2 1. Utah’s tribes are the Ute, Navajo, Shoshone, Paiute and Goshute. A 1. Utah’s tribes are the Ute, Navajo, Shoshone, Paiute and Goshute. A. The largest tribe in Utah is the Ute tribe. B. Each tribe had a unique culture because they all came from different places. C. They all speak different languages, worshipped differently and had different rituals, dances and ceremonies. D. Shoshone, Goshute, Ute, and Paiute people live in Utah beginning in A.DUtah’s 5 Tribes
4 2. Indians relied on the land for survival. A 2. Indians relied on the land for survival. A. They got their food by hunting large and small game, and by gathering seeds and nuts.The Land
5 3. The Utes lived in the valleys by mountains and lakes. A 3. The Utes lived in the valleys by mountains and lakes. A. The Ute’s called themselves the “Nuche”. B. They used horses to hunt buffalo, antelope and deer.The Ute Indians
6 4. The Shoshones also had horses and hunted and gathered like the Utes 4. The Shoshones also had horses and hunted and gathered like the Utes. A. They lived in the mountain and valleys of Northern Utah and Idaho. B. The Shoshone people lived in tepees just like the Utes.The Shoshone
7 5. The Navajo’s called themselves the “Dine” 5. The Navajo’s called themselves the “Dine”. This means “the people” in the Navajo language. A. They lived in the dry regions of southern Utah B. They raised sheep and goats. C. The Navajos had horses, but got them later than the Ute’s.The Navajo
8 6. The Paiutes and the Goshutes also lived in very dry regions. A 6. The Paiutes and the Goshutes also lived in very dry regions. A. They did not use horses to help them hunt. B. Paiutes irrigated crops of corn, beans, squash, and even wheat. C. The Goshutes are known as “Root Diggers”. 1. They found uses for more than 100 different kinds of desert plants.The Paiute and Goshute
9 A. Our historic tribes did not all live in the same types of houses. B A. Our historic tribes did not all live in the same types of houses. B. The Navajos lived in a Hogan. C. The Hogan was a symbol of a spiritual connection with Mother Earth. D. Paiutes and Goshutes: lived in wicki-ups. 1. Wicki-ups = summer shelter 2. Mountain Caves = winter shelter E. Utes and Shoshone lived in tepees made of buffalo skin. 1. Tepees could be taken down and carried like tents.SHELTER
10 Traditional wood-framed Hogan Usually layered with mud inside and out for added protection from cold and heat.
11 Teepee Easily taken down and moved if necessary.
12 Wicki-up Summer shelter for Paiute and Goshute.
13 A. Our tribes had different ways of dressing A. Our tribes had different ways of dressing. Utes and Shoshone wore animal skins. 1. They also wove different grasses and bark to make clothes. B. The Navajos used wool to make yarn. 1. They used yarn to make clothes, rugs, blankets and cloth. C. The Goshutes lived in the hot desert regions and did not need many clothes in the summer. 1. Men wore breechcloths and the women wore grass skirts.CLOTHING
16 Goshute and Paiute Breechcloth and grass skirts
17 Pioneers and Trading Posts D. The Paiute people also wore few clothes. 1. They wore clothes similar to the Goshutes. E. When pioneer settlers came, they opened trading posts where they sold cotton shirts, pants and dresses to American Indians.Pioneers and Trading Posts
18 A. Utah’s American Indians were spiritual people A. Utah’s American Indians were spiritual people. Some Indians believed in one god. God’s power was present in all things, especially nature. B. Other Indians believed in more than many gods, or many spirits. C. An important part of religion for Indian people was the reverence and respect for nature. D. Utah’s Indians believed there was magic and power in singing and dancing.RELIGION