal requesting? from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Vocabulary a. a less severe sentence b. the opportunity to testify c. a new jury trial [End of Section]

14 How can people’s beliefs affect their actions? from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God by Jonathan Edwards The Granger Collection, New York

15 Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758) was not merely a stern zealous preacher. He was a brilliant, thoughtful, and complicated man. Science, reason, and observation of the physical world confirmed Edwards’s deeply spiritual vision of a universe filled with the presence of God. from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Meet the Writer

16 Jonathan Edwards delivered this sermon at a time when colonists started to find answers to life’s questions through science... rather than religion. from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Build Background The Granger Collection, New York

17 Some Puritans were abandoning their faith and not attending regular church services. In order to boost church membership, Puritan officials had softened the rules and, in Edwards’s mind, allowed less-than-desirable candidates to join the church. from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Build Background

18 knew about the Gospel, that is, the biblical accounts of Jesus’ ministry, death, and resurrection The “natural men” Edwards was trying to awaken were those in the congregation who had never made a personal commitment to Jesus were complacent in their religious tradition [End of Section] from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Build Background

19 “O Sinner! Consider the fearful danger you are in: It is a great furnace of wrath, a wide and bottomless pit, full of the fire of wrath...” from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Introducing the Sermon

20 In this fire-and-brimstone sermon, Edwards uses the metaphor of fire to link his listeners’ experience of fire to the idea of burning in the fires of Hell because of their sins. [End of Section] from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Introducing the Sermon

21 Writers often create vivid experiences for their readers by using imagery, language that appeals to the senses. from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Literary Focus: Imagery Imagery describes tastes sights textures sounds smells

22 In his sermon, Edwards uses terrifying imagery. He wants his listeners to experience the horrors he believes they will encounter if they do not repent of their sins and obey God’s laws. from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Literary Focus: Imagery “The devil is waiting for them, hell is gaping for them, the flames gather and flash about them, and would fain lay hold on them, and swallow them up....” [End of Section]

23 Find It in Your Reading Edwards uses repetition to emphasize his points. Consider how repetition might affect a listener and how it contributes to Edwards’s purpose. “... held in the hand of God, over the pit of hell; they have deserved the fiery pit, and are already sentenced to it....” As you read, record images and words that Edwards uses repeatedly, such as wrath and descriptions of “the pit of hell.” “... are actually suffering the fierceness of His wrath in hell....” from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Literary Focus: Repetition

24 The author’s purpose is the reason that he or she is writing. Authors may write from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Reading Focus: Identifying Author’s Purpose to inform to persuade to entertain to express oneself

25 Sometimes an author states his or her purpose directly. from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Reading Focus: Identifying Author’s Purpose Other times, readers identify an author’s purpose by paying close attention to the details and images in the selection. As you read, think about how and why the images are used. Consider what reactions Edwards might want from his readers. The Granger Collection, New York O sinner! Consider the fearful danger you are in....

26 Into Action: Use a chart to record Edwards’s images and explore how they help him achieve his purpose. [End of Section] Into Action: Author’s Purpose Chart How/Why It’s Used Image “the flames gather and flash about them....” to show what will happen to “natural men” I find the image frightening. from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Reading Focus: Identifying Author’s Purpose My Reaction

27 Literary Terms Write the terms and definitions (pp. 95,105) -Metaphor -Implied Metaphor -Inversion -Imagery -Author's Purpose -Repetition Reading Focus (pp. 105 and 112) As you read, use this chart to record Edwards’s images and explore how they help him to achieve his purpose. After reading, highlight patterns and write a sentence that identifies the author’s overall purpose. Study Sheet for “The Puritan Worldview” Selections (pp.93-115) FrontBack Think Critically - Answer the questions using the P.I.E. format: (Point, Information, Explanation) 1. Why do you think people were persuaded to change their lives as a result of Edwards’ sermon? (Consider what he wants them to do and why, and the emotions he appeals to in the first and last paragraphs) 2. What conclusions can you draw about the spiritual beliefs and values of the people who belonged to Edwards’s congregation? Extend Interpretation - Create two extended examples: (Point, Information, Explanation, Transition Word or Phrase, Point, Information, Explanation) 3. In your view, is Jonathan Edwards’s conception of God consistent with Anne Bradstreet’s conception of God? Image How/Why It’s Used My Reaction


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