We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byStefan Pyburn
Modified about 1 year ago
© OECD/IEA 2011 The Role and Importance of Energy Statistics Energy Statistics Workshop: Achievements and future challenges Beijing, China, 24 September 2012 Pierre Boileau Head of non-OECD Energy Statistics Section Energy Statistics Division
© OECD/IEA 2011 Definition of Energy Energy = Ability to do useful work What is Energy?
© OECD/IEA 2011 Law of Conservation of Energy Energy can neither be created nor destroyed The total amount of energy in a system remains constant over time
© OECD/IEA 2011 Any socio-economic category needs statistics to operate. This is also true for energy statistics Households: electricity consumption of houses, heating bills, mileage of cars, Utility XYZ A few examples:
© OECD/IEA 2011 Any socio-economic category needs statistics to operate. This is also true for energy statistics Company managers Energy bills, consumption/tonne, where to save Even truer for energy companies Refinery: throughputs, stocks Electricity generation: fuel input, electricity production A few examples:
© OECD/IEA 2011 Importance Importance of energy statistics for policy makers IEA Member countries have an obligation to hold 90 days of stocks (net imports/consumption) Need reliable and timely data on imports, consumption and stocks OPEC Member countries: production vs quota Need reliable and timely data on production EU Member countries: obligation to have a minimum share of electricity consumption coming from renewables Need reliable data on renewables Annex 1 countries to the Conference of Parties: respect of the engagement they have ratified when signing the Kyoto Protocol (70% to 80% of GHG come from fuel combustion) Need reliable data on both supply and demand
© OECD/IEA 2011 Energy data layout: tracking products and flows Electricity and heat output Non-energy use Other final consumption Transformation and energy industries own use Industry Transport Final consumption Supply Comparable information for all products Comparable energy units (Mtoe) Shows how energy flows through the economy Energy Balance Over 50 energy flows also defined as economic sectors
© OECD/IEA 2011 Energy data layout: like a financial balance sheet Electricity and heat output Non-energy use Other final consumption Transformation and energy industries own use Industry Transport Final consumption Supply Income Energy Balance Purchases/Sales Overhead Losses Expenses
© OECD/IEA 2011 National Administrations MOSMOS MOSMOS JODIJODI JODIJODI M-1 M-2 M-1 M-2 ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY COMMITTEE FOR ENERGY POLICY UNITED NATIONS STATISTICAL DIVISION ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE STATISTICAL DIVISION (QUEST/OIL/1/Rev.1) COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES EUROSTAT ENERGY UNIT Attached is the annual questionnaire which provides for the submission of 2000 data and a revision of 1999 data where applicable. Administrations are requested to complete the questionnaire at the latest 31 October However, if data are available earlier, please do not hesitate to send your questionnaire to the Head of Division, Energy Statistics, Combined Energy Staff, OECD, who will forward the data to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (Geneva). In addition, Member States of the European Union and Candidate Countries are requested to transmit the completed questionnaire to Eurostat, Head of Unit, Energy Statistics, Bâtiment Jean Monnet, Plateau du Kirschberg, L-2920, Luxembourg. M-2 25th 25 th -1st Global Database Energy Security Monthly Oil Survey July High quality energy statistics are the key to sound policy analysis MODS Oil Market Analysis
© OECD/IEA 2011 Energy Data Centre SUSTAINABLE ENERGY POLICY & TECHNOLOGY CHIEF ECONOMIST ENERGY MARKETS AND SECURITY GLOBAL ENERGY DIALOGUE Energy Statistics The “Heart” of the good analysis
© OECD/IEA 2011 But, in early 2000’s quality of energy statistics was deteriorating Completeness More and more data are estimated More and more data are missing and/or confidential Less and less details, more aggregation (CHP, main activity producers vs. autoproducers, …) Quality Efficiency of power plants > 100% Subtotals do not add up to totals Large statistical difference (>20%) Breaks in time series - no revisions in time series “Other sectors” often used as a balancing item Timeliness More and more time to collect, process, check and release data
© OECD/IEA 2011 The reasons for decreasing data quality Liberalisation of the market From one company to hundreds Confidentiality (linked to liberalisation) More work passed to statistics offices: More companies to survey (liberalisation) Renewables (remote information) Energy efficiency indicators (including socio-economic data) Environment (estimation of GHG emissions, ….) Resources do not follow work load Statistics still have a low profile, budget cuts Fast turnover in staff: lack of experience, continuity New developments make the tasks of statisticians much harder
