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© OECD/IEA, 2007 The IEA and the Growing Need for more Energy Statistics Jean-Yves Garnier Sharon Burghgraeve Energy Statistics Division International Energy Agency ESDS International Annual Conference 2007 London, 3 December 2007
© OECD/IEA, 2007 A few Words on the IEA Member countries IEA OECD IEA OECD Autonomous Agency of the OECD Established in 1974 after 1 st Oil Crisis 28 Members Countries (vs. 30 for OECD) 3 Es: Energy security, Economy and Environment Autonomous Agency of the OECD Established in 1974 after 1 st Oil Crisis 28 Members Countries (vs. 30 for OECD) 3 Es: Energy security, Economy and Environment
© OECD/IEA, 2007 How IEA Statistics developed over time Data Diversity (gas, coal, electricity) Oil prices at $37/bl Emissions Rio Summit Kyoto Protocol Data Production Imports/Exports Stocks Data Consumption Transformation Establishment of the IEA Prices escalating Data End-Use Socio-Economic Production Efficiency 1 st Oil Crisis 2 nd Oil Crisis Dependency Price Security
© OECD/IEA, 2007 Five Annual Energy Questionnaires Other Annual: Energy Forecast and R&D Budget for IEA Monthly Questionnaires: Monthly Oil and Gas Statistics, Joint Oil Data Initiative Electricity production and trade Exceptional Questionnaires: Mainly in case of oil crisis, or ad-hoc activities (e.g.: Non-Energy Use Network) How OECD data are collected Quarterly Questionnaires: Prices and Taxes questionnaire
© OECD/IEA, 2007 Prepared in June-July National Administrations Sent at end July Work from August to September Sent back to the IEA before end of September Queries Checking the data is a long process
© OECD/IEA, 2007 Production Import Export International Marine Bunkers Stock Changes Domestic Supply International Marine Bunkers Stock Changes Domestic Supply Transfers Statistical Differences Transformation Sector (18 sub-sectors) Transformation Sector (18 sub-sectors) Energy Sector (16 sub-sectors) Energy Sector (16 sub-sectors) Distribution Losses Final Consumption Industry Sector (13 sub-sectors) Transport (7 sub-sectors) Other Sectors (4 sub-sectors) Non Energy Uses Electricity and Heat Outputs Electricity and Heat Outputs What flows are collected? TOTAL: 95 FLOWS
© OECD/IEA, 2007 What products are collected? Coal (17 products/categories) Coal (17 products/categories) Natural gas Natural gas Crude Oil and Petroleum products (25 products) Crude Oil and Petroleum products (25 products) Nuclear Energy Nuclear Energy Hydro Energy Hydro Energy Renewable Energy (19 products/categories) Renewable Energy (19 products/categories) Waste Energy (3 products/categories) Waste Energy (3 products/categories) Electricity Electricity Heat (7 categories) Heat (7 categories) TOTAL: over 75 products/categories TOTAL: over 75 products/categories
© OECD/IEA, 2007 Latin America (22 countries) Africa (26 countries) Former Soviet Union (15 countries) Middle East (13 countries) OECD (30 countries) Non OECD Europe (11 countries) Asia (17 countries) Data are collected, processed and published for over 130 countries How non-OECD data are collected
© OECD/IEA, 2007 How non-OECD data are collected (cont.) FAO UNEUROSTAT WORLD BANK OPEC OAPEC AFREPREN
© OECD/IEA, 2007 AugSepOctNovDecJanFebMarAprilMayJuneJulyAugSep Questionnaires Processing Databases Publications and CD-ROMS The annual IEA statistics cycle
© OECD/IEA, 2007 Books CDs Internet Free access to Administrations Free access to Administrations Subscription for others Subscription for others Pay-per-view also available Pay-per-view also available Most visited page on the IEA website How can users access IEA data
© OECD/IEA, 2007 Liberalisation of the market: From one company to hundreds Confidentiality (linked to liberalisation) More work passed to statistics offices: More companies to survey (liberalisation) Renewables (remote information) Energy efficiency indicators (including socio-economic data) Environment (estimation of GHG emissions, ….) Etc. Resources do not follow work load: Statistics still have a low profile, budget cuts Fast turnover in staff: lack of experience, continuity Fast turnover in staff Problems encountered in energy statistics
© OECD/IEA, 2007 The past situation in energy statistics offices 20s 40s 30s 50s Retirement age gaining experience passing experience
© OECD/IEA, 2007 20s The current situation efficiency environment modelling Temptation to move away from statistics is high Young statisticians only stay a few years Not enough time to have a full grasp of energy statistics No time to transmit their expertise Temptation to move away from statistics is high Young statisticians only stay a few years Not enough time to have a full grasp of energy statistics No time to transmit their expertise 40s 30s 50s Retirement age policy private sector
© OECD/IEA, 2007 How the IEA tackles these problems Facilitating the work of newcomers in statistics: Energy Statistics Manual User-friendly electronic questionnaires Training Raising the profile of energy statistics and the role of statisticians Ministerial meetings Governing Board Meetings Harmonisation and Cooperation
© OECD/IEA, 2007 A user-friendly manual to give necessary information to newcomers to understand/complete annual questionnaires Facilitating the work of newcomers in statistics
© OECD/IEA, 2007
