2 1. Which of the following are considered risk factors in the development of musculoskeletal disorders?Heavy manual labourAwkward posturesPushing and pulling equipmentPrevious or existing injuriesAll of the above
3 Correct answer - 5 All of the above There is evidence that heavy manual labour, awkward postures, manual handling, including pushing and pulling heavy objects, and a previous or existing injury are all risk factors in the development of musculoskeletal disorders. The injured person may not always make a full recovery; this may depend on the treatment and advice that they receive
4 2. A Manual Handling load assessment breaks an activity down into 4 key areas, which are referred to as TILE. Select the correct combination of 4 key areasTask / Individual / Lifting / EnvironmentTask / Individual / Lifting / EquipmentTask / Individual / Load / Environment
5 Correct answer - 3 Task / Individual / Load / Environment The acronym T.I.L.E. is commonly used to shape the risk assessment during manual handling procedures. When faced with a situation which requires manual handling you should conduct a risk assessment. You will be considering a number of questions and for ease these are grouped under 4 categories, using the TILE acronym: TILE stands for Task, Individual capacity, Load and Environment.
6 3. The ergonomic approach to manual handling can be defined as which one of the following: The specific weight limits a woman can pick upThe specific weight limits a man can pick upFitting the job to the person rather than the person to the jobPulling something instead picking it up
7 Correct answer – 3 Fitting the job to the person rather than the person to the job An ergonomic approach looks at manual handling as a whole. It takes into account a range of relevant factors, including the nature of the task, the load, the working environment and individual capability and requires worker participation. The ergonomic approach shows clearly that emphasis on how much weight can be lifted is too simple a view of the problem and may lead to incorrect conclusions. Instead, an ergonomic assessment based on a range of relevant factors should be used to determine the risk of injury and point the way to remedial action.
8 4. What should you do if a load is sharp or very hot or cold? Hold the load away from your bodyUse protective equipment e.g. gloves, maskBreak it down into smaller loads
9 Correct answer - 2 Use protective equipment e.g. gloves, mask Wearing protective clothing such as gloves will assist you to grip the object properly, using the full length of your fingers and help you keep the load as close to your centre of gravity as possible.
10 5. Which of the following may have a serious impact on the way in which moving and handling is carried out?Uneven floorsHarsh lightingShort skirtsTight trousersHot environmentAll of the above
11 Correct answer - 6 All of the above Floor surfaces that are rough and uneven are tripping hazards and make pulling & pushing tasks more difficult for you e.g. pushing a trolley will require greater force to be exerted.Lighting may affect the postures that you adopt to carry out tasks. If the lighting is poor, you may be hunched up over your work. If the lighting glares then you may adopt an awkward posture to avoid the glare.High temperature and humidity is likely to increase the effort you require to do a task.Clothing may influence your posture and movements while carrying out handling tasks. Bulky clothing will limit movements and require extra space for performing some tasks.
12 6. When conducting a moving and handling procedure you should place your feet apart with the leading leg as far forward as is comfortable and in the direction you intend to goTrueFalse
13 Correct answer - 1 TrueFor safe manual handling the position that should be adopted is:Stand astride objectFeet shoulder width apartOne foot in front of the other for balancePoint leading foot in the direction of travel
14 7. A load becomes more difficult to handle if it is held: Above the shouldersBelow your kneesAway from the body. ie. with arms stretched outAll of the above
15 Correct answer – 4 All of the above It is important to get a really good grip of an inanimate object to ensure safer manual handling. You should use the whole length of the fingers and not just the finger tips to hold. Any load will become more difficult to handle if it is held: Above the shoulders Below your knees Away from the body. ie. with arms stretched out
16 8. When using equipment to move an object you should do which of the following: Check it is suitable for the taskBe trained to use handling equipmentEquipment should always be checked prior to useReport any concerns regarding damageAll of the above
17 Correct answer - 5 All of the above Manual handling should be avoided whenever possible. There will be different types of equipment available to you within your organisation to assist you to move objects and loads. You must check the procedure for maintenance and checking equipment within your organisation. Using equipment should only be considered after assessment and should be used in accordance with the care plan and manufacturer’s instructions.
18 9. If you have a team of people available to move an object it means you can lift lots more weight TrueFalse
19 Correct answer - 2 FalseLifting as a team doesn’t mean you can lift lots more weight!Two people cannot lift twice as much, only a 1/3rd of what you think they can lift.Three people cannot lift three times as much, only 1/2 of what you think they can lift.
20 10. In order to protect employers, employees and the public, the Manual Handling Operations Regulations (1992-amended 2002) places legal responsibilities on both the employer and the employee.TrueFalse
21 Correct answer - 1 True Your employer has responsibilities to AVOID moving and handling activities if there is a risk of injury to youASSESS moving and handling activities if it cannot be avoidedREDUCE the risk of injury to you as an employees as much as possibleREVIEW regular review of risk assessmentsYou have a responsibility as an employee tofollow prescribed systems of workbe aware of and understand your organisation’s manual handling policyuse equipment provided properlyco-operate with your employer on manual handling matterstell your employer if you identify hazardous handling activities or any defects in equipmentensure your activities don’t put others at risk.