© OECD/IEA 2011 Not only a lack of resources… UN Secretaria de Energía Mexico APEC IEA OLADE OPEC UN Crude Oil Production for Mexico (in kbd) An obvious need to react at all levels 5% gap also a lack of harmonization and co-operation
© OECD/IEA 2011 Organisations started to react At the political level: Several presentations on the situation at the IEA Governing Board Transparency and statistics were also high on the agenda of the Ministerial Meeting in May 2005 At the technical level: Release of an Energy Statistics Manual (together with Eurostat) Training of statisticians from Member / Non-Member countries A series of meetings with Member countries Recognition/Commitment/Resources Expertise/Recognition/Commitment Creation of the OCG and the InterEnerStat
© OECD/IEA 2011 The momentum was there….. Objectives: To hear from each organisation what they do, what are their problems and their expectation for more co-operation To pave the way for more harmonization and for strengthening bilateral and international co-operation Participants: 24 major regional and international organisations. Both data providers (IEA, UNSD, OPEC, Eurostat, FAO) and users (WB, IMF, UNFCCC,…) IEA in consultation with UNSD decided to hold the 1 st InterEnerStat meeting (Nov. 2005)
© OECD/IEA 2011 Two Clear Requests Harmonisation Methodologies Definitions Units Conversion factors Harmonised demands and questionnaires Handbooks and manuals Training Quality framework Harmonisation Methodologies Definitions Units Conversion factors Harmonised demands and questionnaires Handbooks and manuals Training Quality framework Co-operation Raising political awareness Harmonisation Joint Questionnaires Joint Training Common manuals Joint quality assessment Exchange of data Co-operation Raising political awareness Harmonisation Joint Questionnaires Joint Training Common manuals Joint quality assessment Exchange of data
© OECD/IEA 2011 Harmonisation: first step was to collect from each organisation its own set of definitions WORLD BANK FAO UN OPEC OAPEC The 2 nd step was to assemble them in a transparent way easy to access
© OECD/IEA 2011 Website presented at InterEnerStat 2 (Nov 2007)
© OECD/IEA 2011 From InterEnerStat 2 to InterEnerStat 3 An expert was contracted to: Look at flows and products Highlight similarities and differences Propose a “compromise” definition for each flow/product
© OECD/IEA rd and 4th InterEnerStat meetings (Oct 2008 and Nov 2009) Expert provided first draft report for harmonised definitions Discussions with international organisations A series of decisions adopted Decisions translated into revised definitions
© OECD/IEA 2011 Where is InterEnerStat now? By the end of 2010 all the minor outstanding points were agreed between groups working on InterEnerStat, OCG and IRES. These definitions will be guidelines to help organisations to arrive to a common understanding of what is a covered by a particular flow or a particular product. Definitions have been used in the International Recommendations for Energy Statistics manual of the UNSD, which was approved by the Statistical Commission in February 2011… So, what next ?
© OECD/IEA 2011 FAO UN OPEC OAPEC ? AFREC 1. One questionnaire: dream or reality ?
© OECD/IEA 2011 The Joint IEA/Eurostat Energy Statistics Manual (now available in 10 languages) Arabic Farsi The IRES Manual (UNSD and Oslo City Group) (in cooperation with many organisations and countries) The Manual on Energy Statistics for Energy Efficiency Indicators (IEA, ODYSSEE, others) 2. Provide better manuals Manual on Energy Statistics for Energy Efficiency Indicators
© OECD/IEA Joint trainings for energy statisticians Indonesia (in Paris, Nov. 2011) Azerbaijan (in Baku, Sept. 2011) IEA training centre (in Paris, Mar. and Oct. each year) El Salvador (Nov for Central American countries) South Africa (in Johannesburg) Energy Community (in Paris) Chinese secondees (11 over 3 years) Examples of recently conducted training sessions: The MEDSTAT programme Regular training for APEC economies (i.e. Bangkok) Several training sessions including on line training
© OECD/IEA 2011 A few words to conclude Harmonisation will not happen overnight. It needs time, effort, resources and commitment. The first results have been published that establish the basis for moving further harmonisation forward. Underlying principle: evolution not revolution. The main objective is to support energy policy and energy analysis. Thank you
© OECD/IEA 2011 The work of InterEnerStat and IRES from the perspective of an international organisation Seminar on: International Recommendations for.
