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China and the Rise of Communism Democracy’s Failed Ground
Kuomintang Power 1911 – Sun Yixian (Chinese Nationalist Movement) overthrows last emperor (Pu Yi)
WWI – Allied Involvement On the Allied side against Germany in WWI Hope to regain lost lands from Germany
Betrayal German territories given to Japan – not China May 4, 1919 – May Fourth Movement – more people turn to communism
An Unlikely Alliance Nationalists (Kuomintang) turn to Communists to help free China Mao Zedong…
Death, & a Sharp Right Turn Sun died in ’25, Chiang Kai-Shek the new leader. Fierce anti- communist…
The Shanghai Massacre, 1927 As Europe leaves, Chiang consolidates power, turns on communists to be unquestioned leader 34 warlords eliminated, and finally communists are targeted
A New War With common enemies gone, Chiang preemptively turns on Mao. War rages through late 1920’s Chiang and Mao in Better Days
1933 – The Long March Cornered, Mao leads retreat for survival. 90K plus start it, 9K finish it. Communism on life support
The Nationalists Distracted - 1933 Japanese invasion of Manchuria (northern China) combined with Depression allow Mao to rest & survive. Japan attacking
Mao Rebuilds Army in WWII Under duress, Kuomintang and US use Mao as an ally. Communists armed and building strength… Mao with US Military in WWII
The Making of Taiwan… 1949 War weakens Kuomintang Suffering turns people to Mao Two Chinas today
People’s Republic of China, 1949
Maoism Only violent revolution could undo China’s feudal past Peasants would comprise the Red Army (too few industrial workers in China). Sought to maintain an isolationist policy
Communist Stability… 1955 Secure with the Korean War over, Mao tries to start communist reform Redistributes land, nationalized industry, collective farms…
1956 - Hundred Flowers Campaign Mao encourages Chinese to openly criticize the government and offer advice Then he turns on the critics and massacres them.
Laogai “Re-education through labor” Live the life of the peasant Work people to death
Great Leap Forward, 1958 Says failures from ’55 because he wasn’t bold enough… Collectives build public works projects Mao’s attempt to catch up with the rest of the world
Fallout from the Great Leap 15-20 million starve to death as government makes steel but no food One of the greatest tragedies of the 20 th century.
Sino-Soviet Split As Khrushchev comes to power, Mao splits with the USSR Foreign policy and border disputes
The Cultural Revolution, 1966 Mao thinks China’s past is holding reform back… Little Red Book All the past is destroyed by the Red Guard Leaders killed
Mao Dies – 1976 (YAY!!! ) 60-80 million dead due to his policies (worst ever tyrant…) China agricultural and backward
How to critique an Absolutist Deng Xiaoping the new leader. Focuses on transitioning from Agriculture to Industry Illegal to criticize Mao or the Government
Market & Social Changes One Child Policy Capitalism slowly encouraged Leads to greater prosperity in the 1990’s Freedom???
One too many Changes… Tiananmen Square, April to June, 1989 100K students protest the government Troops sent in to silence dissent Numbers dead?
Today and the Future… Hoping world forgets Tiananmen Joined WTO and is market driven Tremendous growth New social problems w/o equality Olympics in 2008
In the News… 3 Gorges Dam Globalization’s impact on China Political and Religious Repression still practiced “Torture and Re-education”
The Way out of Poverty? Capitalism!
China and the Rise of Communism Democracy’s Failed Ground.
China and the Rise of Communism Democracy’s Failed Battleground.
COMMUNIST TAKE POWER IN CHINA
A Very Brief History of China: From Empire to Communist Nation. Mao Zedong (Tse-tung)
From Imperialism to Communism to Global Power 1 Cultural Revolution.
China and the Revolution. The End of Chinese Imperial Rule Reasons –foreign influence during Age of Imperialism China abused by Western nations –China.
Communist China SS7H3d Describe the impact of Communism in China in terms of Mao Zedong, the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution, and Tiananmen.
Essential Question: How did the Communists take over China?