The Manual is available in six languages SpanishRussianChinese EnglishFrenchGerman An Arabic version is under preparation
© OECD/IEA, 2007 Raising the profile of statistics and the role of statisticians No direct link between policy makers and statisticians Current situation
© OECD/IEA, 2007 Decision makers Need the right data immediately Allocation of resources Decision makers Need the right data immediately Allocation of resources Prime users of the data Advisors to policy makers Interface between policy makers and statisticians Lobby Comments on data Prime users of the data Advisors to policy makers Interface between policy makers and statisticians Lobby Comments on data The ones who do the work Should be fully involved in the whole process Statisticians need to understand why they collect the data Policy makers need to understand the problems faced by statisticians The ones who do the work Should be fully involved in the whole process Statisticians need to understand why they collect the data Policy makers need to understand the problems faced by statisticians In fact, the relationship between policy makers, analysts and statisticians should be more based on a 3-way street
© OECD/IEA, 2007 On 19 November 2005, an example of how the profile of statistics can be raised is the launch of the JODI Database by King Abdullah Raising the profile
© OECD/IEA, 2007 UN Secretaria de Energía Mexico Harmonisation and Cooperation Mexico is a member country of 4 major organisations 1995199619971998 APEC2653290330873134 IEA2741287230623109 OLADE272229693022 3070 OPEC2618285830223071 UN283429773166 Crude Oil Production for Mexico (in kbd) 3210 5% gap
© OECD/IEA, 2007 25 international/regional organisations Both data providers and users Harmonisation of definitions Common training sessions A joint website Strengthening Harmonisation and Cooperation 2 nd InterEnerStat Workshop 19-20 November 2007, IEA, Paris
© OECD/IEA, 2007 Objectives of the site Provide a wealth of information on energy statistics Definitions Methodology Units Reference documents Portal to databases Highlight differences and similarities in definitions Objectives of the site Provide a wealth of information on energy statistics Definitions Methodology Units Reference documents Portal to databases Highlight differences and similarities in definitions http://www.iea.org/interenerstat/
© OECD/IEA, 2007 An easy way to identify differences and similarities. A first step towards harmonisation. An easy way to identify differences and similarities. A first step towards harmonisation.
© OECD/IEA, 2007 The ultimate goal would be to have one questionnaire common to all countries and organisations WORLD BANK FAO UN EUROSTAT OPEC OAPEC ? Dream or reality?
© OECD/IEA, 2007 A few Words to Conclude Understanding the energy situation and markets is a necessity: Oil is the most traded commodity clear impact on global economy Surplus capacities are limited, dependency on fewer and fewer countries leads to major energy security issues More than 80% of CO 2 emissions come from fuel combustion Responding to the ever-growing need for more detailed, timely and reliable data has at least three dimensions: Horizontal: more products (e.g. biofuels) Vertical: more flows (e.g. end uses) Global: non-OECD consumption overtook OECD consumption in 2004 The IEA has embarked on several initiatives to respond to these needs both with OECD member countries as well as with key countries (China, India, Russia) and organisations It is our hope and wish to further improve coverage, timeliness and quality of the data we provide to our users all around the world Thank you
© OECD/IEA 2011 ESDS International Annual Conference Understanding the world: evidence and impact London, 28 November A year of major changes.
© OECD/IEA 2011 The work of InterEnerStat and IRES from the perspective of an international organisation Seminar on: International Recommendations for.
© OECD/IEA, 2009 ESDS International Energy Conference Real Data – Real World London, 30 November 2009 Real Energy World – Real Energy Data Yes, but don’t.
© OECD/IEA, 2008 Energy Balance vs. Energy Efficiency Indicators Michel Francoeur Head of Section Energy Statistics Division International Energy Agency.
© OECD/IEA – 2010 Expert Group on Energy Statistics Second Meeting, UNSD, New York, 2-5 November 2010 InterEnerStat A Major Contribution to Harmonised.
© OECD/IEA 2011 The Role and Importance of Energy Statistics Energy Statistics Workshop: Achievements and future challenges Beijing, China, 24 September.
© OECD/IEA, 2008 Activities of the InterEnerStat Jean-Yves Garnier Energy Statistics Division International Energy Agency International Workshop on Energy.
© OECD/IEA – 2009 Economic Commission for Europe Committee on Sustainable Energy Ad Hoc Group of Experts on Harmonization of Fossil Energy and Mineral.
The 13th Meeting of the Expert Group on Energy Data and Analysis Chinese Taipei, March 2002 Improving Oil Market Transparency The Oil Data Initiative.
Renewable Energy Statistics Keep-on-Track! 1 st Policy Workshop 23 January
16 th April 2008 Energy Outlook View of an International Oil Company Thierry PFLIMLIN President & CEO Total Oil Asia-Pacific Pte Ltd 2 nd ARF Seminar on.
ENERGY STATISTICS IN MALAYSIA NOOR AIZAH A.KARIM Head, Energy Information Energy Commission Malaysia The Sixth Oslo Group Meeting on Energy.
