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Define the following and provide an example of each. Simile - Metaphor – Personification – A figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between.

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Presentation on theme: "Define the following and provide an example of each. Simile - Metaphor – Personification – A figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between."— Presentation transcript:

1 Define the following and provide an example of each. Simile - Metaphor – Personification – A figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between two unlike things using like, as, than, or resembles A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without using like, as, than, or resembles A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

2  What keeps people in line?

3 Most known for his revivals of 1734 and 1740–41, the latter of which came to be known as the Great Awakening. Beliefs:  Public profession of faith was a qualification not only for Holy Communion but also for church membership. He accepted an appointment as President of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton) in Instigated the Salem Witch Trials He died from complications arising from a smallpox inoculation on March 22, 1758

4  Sermon delivered Wednesday, July 8, 1741  Revivals created -clergy noticed a sort of spiritual lethargy.  Clergy banded together to stoke the fires.  The sermon explains how God is angry with sinners, yet at the same time has mercy on them. This is why they are not in hell (yet). It is only the grace and mercy of God that keeps sinners out of hell. Response from the Audience  “He preached a most awakening Sermon… Before [the] Sermon was done there was a great moaning and crying out throughout the whole house: what Shall I do to be Saved--oh I am going to Hell--of what shall I do. The Shreiks and crys were piercing and amazing” (qtd. in Medlicott 218).

5  The person or persons who are intended to read a piece of writing.  The intended audience of a work determines its form, style, tone, and the details included.

6  An indirect reference to a person, place, event, or literary work with which the author believes the reader to be familiar. Example: “Betrayed with a kiss”—an allusion to the Apostle Judas, who betrayed Jesus by kissing him.

7  Author’s purpose refers to the reasons why the author is writing a piece of text. Inform / Present information Explain Give directions Illustrate Persuade Narrate

8  Messages designed to persuade an audience by creating strong feelings such as:  Fear  Pity  Guilt

9  Complete the Vocabulary in Context on page 131 of the text (1-10). These words are your responsibility to know.

10  Read Edwards’s sermon on pages As you read jot down the different emotional appeals Edwards uses to persuade his congregation.

11  How does Edwards use biblical allusions in the text to motivate his audience?  What is a constant threat to mankind according to Edwards?  What must sinners do to be spared God’s wrath?

12  As you watch Obama’s speech, jot down any differences you see or hear.  Speech url: kMBwms kMBwms  Read over the text of Obama’s speech and compare it to Edwards’s sermon. What speech is more motivational to you? Explain your answer with textual evidence.

13 EDWARDS OBAMA


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