Presentation on theme: "The tribes that we know for sure that lived in the Painted Rocks area are the Jumano’s, Apache’s, and the Comanche’s."— Presentation transcript:
The tribes that we know for sure that lived in the Painted Rocks area are the Jumano’s, Apache’s, and the Comanche’s.
Although the Jumano Indians ranged over most of Northern Mexico and New Mexico, their most enduring territorial base was located in Central Texas between the lower Pecos River and the Colorado. Spanish explorers sometimes called the Jumanos the “naked” Indians because most of the time they were naked. However, when they did wear clothes, both the men and the women wore garments and shoes (which were probably moccasins) of tanned skins. They also wore capes or clothes for weather protection purposes. The women would wear brief skirts or aprons and short sleeveless tunics. Typically, the women would have long hair and would usually wear it in braids. The men wore tunics and buffalo hide leggings. They would have short hair, and they would usually paint all of it exept for one strip of hair. They would usually use that strip of hair for when they tied on a feather. The Jumanos were characterized as the ravado people (the striped people) because they would have tattoos or some combination of scarification and paint. They would do that because whenever they went to another tribe to trade they would be easily recognizable.
The word Apache is believed to come from a Zuni word meaning “enemy”, and the word enemy is a great word to describe the Apaches because were a hostile group of Indians. Although the Apaches liked to fight, they actually only raided villages when the food was scarce. They did it to give their family food. At other times, the Apaches did not fight at all. They moved from camp to camp in pursuit of deer and buffalo, collecting roots and berries on their way. When the Apaches first started out as a tribe the men wore deerskin shirts, leggings, and moccasins. The Apache women wore short deerskin skirts and high boot top moccasins. In the 1800’s, the Apache men saw what the Settlers were wearing and started wearing white cotton tunics and pants. The Apache women then began wearing calico skirts and dresses.
The Comanches were fierce warriors who lived in the southern plains (from Nebraska to central Texas.) Before the Comanche's arrived in Texas, the Jumano Indians and Apache Indians had lived in the Southern Plains. In order to move into this area, the Comanches had to drive out the other tribes; so they did. The male Comanche Indians wore loin clothes, leather apparel, and clothing made from animal skins (mainly buffalo). The women wore deerskin or broadcloth dresses with wide open sleeves. They also would wear a skirt that fell just below the knees and moccasins that came up calf level.