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Copyright  Progressive Business Publications Back Safety.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright  Progressive Business Publications Back Safety."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright  Progressive Business Publications Back Safety

2 Copyright  Progressive Business Publications Back Injuries: Sobering Facts 50% of the workforce experiences some sort of back pain each year One in every 5 workplace injuries is a back injury, costing between $20 billion and $50 billion a year Overexertion is the most common cause of back injuries

3 Copyright  Progressive Business Publications Structure of the Back Vertebrae Discs Ligaments Muscles Tendons Nerves

4 Copyright  Progressive Business Publications Types of Injuries Strains and sprains are caused by: –Muscles or ligaments that become over-stretched or tear –Sudden movement or trying to lift something that’s too heavy Overuse can lead to muscle spasms Excessive lifting or a fall can lead to injury

5 Copyright  Progressive Business Publications Common Causes of Back Injuries Cumulative damage over time Repeatedly using improper lifting techniques –Bending over at waist –Twisting with a load –Reaching for elevated loads –Carrying or lifting awkwardly shaped objects Sitting, standing or working in one position too long

6 Copyright  Progressive Business Publications Contributing Factors Poor posture and slouching Being out of shape Extra weight around the middle Stress

7 Copyright  Progressive Business Publications Proper Lifting Techniques Plan the lift in advance Should you get help? Test load before lifting Be cautious with long or awkwardly shaped objects Make sure the load is properly packed and balanced

8 Copyright  Progressive Business Publications Proper Lifting Techniques (continued) Stand close to load, with your feet shoulder-width apart Squat down, bending at the knees Use palms, not fingers, to grip the load Lift straight up

9 Copyright  Progressive Business Publications Proper Lifting Techniques (continued) To change directions –Do not twist –Turn feet in direction of intended travel When moving with load –Keep it close to body –Watch for slip and fall hazards To put it down, follow same steps in reverse order Consider other lifting techniques

10 Copyright  Progressive Business Publications Avoiding Trouble Spots Can you reduce the size or weight of the object? What mechanical aids might be available? Can the height of the object be adjusted? Keep the object between your shoulder and your waist.

11 Copyright  Progressive Business Publications Preventing Back Injuries Ask for help Can it be broken into smaller loads? Pace yourself Back belts don’t help

12 Copyright  Progressive Business Publications Basic Back Care Stretch before lifting Give yourself time between lifts Take rest breaks for your back Sleep on a firm mattress Get in shape Use good posture

13 Copyright  Progressive Business Publications Exercises for Your Back Wall slides Leg raises Front leg raises (on your back) Partial sit-ups Back swing

14 Copyright  Progressive Business Publications If Back Pain Occurs Use cold packs to relieve pain (initially) Use heat (after 48 hours) Use over-the-counter pain relievers Gradually begin gentle stretching Consult physician if: –Pain persists after resting for 72 hours –You have feeling of numbness in lower limbs

15 Copyright  Progressive Business Publications Points to Remember Use proper lifting techniques Know motions to avoid Don’t overdo it - get help Help your back by caring for it


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