Presentation on theme: "THE APACHES By Mate Borka. Name origins Apache means “enemy” in the language of the Zuni (they were neighbors) In their own language Nde or Ndee which."— Presentation transcript:
Name origins Apache means “enemy” in the language of the Zuni (they were neighbors) In their own language Nde or Ndee which mean “people” Today they call themselves Apache even in their own language
Accommodation Natives of the Southwest deserts (Arizona, New Mexico and Texas) Some Apache people could be also found around the northern border of Mexico. One Apache band, the Na'ishan or Plains Apache, lived far away from the other Apaches, in what is now Oklahoma.
Accommodation In the South West they lived in so called wickiups.
Accommodation However, Plain Apaches and Lipan Apaches lived in tipis (teepees).
Clothing Women wore buckskin dresses. Men wore leather war shirts and breechcloths.
Clothing From the 1800’s men started to wear white cotton tunics and pants and women put on calico skirts and dresses.
Food Although they were not farmers, they ate corn. They got it by trade or from raids. Favorite Apache recipes: cornbread acorn stew
Customs/Organization Thirteen different Apache tribes in the United States today: five in Arizona, five in New Mexico three in Oklahoma. Apache bands were led by their own chiefs, who were chosen by a tribal council. Important decisions were made by the council. All the Apache council members had to agree before an action could be taken.
Customs/Organization Women were in charge of the home. Looked after the children Responsible for building new houses each time they moved Defended their home if it was necessary
Customs/Organization Men were: hunters warriors political leaders Only men could be chiefs.
Religion They believed that spirits lived among them. They thought that spirits lived in mountains, streams, etc.
Religion Mountain Spirit Dance: They were praying to their ancestors. Apache Fiddle – Bow and One String: As its name suggests, they put a string on a bow and used it as an instrument during ceremonial dances.
And nowadays? However, some people, who stick to the old Apache religion, live in modified wickiups as when death occurs in the family, the accommodation has to burn and they have to build a new home. Most Apache tribes still use the council system for their government today.