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Do Now Think about a time you tried to change someone’s mind. Did you use a gentle approach, scare tactics, or something in between? Have you ever persuaded.

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Presentation on theme: "Do Now Think about a time you tried to change someone’s mind. Did you use a gentle approach, scare tactics, or something in between? Have you ever persuaded."— Presentation transcript:

1 Do Now Think about a time you tried to change someone’s mind. Did you use a gentle approach, scare tactics, or something in between? Have you ever persuaded someone to do something or share your same belief? How did you do it? What was the outcome? Think about a time you tried to change someone’s mind. Did you use a gentle approach, scare tactics, or something in between? Have you ever persuaded someone to do something or share your same belief? How did you do it? What was the outcome?

2 “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” by Jonathan Edwards

3 Background Information Important role in the shaping of The Great Awakening ( ( Grandfather of Aaron Burr Was the fifth of eleven children He entered Yale College in 1716, at just under the age of thirteen. He was a scholar-pastor his rule being thirteen hours of study a day. Important role in the shaping of The Great Awakening ( ( Grandfather of Aaron Burr Was the fifth of eleven children He entered Yale College in 1716, at just under the age of thirteen. He was a scholar-pastor his rule being thirteen hours of study a day.

4 The Great Awakening In 1740 the well-known British evangelist George Whitefield joined with Jonathan Edwards to spark a religious revival that swept New England. The Great Awakening was a backlash against what many believed was a church that had grown far too lenient.

5 Edwards preached a return to Calvinism which stressed predestination, the belief that only a select few chosen by God would be saved. No individual could earn grace by doing good deeds, so everyone was equally powerless to control their own fate.

6 “Fire and Brimstone” tradition

7 Literary Elements Metaphor – a figure of speech that compares or equates two seemingly unlike things. In contrast to a simile, a metaphor implies the comparison instead of stating it directly; hence there is no use of connectives such as like or as.

8 Literary Elements Imagery – The “word pictures” that writers create to evoke an emotional response. In creating effective images, writers use sensory details. Imagery – The “word pictures” that writers create to evoke an emotional response. In creating effective images, writers use sensory details.

9 Literary Elements Repetition – The recurrence of sounds, words, phrases, lines, or stanzas in a speech or piece of writing. Repetition increases the sense of unity in a work and can call attention to particular ideas. Repetition – The recurrence of sounds, words, phrases, lines, or stanzas in a speech or piece of writing. Repetition increases the sense of unity in a work and can call attention to particular ideas.

10 Literary Elements Sensory details – Evocative words or phrases that appeal to one or more of the five senses—sight, sound, smell, touch, or taste.

11 Religion in the Colonies zzV0MU zzV0MU zzV0MU zzV0MU

12 Analyze the Title Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God

13 Analyze the Title Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God

14 Analyze the Title Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God

15 Analyze the Title Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God

16 Cultural Note As a Calvinist, Jonathan Edwards believed that some people were favored by God and others were not. This belief was interpreted by some to mean that worldly success was a sign of God’s favor. Many believed that one way God rewarded people for their repentance and pious behavior was with earthly goods. What is wrong with this assumption? As a Calvinist, Jonathan Edwards believed that some people were favored by God and others were not. This belief was interpreted by some to mean that worldly success was a sign of God’s favor. Many believed that one way God rewarded people for their repentance and pious behavior was with earthly goods. What is wrong with this assumption?

17 Visualize the Story As you read, visualize the faces on the congregation as they listen to the speech. How might they react? Could their outward reactions tell how they are reacting inwardly? As you read, visualize the faces on the congregation as they listen to the speech. How might they react? Could their outward reactions tell how they are reacting inwardly?

18 Let’s Read! Open to page 98

19 Exit Slip Sticky Note What distinctive characteristic do you remember from todays reading? What was the point of Edwards' sermon?

20 “…indeed these things are nothing; if God should withdraw his hand, they would avail no more to keep you from falling, than the thin air to hold up a person that is suspended in it”

21 “…all your righteousness, would have no more influence to uphold you and keep you out of hell, than a spider’s web would have to stop a falling rock.”

22

23 Repetition Edwards repeats the word nothing several times. What effect does this have? It emphasizes that there is nothing the natural man can do to save himself. Edwards repeats the word nothing several times. What effect does this have? It emphasizes that there is nothing the natural man can do to save himself.

24 Theme of the Selection? It’s time to turn so you don’t burn!

25 Literary Elements: Imagery Edward’s sermon is filled with images meant to frighten listeners into seeking God and avoiding hell. 1.What frightening images occur in the first two paragraphs? To what senses do they appeal? Images of a fiery pit and lake of brimstone appeal to sight and touch. Edward’s sermon is filled with images meant to frighten listeners into seeking God and avoiding hell. 1.What frightening images occur in the first two paragraphs? To what senses do they appeal? Images of a fiery pit and lake of brimstone appeal to sight and touch.

26 Literary Elements: Imagery 2. What sensory details does Edwards include in the fourth paragraph? What effect does the imagery have on the reader? The weight of sin will make the sinner fall. The images frighten and intimidate. 2. What sensory details does Edwards include in the fourth paragraph? What effect does the imagery have on the reader? The weight of sin will make the sinner fall. The images frighten and intimidate.

27 Literary Elements: Imagery 3. List five additional images in the sermon, each of which appeals to a different sense. Bow and arrow of God’s wrath Souls born again The sinner held over hell like a spider A sinner who is like a venomous serpent Hell as a great furnace 3. List five additional images in the sermon, each of which appeals to a different sense. Bow and arrow of God’s wrath Souls born again The sinner held over hell like a spider A sinner who is like a venomous serpent Hell as a great furnace

28 Interdisciplinary Activity: Art Choose a passage from Edwards’s sermon that contains vivid imagery, such as his comparison of sinners to “the most hateful and venomous serpent.” Sketch the passage.


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