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China and the Rise of Communism Democracy’s Failed Ground
Kuomintang Power 1911 – Sun Yixian (Chinese Nationalist Movement) overthrows last emperor (Pu Yi)
WWI – Allied Involvement On the Allied side against Germany in WWI Hope to regain lost lands from Germany
Betrayal German territories given to Japan – not China May 4, 1919 – May Fourth Movement – more people turn to communism
An Unlikely Alliance Nationalists (Kuomintang) turn to Communists to help free China Mao Zedong…
Death, & a Sharp Right Turn Sun died in ’25, Chiang Kai-Shek the new leader. Fierce anti- communist…
The Shanghai Massacre, 1927 As Europe leaves, Chiang consolidates power, turns on communists to be unquestioned leader 34 warlords eliminated, and finally communists are targeted
A New War With common enemies gone, Chiang preemptively turns on Mao. War rages through late 1920’s Chiang and Mao in Better Days
1933 – The Long March Cornered, Mao leads retreat for survival. 90K plus start it, 9K finish it. Communism on life support
The Nationalists Distracted Japanese invasion of Manchuria (northern China) combined with Depression allow Mao to rest & survive. Japan attacking
Mao Rebuilds Army in WWII Under duress, Kuomintang and US use Mao as an ally. Communists armed and building strength… Mao with US Military in WWII
The Making of Taiwan… 1949 War weakens Kuomintang Suffering turns people to Mao Two Chinas today
People’s Republic of China, 1949
Maoism Only violent revolution could undo China’s feudal past Peasants would comprise the Red Army (too few industrial workers in China). Sought to maintain an isolationist policy
Communist Stability… 1955 Secure with the Korean War over, Mao tries to start communist reform Redistributes land, nationalized industry, collective farms…
Hundred Flowers Campaign Mao encourages Chinese to openly criticize the government and offer advice Then he turns on the critics and massacres them.
Laogai “Re-education through labor” Live the life of the peasant Work people to death
Great Leap Forward, 1958 Says failures from ’55 because he wasn’t bold enough… Collectives build public works projects Mao’s attempt to catch up with the rest of the world
Fallout from the Great Leap million starve to death as government makes steel but no food One of the greatest tragedies of the 20 th century.
Sino-Soviet Split As Khrushchev comes to power, Mao splits with the USSR Foreign policy and border disputes
The Cultural Revolution, 1966 Mao thinks China’s past is holding reform back… Little Red Book All the past is destroyed by the Red Guard Leaders killed
Mao Dies – 1976 (YAY!!! ) million dead due to his policies (worst ever tyrant…) China agricultural and backward
How to critique an Absolutist Deng Xiaoping the new leader. Focuses on transitioning from Agriculture to Industry Illegal to criticize Mao or the Government
Market & Social Changes One Child Policy Capitalism slowly encouraged Leads to greater prosperity in the 1990’s Freedom???
One too many Changes… Tiananmen Square, April to June, K students protest the government Troops sent in to silence dissent Numbers dead?
Today and the Future… Hoping world forgets Tiananmen Joined WTO and is market driven Tremendous growth New social problems w/o equality Olympics in 2008
In the News… 3 Gorges Dam Globalization’s impact on China Political and Religious Repression still practiced “Torture and Re-education”
The Way out of Poverty? Capitalism!
Rise of Communism in China Communist Timeline. Rise of Nationalist Party Sun Yat-sen Sun Yat-sen –Father of Modern China – Led revolution ending.
Chapter Fourteen Revolution and Nationalism Section Three Imperial China Collapses.
Slide 1 Revolution in China and Communist China (How does this compare with the Russian Revolution and Stalins Soviet Union)
Mao Zedong and the Chinese Revolution. Republic of China The Qing Dynasty was over thrown by Chinese nationalist in The Dynasty had ruled China.
The Cold War China. Nationalist vs. Communist Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai- shek) Leader Mao Zedong Southern China Area Ruled Northern China United States.
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China under Mao Zedong Outline of this Presentation I.Theoretical Maoism II.Overview of the Civil War in China III.The Great Leap Forward.
European Imperialism in China. The Opium War (1839) Qing Dynasty in decline British force open trade w/ China OPIUM only product Britain had that China.
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After WWI many British colonies sought independence and self- rule After WWI many British colonies sought independence and self- rule The Egyptians gained.
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