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© Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Health and development There is an interrelationship between each of the dimensions of health and each type of development.

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Presentation on theme: "© Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Health and development There is an interrelationship between each of the dimensions of health and each type of development."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Health and development There is an interrelationship between each of the dimensions of health and each type of development. The ways in which people develop are often largely dependent on how healthy they are, just as how healthy people are can have an impact on how they develop. How might engaging in physical activity promote health and development?

2 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Health DevelopmentPhysicalSocial Emotional Intellectual What types of interactions are there between health and development? As a class, think of some examples.

3 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 How about this? Play –Physical: motor skills, coordination –Social: how to interact with others –Emotional: how to laugh, get mad, smile –Intellectual: learning rules, procedures, new skills Even solitary play can assist with all types of development. How?

4 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Lifespan health and development Prenatal –Approximately 40 weeks duration –Germinal, embryonic, foetal stages –Some key terms: what do they mean in the context of this stage? conceptionmorulla implantationumbilical cord placentafontanelles blastocystdifferentiation

5 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Physical –Germinal –Embryonic What happens in each stage? –Foetal

6 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Infancy –Birth to 18 months –Rapid growth and development –Some key terms – what do they mean in the context of this stage? fine motor skillsproximodistal gross motor skillsbonding socialisationattachment cephalocaudalreflex

7 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Physical Social Emotional Intellectual Give at least one example of each type of development experienced during this stage of the lifespan.

8 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Childhood –3–12 years of age –Slow, steady growth and development –Some key terms – what do they mean in the context of this stage? playgrowth socialisationtooth development learningfood ‘choices’ emotionspercentile

9 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Physical Social Emotional Intellectual Give at least one example of each type of development experienced during this stage of the lifespan.

10 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Adolescence –12–18 years of age –Rapid growth and development –Some key terms – what do they mean in the context of this stage? ossificationhormones for growth growth spurthormones for reproduction pubertysocialisation menarcherelationships

11 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Physical (male and female) Social (male and female) Emotional (male and female) Intellectual (male and female) Give at least one example of each type of development experienced during this stage of the lifespan.

12 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Adulthood –18 years of age and onwards –Rapid growth and development –Some key terms – what do they mean in the context of this stage? careersocialisation familysensory acuity relationshipsmenopause educationretirement

13 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Physical (male and female) Social (male and female) Emotional (male and female) Intellectual (male and female) Give at least one example of each type of development experienced during this stage of the lifespan.

14 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 maintenancefamily osteoporosissocialisation fractureshobbies fallscommunity resource Old age –65+ years of age –Maintenance phase in relation to growth, but some types of development still occurring –Some key terms – what do they mean in the context of this stage?

15 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Physical Social Emotional Intellectual Give at least one example of each type of development experienced during this stage of the lifespan.

16 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Inherited influences on physical development What are some examples of inherited influences on physical development? –Sex (gender) How? Examples? –Genetic predisposition to disease? How? Examples? –Hormonal control of the rate and timing of development How? Examples?

17 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Environmental influences on physical development What are some examples of environmental influences on physical development? –Family How? Examples? –Culture How? Examples? –Socioeconomic Status (SES) How? Examples? –Physical activity How? Examples? –Access to healthcare How? Examples?

18 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 The role of nutrition in optimising health and development across the lifespan Nutrients are needed for: –Soft tissue –Hard tissue –Blood production –Energy production Nutrients are needed particularly during the major ‘rapid growth’ phases, but also at all other stages of the lifespan.

19 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Nutrient Interactions Soft tissue –Protein –Vitamin C –Vitamin A –Vitamin E –Vitamin B 12 –Water Hard tissue –Calcium –Protein –Phosphorous –Magnesium –Vitamin D –Vitamin A What specific function(s) to each of these nutrients have?

20 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Blood production –Iron –Protein –Copper –Vitamin C –Vitamin E –Folate –Vitamin B 12 Energy production –CHO –Protein –Fats –B group vitamins (thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, B 6 ) –Iron –Iodine What specific function(s) to each of these nutrients have?

21 © Goodacre, Slattery, Upton 2007 Vitamin ASOFT TISSUE Vitamin E Vitamin B 12 Water HARD TISSUE Calcium Phosphorous Magnesium Vitamin D Vitamin A Protein Vitamin C Iron ENERGY PRODUCTION CHO Fats Iodine BLOOD FORMATION Copper Folate Vitamin B 12 Vitamin E


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