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Bell Ringer (4/5 & 4/8) Get your map out to turn in if you have not completed and turned it in already Questions List four multinational organizations.

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Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer (4/5 & 4/8) Get your map out to turn in if you have not completed and turned it in already Questions List four multinational organizations."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bell Ringer (4/5 & 4/8) Get your map out to turn in if you have not completed and turned it in already Questions List four multinational organizations that were created following WWII. List two countries involved in NATO. List two countries involved in the Warsaw Pact.

2 VOCAB REVIEW TAKE OUT YOUR VOCAB ORGANIZER AND CHECK YOUR ANSWERS/ADD INFORMATION

3 Rise of Communism in China

4 Two Chinas 1.People’s Republic of China – the Communist state on the mainland of Asia 2.Republic of China (Taiwan) – non- communist island off the coast of Asia

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6 Communists Rise to Power 1.China in the 1 st half of the century = Warlords and Conflict 2.Chiang Kai-shek & the Guomindang (Nationalist Party) 3.Mao Zedong and the Communists 1. China in the 1 st half of the 20 th Century: Warlords & Conflict 2. Chiang Kai-shek & the Guomindang (Nationalist Party) 3. Mao Zedong & the Communists 4. Nationalists v Communists 5. The Long March 6. End of the Civil War- communist victory & Nationalist retreat to Taiwan

7 Vocab Check: Mao Zedong Leader of Chinese Communist Party ( ) Led Communists on Long March Rebuilt party and Red Army during Japanese occupation of China

8 Communists Rise to Power 1.China in the 1 st half of the century = Warlords and Conflict 2.Chiang Kai-shek & the Guomindang (Nationalist Party) 3.Mao Zedong and the Communists 4.Nationalists v. Communists 5.The Long March

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10 Communists Rise to Power 1.China in the 1 st half of the century = Warlords and Conflict 2.Chiang Kai-shek & the Guomindang (Nationalist Party) 3.Mao Zedong and the Communists 4.Nationalists v. Communists 5.The Long March 6.End of Civil War – communists victory & Nationalists retreat to Taiwan

11 Why were the Communists Successful? 1.Mao’s promise to give peasants land 2.Mao rejected traditional unequal treatment of women

12 Why were the Communists Successful? 1.Mao’s promise to give peasants land 2.Mao rejected traditional unequal treatment of women 3.Communists use guerilla tactics against Nationalists 4.Belief by Chinese that Nationalist govt. was corrupt 5.Belief that Nationalists allowed too much foreign influence in nation

13 Communism under Mao 1.Literacy Increased 2.Landlord/business classes eliminated 3.Better health care for citizens One party dictatorship - totalitarian No rights PositiveNegative 1. Positive Influences a. Literacy increased b. Landlord & business classes eliminated c. Better health care for the citizens 2. Negative Influences a. One Party Dictatorship- Totalitarian b. No Rights

14 The Great Leap Forward ( ) 1.China Primarily an agricultural country 2.Mao wants to increase agricultural and industrial output 3.Farms turned into communes 4.Set up smelters in all villages to increase iron production 5.Failed miserably – 35 million starved to death & production decreased

15 The Great Leap Forward ( ) 1.China Primarily an agricultural country 2.Mao wants to increase agricultural and industrial output 3.Farms turned into communes 4.Set up smelters in all villages to increase iron production 5.Failed miserably – 35 million starved to death & production decreased

16 Birthrate/Deathrate During the Great Leap Forward

17 Vocab Check: Great Leap Forward (1958) Program begun by Mao Zedong in China to increase agricultural & industrial output

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21 Vocab Check: Cultural Revolution ( ) Uprising in China Led by the Red Guards, with the goal of establishing a society of peasant and workers in which all were equal Goal to renew loyalty to communism and purge China of non-revolutionary tendencies

22 The Cultural Revolution ( ) 1.Mao wanted to purify socialism – eliminate the past 2.Afraid of intellectuals taking over 3.Red Guard – attack on schools and education 4.Many Persecuted 5.Culture is impacted – many deaths/exiled 1.Mao Dies in 1976

23 Deng Xiaoping and Modernization 1.Xiaoping takes over after Mao’s death 2.Stops Cultural Revolution 3.Opens relations with West 4.Four Modernizations to improve 1.Farming 2.technology & science 3.Industry 4.military defense

24 Modernization 1.Economy Grew 2.Rise of standard of living (for some) 3.Foreign relations and trade improved ProsCons 1.Gap between rich and poor widened 2.Protests for more freedom begin

25 Tiananmen Square 1.Chinese want increased freedoms/rights 2.Protest in Tiananmen Square, Beijing 3.Govt. decides this was too dangerous to they sent military to crush protest 4.Thousands jailed/arrested 5.Illustrates order is more important that freedom in China

26 A student displays a banner with one of the slogans chanted by the crowd of some 200,000 pouring into Tiananmen Square, on April 22, 1989 in Beijing. They were attempting to participate in the funeral ceremony of former Chinese Communist Party leader and liberal reformer Hu Yaobang, during an unauthorized demonstration to mourn his death. His death in April triggered an unprecedented wave of pro-democracy demonstrations. (Catherine Henriette/AFP/Getty Images)

27 Thousands of students from local colleges and universities march to Tiananmen Square, Beijing, on May 4, 1989, to demonstrate for government reform. (AP Photo/Mikami)

28 A striking Beijing University student is given first aid by medics at a field hospital in Tiananmen Square, on May 17, 1989, the fourth day of their hunger strike for democracy. (AP Photo/Sadayuki Mikami) A military helicopter drops leaflets above Tiananmen Square which state that the student protesters should leave the Square as soon as possible, on May 22, (Reuters/Shunsuke Akatsuka) Workmen try to drape the portrait of Mao Tse-tung in Beijing's Tiananmen Square after it was pelted with paint, on May 23, 1989.(Reuters/Ed Nachtrieb)

29 A citizen stands passively in front of Chinese tanks in this June 5, 1989, photo taken during the crushing of the Tiananmen Square uprising. (Reuters/Arthur Tsang)

30 Review Question 1.The Tiananmen Square massacre in China was a reaction to A.Deng Xiaoping’s plan to revive the Cultural Revolution. B.demands for greater individual rights and freedom of expression. C.China’s decision to seek western inventions. D.Britain’s decision to return Hong Kong to China.

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