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Manual Handling Training Training  Presented by  Kevin Evans DipSM. MIIRSM.

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Presentation on theme: "Manual Handling Training Training  Presented by  Kevin Evans DipSM. MIIRSM."— Presentation transcript:

1 Manual Handling Training Training  Presented by  Kevin Evans DipSM. MIIRSM

2 Course Content Statistics Definition Anatomy & Injuries Mechanics Law Risk Assessment Lifting Safely

3 Accident Statistics More than a third of all reportable accidents (3+ days of absence) reported to the HSE each year are caused by Manual Handling

4 Accident Statistics Largest cause of accidents at work 37% Manual Handling 19% Slips, Trips and Falls 12% Other Causes 20% Struck by an Object 7% Falling from Height 5% Machinery

5 Accident Statistics  Interpreted another way - the overall figure means that:  86000 people are absent daily  26,500,000 working days are lost annually  £1000,000,000 is lost in production, sickness benefit and medical costs In terms of suffering each injury results in an average of 11 days off work – some never fully recover. Four out of five people suffer with back related problems at some time – the risk is greater after the age of 30. Bases on HSE statistics 1996-98

6 Definition of Manual Handling WHAT IS MANUAL HANDLING? Pulling Pushing Lifting Lowering Moving of loads Repetitive movements Using physical effort, direct or indirect

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8 Parts of the Body Effected Hands Arms Neck Shoulders Back Groin Feet

9 Anatomy Spine Three main functions To protect the spinal cord To allow movement. To support the upper body Complex System Spinal Cord Nerves Ligaments Muscles & Tendons

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11 Anatomy Discs Disk act like a shock absorber and spread the weight evenly across the vertebra

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14 Muscles Muscles are bundles of fibre which enable movement Connected to the bones by tendons A damaged muscle is often referred to as “strain”

15 Injury Types Muscles Tendons Ligaments Discs Vertebra Hernia Nerves

16 Mechanics Balance point is through centre of body when standing A load held in front disturbs the balance - tension is generated in the back muscles to compensate Forms a lever effect Average person holding a 10kg load at arms length generates a counterbalancing tension up to 10 times more – to avoid falling over High or repetitive levels of tension in the back can cause damage – called muscle strain

17 Mechanics Centre of Gravity Lever effect is reduced if load held closer to the body

18 Lifting incorrectly can cause ligament damage

19 When bending and lifting heavy loads, the pressure can be focused at a particular point on the discs, this can cause damage to the disc’s, leading to sever pain

20 Disc Problems Caused by Manual Handling

21 Sciatica is caused by a swelling around the spine that causes pressure on the sciatic nerve, this in turn can cause pain from the buttocks down the leg to the ankle

22 Health and Safety Law

23 Manual Handling Regulations 1992 Regulations provide a hierarchy of measures Employers must: Avoid manual handling where possible Assess any hazardous activities where manual handling can’t be avoided If the assessment indicates a significant risk of injury a more specific assessment must be made Reduce the risk of injury as far as is reasonably practicable

24 Employees have duties too: Follow all systems of work Make full and proper use of any equipment provided Co-operate in all H&S matters Advise your manager if you are unwell Not putting other people at risk Manual Handling Regulations 1992

25 RISK ASSESSMENT

26 Risk Assessment T TTask I I Individual’s capabilities L LLoad E EEnvironment

27 Does the Task Involve The Task Does the Task Involve Holding loads away from body Twisting Stooping Reaching upwards Large vertical movements Long travel distances Strenuous pushing and pulling Unpredictable movement of load Repetitive handling Insufficient rest or recovery time Workrate imposed by the process

28 Individual Capability Physical condition Illness Pregnancy Requires unusual capabilities Call for special information or training

29 The Load Heavy Bulky or unwieldy Difficult to grasp Unstable/unpredictable Harmful ie sharp/hot

30 The Working Environment Constraints on posture eg lack of space Poor floors Variations in levels Hot/cold/rain/ice/humid conditions Strong air movement Poor lighting conditions Noise

31 Risk Assessment Identify the elements of significant risk Decide who might be harmed and how Evaluate risks/ Implement Control measures Record the findings of assessment Review assessment TTask IIndividual’s capabilities LLoad EEnvironment

32 Before moving a load you may need to assess how you are going to safely access the load

33 If there is a risk to health from a certain handling task, the best people to ask for advice on how to eliminate that risk is the people carrying out the task

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36 WHAT CAN WE DO ?

37 Lifting Safely Ultimate Objective To Relieve Fatigue & Strain and avoid injury Use correct handling techniques Ensure good vision Change position regularly Avoid over reaching or stretching Adjust work surface heights Relax where possible Use mechanical aids

38 Kinetic Lifting Summarised by: Plan the Route Assess the load Correct position of feet Straight back Correct grip Lift smoothly

39 Kinetic Lifting Plan the Route Where is the load going Are there obstructions in the way Is there somewhere to set it down

40 Kinetic Lifting One Person Lift Determine the weight Look for sharp edges See if weight is evenly distributed Keep heaviest side to body Decide how to hold the load If it is too heavy use a trolley or get assistance

41 Kinetic Lifting

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44 Straight Back Lower the body by relaxing the knees Keep your back straight (but not vertical) Keep load close to body Keep chin in and head back Do not hold your breath

45 Kinetic Lifting Lifting If lifting from ground make maximum use of legs Keep back straight but inclined forward As lift proceeds and the legs are straightened the back returns to vertical position Positioning of feet and bending of knees are the key factors in maintaining a straight back

46 Kinetic Lifting Correct Grip Take a firm grip by using the palms of the hands and roots of fingers Taking weight on finger tips will create pressure at the end of fingers and could strain muscles and tendons in the arms A full palm grip will reduce muscle stress to the arms and decrease the possibility of the load slipping

47 Kinetic Lifting Carrying the Load Make sure you can see where you are going Avoid twisting the body – move your feet instead If you need to change your grip – set the load down – not whilst walking Setting the Load Down Use the correct stance for lifting and set the load down gently

48 Kinetic Lifting Two Person Lift Decide who will be caller Assess the weight Correct positioning of feet Straight back Correct grip Lift together The caller co-ordinates the lift and ensures each lifter knows what to do and when

49 Kinetic Lifting - Summary Plan the route, the lift and the set down point Position your feet - bent knees, Firm grip straight back, lift smoothly, Move the feet – do not twist body Keep the load close to the body Put down smoothly – then adjust for final position


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