Presentation on theme: "Nationalist interests for the Vietnamese against the Imperial US forces Easy and fast trading The United States sided with Israel and the USSR sided with."— Presentation transcript:
Nationalist interests for the Vietnamese against the Imperial US forces Easy and fast trading The United States sided with Israel and the USSR sided with the Arab nations Why is the middle east conflict between Palestine and Israel considered a part of the Cold War? While the US considered the Vietnam war, a war against Communism, for Ho Chi Minh it was really a war between what? The Middle East is placed along many waterways, what advantage does this give the area?
Last time we were in China… Mao Zedong and his communists were on the Long March to escape persecution. The Communist goals were put aside when Japan invaded in 1935 and throughout WWII
After WWII Mao Zedong wins control of China and implements Communism: People’s Republic of China 1949 What do we know about communism? -Totalitarian control -Government owns “means of production” -In China- led by peasants not proletariat
Modernizing China -Builds factories, roads and schools -Peasants given land and landlords punished -Confucianism is replaced with communist doctrine -School children learn to praise Mao -Doctors bring basic medical knowledge and hygiene to rural peasants -Women are equal and work alongside men- nurseries are opened for children
“Great Leap Forward” Mao began his “Great Leap Forward” program to increase farm and factory output (Similar to Stalin’s 5 year plans) by organizing China into Communes Communes were thousands of acres and included several villages, factories, schools and 20,000+ people
Disaster The Great Leap Forward failed miserably -30 Million die from 1959-1961 due to Famine -Factories produced low quality goods
During the Long March the communists took care of the peasants The Government Socialism Great Leap Forward Stalin had the 5 year plans; What was Chairman Mao’s modernization program called? How did Mao gain the support of the peasants? Who owns the means of production in a communist nation? What is another name for this?
Cultural Revolution In 1966 Mao began the “Great Proletariat Cultural Revolution” Goal was to get rid of bourgeoisie influences in the Government and Factories Mao urged youths to experience and participate in the Revolution- He called them his Red Guard
Red Guards Mao used youth to lead the Cultural Revolution. Each was issued a Red book outlining his ideas The Red Guard attacked anyone they thought to be counter- revolutionary (or against the revolution) Many were publically beaten and robbed. Some killed Chaos followed and the Government, Schools and Factories stopped working.
Red Guard Power 8:08- 10:42 Kids in power accusing parents, teachers, bosses of being anti-revolutionary
China and the Cold War The United States distrusted China, especially after they sided with North Korea The US didn’t recognize the Communist Government until 1979 (30 years after Mao came to power) The Soviets at first helped Mao set up communism in China, but soon disagreements caused the Soviets to withdraw support
After Mao Mao died a national hero in 1976 because he ended foreign domination of China and restored order after WWII Deng Xiaoping takes over China and continues the Communist Revolution. However, Deng Allows for economic reforms and some capitalist ventures
Tiananmen Square Though Deng allowed economic reforms he blocked political reforms he maintained total control By the 1980s many Chinese were asking for political freedom May 1989- protesters filled Tiananmen Square asking for political say, when they refused to leave the government sent in the military and tanks and fired on the crowd. Thousands were killed 2:09+
China’s Government remains communist with capitalist leanings. They do not address human rights in their nation…
Capitalist China China opened up several cities to foreign investors in order to bring investment. These areas are modern, industrial and urban cities. Outside the cities, however, much of China remains rural and struggling.
Review The goal of Mao Zedong’s “Great Leap Forward “policy was to a. Develop foreign export industries in China’s Coastal centers b. Eliminate state owned industries in China c. Modernize China’s economic system by dividing china into communes d. Introduce capitalism to the Chinese Economy
Review A Major goal of the cultural Revolution in China during the 1960s was to a. Restore China to the glory of the Han Dynasty b. Reemphasize Confucian traditional values c. Weaken communist ideas d. Eliminate opposition to Mao Zedong