Presentation on theme: "4th World Telecommunication Indicators Meeting"— Presentation transcript:
14th World Telecommunication Indicators Meeting 10-11 February 2005Geneva, SwitzerlandITU World Telecommunication Indicators: Data Collection and DisseminationMarket, Economics and Finance Unit (MEF)Telecommunication Development Bureau
2Topics – ITU statistics Why? - (Reasons for ITU data collection)How? – (How do ITU collect statistics)What? - (Indicators ITU collects)Dissemination - demand for ITU dataAnalysisUsefulness of the data (who gets what?)Other ITU statistical activitiesConclusion
3The ITU - Helping the world to communicate The UN-specialized agency for telecommunications: where governments and the private sector coordinate global telecom networks and servicesFounded in 1865189 Member States and over 700 private sector membersITU was founded in 1865 which makes it the oldest specialized agency of the UN system. Its overall mandate is to maintain and extend international cooperation in telecommunications, which includes technical and policy assistance to developing countries, as well as to promote at the international level, the adoption of a broader approach to issues of telecommunications in the global information economy and society. Our core mission is to help the world communicate.
4Market Economics and Finance Unit (MEF) ITU/BDT/PSF/MEF Information sharing: tracking the global diffusion of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)Telecom/ICT Data collection and disseminationAnalysisInternational cooperationThe ITU, through its Indicators, is the main source of internationally comparable data on ICT/telecommunications
5ITU Statistical Obligation: Why? As a United Nations agency, the ITU has an obligation to produce statistics covering its sector. This is in line with other specialized agencies that publish statistics covering their respective field of operations. This forms part of the global statistical system of the UN. Inside ITU, Resolution No. 8 (Istanbul, 2002) calls on the Director of the BDT “…to survey countries and produce world and regional reports, in particular on…world telecommunication development.”There are 2 major trusts behind the ITU statistical activities. As a United Nations agency, the ITU has an obligation to produce statistics covering its sector. This is in line with other specialized agencies that publish statistics covering their respective field of operations. This forms part of the global statistical system of the UN (http://www.un.org/Depts/unsd/global.htm).Resolution 8 of ISAP calls on the Director of the BDT to survey countries and produce world and regional reports like the WTDR.
6Data collection WHAT? HOW? Telephone network Mobile servicesTrafficStaffQuality of ServiceTariffsRevenues & InvestmentBroadcastingInformation TechnologyHOW?Two Telecommunication Indicator Questionnaires per year addressed to government agencies responsible from ICT/telecom or operatorsOnline researchAnnual reports
7Storage - ITU dataData are entered into theWorld Telecommunication Indicators DatabaseData stored include:annual numerical data (indicators)industry/country operators’ information (contact details, operators functions, short description, etc.)Updated regularly to cope with the fast changing telecom/ICT environmentNew indicators added“Old” indicators kept in the database for future useData stored includes annual numerical data, industry/country operators’ information including contact details, their functions, and short description of the company.The database is updated regularly, new indicators are added to cope with the fast changing ICT environment.Old indicators are kept for future reference
8Data Collection – Challenges 1. Not every country returns/answers questionnaireSource: ITU World Telecommunication Indicators database
9Data Collection – Challenges 2. Incomplete data: Not all questions get answeredSelected indicators, 2004Source: ITU World Telecommunication Indicators database
10Data Collection – Challenges (Other) More work to aggregate operators’ data since the fall of monopolyOperators data or annual reports sometimes not availableNewer telecom/ICT data hard to obtain from developing countriesSome information collected doesn’t meet the ITU definitionWith the amount of indicators we collect from more than 200 countries, we are face with these challenges:Countries that answer our questionnaire tend to be lesser now compared 5 years ago. One reason is that some of them post their statistics on the regulators or ministry websites.If the government agency that we contacted for the questionnaire doesn’t answer, we have to aggregate operators’ data that are published in their annual report. Collecting information from each operator and aggregating them to arrive at a country figure remains the biggest challenge, given the amount of resources we have.To aggregate operators data, we have to get annual reports and again, some operator doesn’t published annual reports in their websites. We have to call them and request the printed copy of the reports.Newer ICT data is hard to obtain from developing countries.Some of the indicators we collect can be collected by national statistics agencies through their household surveys. Often, they don’t include these questions.