M O N T E N E G R O Negotiating Team for Accession of Montenegro to the European Union Working Group for Chapter 18 – Statistics Bilateral screening: Chapter.
© OECD/IEA th Meeting of the Oslo Group Energy Statistics Baku, September 2013 Looking ahead InterEnerStat and Oslo Group Jean-Yves Garnier.
J OINT O RGANISATIONS D ATA I NITIATIVE A Concrete Outcome of the Producer - Consumer Dialogue Jean-Yves Garnier Mieke Reece International Energy Agency.
© OECD/IEA 2011 Comparing the UNSD, IEA and Eurostat balances 6th meeting of the Oslo City Group Canberra, Australia, 2-5 May 2011 Karen Tréanton Section.
The European Lighting Industry Position on How to Maximise the Potential Benefits of European Policy on Energy Efficiency in Lighting January 2008.
ESDS International Celia Russell and Susan Noble Economic and Social Data Service University of Manchester ESDS International Conference 2007.
EWG47 12.c. RE Share Doubling Goal - 1/17 JODI ISWG Meeting June 2015 Geneva, Switzerland JODI Gas in APEC Edito Barcelona Energy Statistics and.
Introduction to ESDS International Celia Russell Economic and Social Data Service MIMAS April 14 th 2004 University of Manchester Introduction to ESDS.
© OECD/IEA th Oslo Group Meeting on Energy Statistics Baku, September 2013 Future Activities of the IEA on Energy Statistics Jean-Yves Garnier.
DG Energy and Transport, European Commission Fabrizio Barbaso 16/04/2008 EU ENERGY SECURITY STRATEGIES ARF Energy Security Seminar EUROPEAN COMMISSION.
Joint UNCTAD-ITU-UNESCAP Workshop Information Society Measurements in Asia-Pacific Bangkok, July 2006 Ms. Esperanza C. Magpantay Statistician Market,
S T A T I S T I K A U S T R I A We provide i n f o r m a t i o n
National Data Repository Meeting 1-3 September New Delhi © OECD/IEA The Joint Oil Data Initiative Mieke Reece IEA.
Trade Statistics Branch Global Assessment of Business Registers Ronald Jansen, United Nations Statistics Division, New.
Celia Russell Economic and Social Data Service University of Manchester November 2008 Aggregate data resources: the UK in Europe.
Energy and Energy Statistics in Ireland Central Statistics Office Ireland.
Joint ITU/ECA Regional Workshop on Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) Indicators Gaborone, Botswana October 2004
The Scope of Energy Statistics in Canada International Workshop on Energy Statistics Aguascalientes, Mexico.
The energy balance in Finland The 7th Oslo Group Meeting, Helsinki Leena Timonen
© OECD/IEA 2010 Data Compilation Issues for Electricity and Heat Energy Statistics Workshop Beijing, China, Sept Pierre Boileau International Energy.
Mitigating Energy Market Volatility Noé van Hulst, Secretary General, International Energy Forum (IEF) International Energy Forum G20 Conference on Commodity.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Land and Water Division AQUASTAT FAOs global information system on water and agriculture by Karen.
International Telecommunication Union Stocktaking – metadata collection Household survey results Market, Economics and Finance Unit.
Company Name PRESENTATION NAME Compilation and Dissemination of Energy Statistics International Workshop on Energy Statistics, Beijing, Sep 2012 International.
© OECD/IEA 2015 Budapest, 19 October © OECD/IEA 2015 Energy & climate change today A major milestone in efforts to combat climate change is fast.
Energy Statistics & Training Office Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre The APEC Energy Database Joint SPC-APEC Regional Workshop on Energy Statistics.
4th World Telecommunication Indicators Meeting
Importance of monthly statistics on Natural Gas
1 1 SEEA/Environmental accountings user needs with regards to renewable energy Julie L. Hass, Ph.D. Kristine E. Kolshus Division for Environmental Statistics.
UNSD Recent international developments in Energy Statistics.
1 WTO Statistics Division Trends in Services Trade under GATS Recent Developments Symposium on Assessment of Trade in Services World.
International Energy Agency © OECD/IEA, 2008 Harmonising greenhouse gas emissions inventories with energy statistics: The work of the IEA with the IPCC.
Division on International Trade in Goods and Services, and Commodities Working Party on the Strategic Framework and the Programme Budget, 62nd session.
International Energy Agency © OECD/IEA, 2008 International Workshop on Energy Statistics Mexico, 2-5 December 2008 From Basic Energy Statistics to Energy.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY World Energy Outlook: Key Strategic Challenges Maria Argiri Economic Analysis Division.
© OECD/IEA, 2008 London Group on Environmental and Economic Accounting Brussels, Belgium, 30 September 2008 Harmonisation of the Definitions of Flows and.
PERSPECTIVES OF THE COMMON BALTIC ELECTRICITY MARKET Prof. Inna Steinbuka, Chair, Public Utilities Commission, Latvia The Institute of Economic Affairs.
1 Introduction, reporting requirements, workshop objectives Workshop on energy balances and energy related greenhouse gas emission inventories (under WG.
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