© OECD/IEA – 2009 Economic Commission for Europe Committee on Sustainable Energy Ad Hoc Group of Experts on Harmonization of Fossil Energy and Mineral.
© OECD/IEA, 2007 The IEA and the Growing Need for more Energy Statistics Jean-Yves Garnier Sharon Burghgraeve Energy Statistics Division International.
The global implementation programme for the 2008 SNA and supporting statistics 7th meeting of the Advisory Expert Group on National Accounts April.
International Telecommunication Union ITU World Telecommunication Indicators: Data Collection and Dissemination Market, Economics.
Module 1: The GEO approach to integrated environmental assessment and reporting.
Measuring innovation TRAINING WORKSHOP ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION INDICATORS Cairo, Egypt September 2009.
Module 2: National IEA process design and organization.
IPA Cross-Border Programme Serbia – Bosnia and Herzegovina Workshop for Potential Applicants Užice, 25 April, 2012.
A Tool for Energy Planning and GHG Mitigation Assessment Charlie Heaps LEAP Developer and Director, U.S. Center.
EURELECTRIC WG Retail Markets Presentation for ERGEG Customer Focus Group Helsinki, 11 October 2005.
Decision Making and Performance Management in Public Finance Kamu Maliyesinde Karar Alma ve Performans Yönetimi TR08IBFI Performance Management.
Final Report – November 3, 2003 Organization of American States Management Study of the Operations of the General Secretariat Part I – Executive Summary.
Development of CP Policies: Approaches and Instruments Guidelines for the CP Centres UNIDO NCPC Programme April 2002.
"Information needed to support national sustainable water policies" IWG-Env Stat- International Work Session on Water Statistics – Vienna, Austria (20-22.
Hoàng Lam Sơn Department of Information Technology Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MoNRE)
The GEO Resource Book on Integrated Environmental Assessment Training Module 1 The GEO approach to integrated environmental Assessment West Asia Version.
Internal Quality Assurance seminar Common challenges among QAA ENQA Review Committee perspective Guy Aelterman Den Haag,15-16 June 2009.
Developing a programme for the implementation of the 2008 SNA and supporting statistics National Seminar on Developing a Programme for the Implementation.
Place your chosen image here. The four corners must just cover the arrow tips. For covers, the three pictures should be the same size and in a straight.
Guidelines For Site Management Approaches Floyd Homer WCPA-Caribbean & SUSTRUST.
Survey methodology and procedures: General advice from Frascati Manual National Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation (STI)
3.1 Mitigation Assessment: Concepts, Structure and Steps CGE TRAINING MATERIALS- MITIGATION ASSESSMENT MODULE C.
ITU-T activities and standards (L.1400, L.1410) on ICT and Climate Change Takafumi Hashitani ITU-T Study Group 5, Q.18 Associate Rapporteur
EU-US Regulatory Cooperation Approaches and Experiences Jan E. Frydman Head of Unit for International Regulatory Agreements and Toy Safety Directorate.
IZA Data Service Center DDI/SDMX Workshop Wiesbaden, Germany, June 18 th 2008 The Data Documentation Initiative (DDI) Arofan Gregory / Pascal Heus
© OECD/IEA, 2008 Energy Balance vs. Energy Efficiency Indicators Michel Francoeur Head of Section Energy Statistics Division International Energy Agency.
1 Metadata Working Group Meeting 2012 Summary and conclusions August Götzfried and Håkan Linden Unit B5.
STI Indicators and links to STI policies + UIS activities in the collection and analysis of STI indicators and overview of data for.
© 2016 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.