Presentation on theme: "Name: Kong Chang Date: March 15, 2011 Period: 6"— Presentation transcript:
1Name: Kong Chang Date: March 15, 2011 Period: 6 Civil War DataName: Kong ChangDate: March 15, 2011Period: 6
2Causes Of The Civil WarIn November 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the United States.A mouth later, Lincoln says as president, he will not interfere with slavery in the South and he will enforce the Fugitive Slave Laws, but he will not allow slavery to spread into any of the territories.South Carolina senators are mad and vote to have South Carolina leave the Union. 10 other southern states soon followed and created the Confederacy States of America.In March 1861 Lincoln is sworn into office and officially becomes president of the “Not so United States”. He decides all military forts belong to the US government no matter where they are North or South.This angry Southerners in Charleston, South Carolina open fire on soldiers at Fort Sumter.The Civil War has begun.
3Beginning the War 22 millions people strong had more states North StrengthsSouth Strengths22 millions people stronghad more statesbetter technology90% factoriesMost of banks= richerhad more farms to provide foodControlled the sea – Big Navy21,ooo miles of railroadTransporting supplies and troops is easyLand hold iron, copper, coal, and goldImport guns and supplies from EuropeLong CoastlinesBig and spread out linesGet to fight on own landMilitary Generals Ex. Robert E. LeeCould trade for war supplies w/EuropeBeginning the War
4Beginning The War Military leaderships are weak North WeaknessSouth WeaknessesMilitary leaderships are weak1/3 of Northern generals quit and went back to SouthWorst time searching for good GeneralsHard to travel and attack the South9 millions peopleUnaware of attackMississippi could spilt the Confederacy in 2Economy could not support a long warFew factories to produce guns and suppliesBad transportingShort in complete RailroadsWeak moneyBeginning The War
5Population in Millions How many more people lived in Union states than in Confederate states?
6Land AreaAbout how many times more square miles of land did Union states have compared to Confederate states?
7Industrial Production Which side---the Union or the Confederacy---had greater manufacturing and iron production?
8Miles of Railroad Track About how many times more railroad track did the North have than the South?
9FinancesWhich side---the Union or the Confederacy---had greater financial resources?
11Union- Abraham Lincoln Confederate- Jefferson DavisPresident
12Leaders of the Civil War The UnionThe ConfederacyPresident Abraham LincolnGeneral Winfield ScottGeneral Irvin McDowellGeneral George McClellanAdmiral David FarragutGeneral Ulysses S. GrantGeneral George MeadeGeneral William ShermanPresident Jefferson DavisJoseph E. JohnstonGeneral Thomas “Stonewall” JacksonGeneral Robert E. LeeGeneral George PickettLeaders of the Civil War
13TroopsHow many more troops did the Union states have than the Confederate states?
141st Battle of Bull Run Union Leader Irvin McDowell Confederate Leaders Summary and OutcomeLeadersJuly Battle of Bull RunMcDowell was sent to take Confederate capitalMcDowell also needed to controlled R.R Junction in Manassas VirginiaConfederate troops were waiting at Bull Run Creek near ManassasUnion pushed passed CreekConfederate got backUnion ledConfederate won the 1st battleUnion hope of a quick victoryUnion LeaderIrvin McDowellConfederate LeadersJoseph JohnstonThomas “Stonewall” Jackson1st Battle of Bull Run
15Battle of Antietam Union George McClellan Confederate Robert E. Lee Summary and OutcomeLeadersSept Battle of AntietamLee went to MarylandLee talked to people, nobody joined his sideLee fail his battle planNorth wonOne day 25,000 men were killedUnion won the Battle of AntietamUnionGeorge McClellanConfederateRobert E. LeeBattle of Antietam
16Emancipation Proclamation Sept. 22, Emancipation ProclamationLincoln wanted to free slaverySlavery help them fight in the Civil WarLincoln wrote the Emancipation ProclamationIt made abolitionists very happyThe loss of slaves made the South’s ability to wage war
17Battle of Gettysburg Union George Meade Confederate Robert E. Lee Summary and OutcomeLeadersJuly Battle of GettysburgLee wanted to attack so much that the North would lose and gain help from EuropeConfederate forces gathered in a small town outside GettysburgLincoln soldiers are thereConfederate attack Union hope them off and Confederate retreatedNorth won the warUnionGeorge MeadeConfederateRobert E. LeeGeorge PickettBattle of Gettysburg
18Gettysburg Address November 19, 1863 –Gettysburg Address Lincoln gave a speech called the Gettysburg AddressLincoln makes speech at GettysburgLincoln rededicated himself to winning the war and preserving the Union.
19Sherman’s March to the Sea Summary and OutcomeLeadersSpring 1864-Dec Sherman’s March To The SeaSherman plan to destroy Southern railroads and industriesSherman marched troops from Tennessee to Atlanta, Georgia destroy R.R. and industries on the waySherman captured AtlantaSherman destroy R.R. farmsNorth wonUnionWilliam ShermanConfederateJoseph JohnstonSherman’s March to the Sea
20Surrender at Appomattox Summary and OutcomeLeadersApril 9, Appomattox CourthouseUnion army had trapped Confederate armyUnion and Confederate generals met at Appomattox CourthouseGenerals Robert E. Lee surrender to Generals Grant ending the warLee signs surrender doc.Grant promises to take care of Confed. soldiersUnionWilliam ShermanUlysses S. GrantConfederateRobert E. LeeSurrender at Appomattox
21War Casualties Who had more war casualties, the North or the South? How many more did they have?
22The Five Costliest Battles of the Civil War About how many total people were killed at Gettysburg, Chickamauga, Chancellorsville, Spotsylvania, and Antietam?
23Effects of the Civil War Almost 620,000 Americans lost their lives during the four years of fighting.The defeat of the South end slavery there.The southern had no homes or jobs.The southern economy was in ruins.