CHINESE COMMUNISM. Post-WWII Civil War Resumes Nationalist forces outnumbered Mao’s Communists but Communists had wide support from peasants Rural Chinese.
The People’s Republic of China. Summary of History Long period of Dynasties 1650 BCE-1911CE –Some Great some Weak –Some not truly Chinese Calls for modernization.
Rise of Communist China. China after Qing Dynasty Last Qing Emperor abdicated in 1912 Last Qing Emperor abdicated in 1912 –Sun Yatsen named leader of.
The Last Emperor Henry P'u Yi Coup D’état 1911 Ruling family forced to leave forbidden city in Dies as a gardener in 1967 in Peking (Beijing).
Rise of Communism in China Communist Timeline. Rise of Nationalist Party Sun Yat-sen – Father of Modern China – Led revolution ending Imperial.
Click to begin. CorrectWrongHome China 100 China II JapanPeacePotpourri
Aim: How did Mao Zedong transform China?
2oth Century China Today.
Communist China The rise of Mao Zedong.
Chapter 14 Section 3. Imperial China Collapses Chapter 14 Section 3 Nationalists Overthrow Qing Dynasty 1911: Revolutionary Alliance Nationalist: someone.
China and The Communist Revolution. The End of the Dynasties Dynasties are similar to a monarchy. During the last dynasty the population of China tripled,
Establishing Modern Civilizations CHINA. China Changes 1644-Last and largest dynasty, Qing Dynasty mid-1800’s-China’s population had more than tripled.
20 th Century China Unit 6 Ms. Hunt RMS IB
Chinese History Modern Edition. How did Imperialism Impact China? China tried to shut itself off. Europeans forced China to give them access to their.
China: Dynasty to Communism HWH UNIT 12 CHAPTER 15.4 and 18.3.
CHINA. Communism Spreads East China China Devastated by war Peasants like communism Mao Zedong Hiding out in North, civil war was being fought.
Unit XXIV – 20 th Century China Copyright 2006; C. Pettinato, RCS High School, All Rights Reserved.
Collapse of Chinese Imperial Rule
Asia in the 20 th Century Asia in the 20 th Century China Becomes a Republic China remained a weak, divided nation in the late 19 th and early 20 th.
Learning Target We will describe the impact of Communism in China in terms of Mao Zedong, the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution, and Tiananmen.
China. Dynastic China 13 ruling dynasties from 2100 BC until 1912 AD Early dynasties developed paper, gun powder, working clocks, porcelain and other.
Modern China 1911-Today. Nationalist Movement Dr. Sun Yatsen—leader of the Nationalists Overthrew last emperor 1911 CCP—Chinese Communist Party Long March.
By 1911, the Chinese emperor had lost his political power.
The Emergence of Modern China
China. Nationalists v. Communists Communists opposed Chiang Kai- shek Civil War brakes out in China During WWII both groups in China came together to.
Communism in China AND BEYOND!!!. The Chinese Republic Manchu Dynasty: The last of the Chinese dynasties People were mad that they allowed foreign.
20 th Century China Unit 6 Mr. Hardy RMS IB
COMMUNIST CHINA. What do you remember??? When a stronger nation dominates a weaker nation it is called… What product did Britain sell to the Chinese in.
Imperial China Collapses March 1, Background Early 1900 – Chinese humiliated by foreigners –The majority of Chinese believed modernization and nationalism.
Tomas Chapman, Emily Champagne, Joseph Sears, Taylor Sorge, Josh Gaze.
European Imperialism. The Opium War (1839) Qing Dynasty in decline British force open trade w/ China OPIUM only product Britain had that China wanted.
Nationalism. China Political Parties in China 1920s: Central authority in China ceases 1920s: Central authority in China ceases Nationalist Party: Headed.
The Cold War China.
Chinese Revolution The rise of Communism.
Mao Zedong and Communism in China
Chinese Civil War Resumes Main Idea: Chinese Communists defeated Nationalist forces and two separate Chinas emerge.
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