11Data dissemination Yearbook of Statistics Published annually for almost 3 decadesCovers 80 ICT/telecom indicators for almost 200 economiesWorld Telecommunication Indicators DatabaseTime series data for the years 1960, 1965, 1970 and annually from
12Dissemination - World Telecommunication Indicators The main menu of the CD-ROM looks like this.Added feature of this database includes mapping of indicators and generating graphs.Data can be extracted and saved in different format (Excel, dbase, SAS, ASCII)Includes tables from the Yearbook and WTDR that will be presented later.
133. Regional Publications Specifically prepared for regional Telecom eventsContains 3 parts: Overview, regional statistics, directory of telecommunication operatorsAfrica Telecom Indicators 2004 released during Telecom Africa 2004Latest is Asia Telecom Indicators 2004 released September 2004Contains 3 parts: Overview, regional statistics, directory of telecom operators
144. World Telecommunication Development Report Contains overview of world telecom indicatorsHighlights topics relevant to global issuesLatest released December 2003 during WSIS, GenevaIncludes the first release of Digital Access Index (DAI)
155. Other forms of dissemination Free statistics published in our ICT website for basic indicators, cellular subscribers, information technology and data for top operators (http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/statistics/)Requests made by users either by phone, fax orOther forms of dissemination:Statistical publicationsFree statistics in websiteRequests made by users either by phone, fax or .
16(ministry/regulator) Who gets what?Country(ministry/regulator)OperatorsMarketAnalystsITU(Statistics)Countries provide data to ITU. Regulators/ministries receive (national & regional) overview2. Identify trends and benchmark results, Make informed policy decisions, Make regional/international comparisons3. Operators have access to national and regional telecommunication trends, Track market position and potential4. Public is informed on trends and services5. Investors identify new market opportunities6. ITU fulfills its commitment with regard to bridging the digital dividePublicInvestors
17Other activities: International cooperation & coordination The Millennium Development Goals: ITU tracks target 18 of the MDGsMain telephone lines, cellular subscribers, Internet users (for UN MDG database)Prepares story-lines for UN Secretary General’s report on MDGPartnerships: “Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development” (ITU, UNCTAD, UNESCO, OECD, World Bank, UN ICT Task Force, EUROSTAT, UN Regional Commissions, NSOs)
18Botswana workshop – recommendations October 27-29, 2004 Collaboration between different ICT players is crucial in the collection and dissemination of telecom/ICT data. The ministry, regulator and NSO should continue dialogue on what are the indicators appropriate for their country policy needs.Internationally agreed indicators and definitions should be used as basis of data collection to increase comparability between countries.Countries should increase efforts to complete and submit ITU questionnaires.
19Information and knowledge should be disseminated to ALL stakeholders. Botswana (cont.)Information and knowledge should be disseminated to ALL stakeholders.Confidentiality of operators data in some countries hamper data collection of regulators. Operators should be assured that company data won’t be published if considered confidential but data will only be used to aggregate country level data.
20Botswana (cont.)There is a need to build capacity in the collection of telecom data in some agencies. Training of staff in the area of data collection, verification and dissemination is needed.Regulators/ministries may want to consider engaging an in-house statistician to be the focal point and responsible for telecom/data collection and dissemination. NSOs should help train and guide the focal point in area of data collection and dissemination.Regional workshop such as the one held in Botswana is considered important in building capacity in data collection and should also involve operators.
21Botswana (cont.)ITU should develop standardized application (software) to help ministries/regulators data collection and dissemination.