Presentation on theme: "from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God by Jonathan Edwards"— Presentation transcript:
1from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God by Jonathan Edwards Feature MenuIntroducing the SermonLiterary Focus: Figures of Speech
2from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God by Jonathan Edwards O Sinner! Consider the fearful danger you are in: It is a great furnace of wrath, a wide and bottomless pit, full of the fire of wrath . . .
3from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God by Jonathan Edwards Introducing the sermonThis is Edwards’s most famous sermon, delivered in Edwards, like English philosopher John Locke ( ), believed thateverything we know comes from experienceunderstanding and feeling are two distinct kinds of knowledge
4from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God by Jonathan Edwards In this fire-and-brimstone sermon, Edwards uses the metaphor of fire to link his listeners’ experience of fire to the idea of burning in the fires of Hell because of their sins.How do you think Edwards would change his sermon if he were preaching today?[End of Section]
5from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Literary Focus: Figures of Speech Figures of speech are words or phrases that compare one thing to another, unlike thing.Edwards uses figures of speech to compare God’s wrath to ordinary, everyday things that his listeners could relate to and understand.
6from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Literary Focus: Figures of Speech Edwards uses personification to focus his audience’s attention.Hell has a mouth and hands.God has hands.
7from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Literary Focus: Figures of Speech Edwards uses the metaphor of God as an archer.The flight of an arrow is compared to the swiftness of God’s justice.[End of Section]
8from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Background The “natural men” Edwards was trying to awaken were those in the congregation whoknew about the Gospel, that is, the biblical accounts of Jesus’ ministry, death, and resurrectionhad never made a personal commitment to Jesuswere complacent in their religious tradition[End of Section]
10from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Quickwrite Make the ConnectionMany people would agree that fear is one of the most powerful motivators of human behavior. Fear of injury makes us buckle our seat belts. Fear of failure makes us study or work harder. Edwards and other pastors used harsh warnings in their sermons to make “sinners” understand the precariousness of their situation by actually feeling the fear and horror of their sinful state. Do you think fear is a great motivator? Write about what motivates you and whether you would use fear to motivate someone else.[End of Section]
12from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Vocabulary Previewing the Vocabularyprovoked v. used as adj.: angeredappease v.: calm; satisfyconstitution n.: physical conditioncontrivance n.: scheme; planinconceivable adj.: unimaginable; beyond understandingomnipotent adj.: all-powerful
13from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Vocabulary Previewing the Vocabularyabhors v.: scorns; hatesabominable adj.: disgusting; loathsomeascribed v.: regarded as coming from a certain causeinduce v.: persuade; force; cause
14from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Vocabulary Vocabulary Activity: SynonymsMatch the synonyms in the left-hand column with the Vocabulary words in the right.enraged ___unimaginable ___attributed ___satisfy ___all-powerful ___persuade ___ea. omnipotentb. inducec. inconceivabled. appeasee. provokedf. ascribedcfdab[End of Section]
16from Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Meet the Writer Jonathan Edwards (1703–1758) was not merely a stern, zealous preacher. He was a brilliant, thoughtful, and complicated man. Science, reason, and observation of the physical world confirmed Edwards’s deeply spiritual vision of a universe filled with the presence of God.More About the Writer[End of Section]