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Professional Development and Credentialing in Safety Willis Construction Risk Management Conference New Orleans, LA / September 11, 2013 Bradley D. Giles,

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Presentation on theme: "Professional Development and Credentialing in Safety Willis Construction Risk Management Conference New Orleans, LA / September 11, 2013 Bradley D. Giles,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Professional Development and Credentialing in Safety Willis Construction Risk Management Conference New Orleans, LA / September 11, 2013 Bradley D. Giles, CSP, PE, STS Past President Board of Directors Senior Vice-President Environmental, Safety, Health & Security - URS

2 Credentialing Leader BCSP is recognized as the leader in high- quality credentialing for safety, health, and environmental practitioners. BCSP establishes standards for and verifies competency in professional safety practice and evaluates certificants for compliance with recertification requirements. Gold Standard

3 About BCSP Established in 1969 Not-For-Profit 10 Directors Not a membership organization All certifications are protected by ® Registered Trade Mark 8 affiliated Sponsorship Organizations – AIHA – ASSE – IIE – ISSS – NESHTA – NFPA – NSC – SFPE George Gorbell announces the certification program in 1969: “...The evidence of competency in safety furnished by certification will improve the individual, raise the general level of competency in the safety profession, promote high standards of professional conduct, and assure management that it will receive top quality job performance....”

4 What is Certification Voluntary process – Set standards Educational Experience Examination – Evaluates individuals against standards – Awards certification and use of mark – Requires continuing professional development It is NOT – License to practice – Permanent – Membership – Certificate of completion

5 Value of Certification General – Raises bar – Levels playing field – Provides benchmark – Demonstrates competency Employers – Prescreens candidates – Public image – Indicator of professionalism Safety Professionals – Personal fulfillment – Peer recognition – Pay and position CSP makes >30% more than non-certified (2012 survey) – Competitive advantage – Demonstrates credibility Government Agencies – Contract qualifications – Task performance qualifications – Higher public assurance of competency

6 Certification vs. Certificate CertificationCertificate Results from an assessment processResults from an educational process Typically requires some amount of professional experience For new comers and experienced professional alike Awarded by a third-party, standard-setting organization Awarded by training and educational programs or institutions Indicates master/competency as measured against a defensible set of standards, usually by application or exam Indicates completion of a course or series of courses with a specific focus; is different than a degree granting program Standards set through a defensible, industry- wide process (job analysis/role delineation) that results in an outline of required knowledge and skills Course content set a variety of ways (faculty committee; dean; instructor; occasionally though defensible analysis of topic care) Typically results in a designation to use after one’s name; may result in a document to hand on the wall or keep in a wallet Usually listed on a resume detailing education; may result in a document to hand on the wall Has on-going requirements to maintain; individual must demonstrate knowledge of content; holder must demonstrate he/she continues to meet requirements Is the end result; individual may or may not demonstrate knowledge of course content at the end of a set period in time

7 National and International Accreditations International Accreditation – American National Standards Institute (ANSI/ISO) 17024 CSP Only National Accreditation – Institute for Credentialing Excellence National Commission for Certifying Agencies (NCCA) – CSP, OHST/CLCS, CHST, STS Council of Engineering & Scientific Specialty Boards (CESB) – CET/CIT (currently)

8 Accreditation Assures Governance – Nominations/elections – Peer participation – Public participation Financial disclosure – Stability and financial condition – Budget details Fairness to candidates Examinations – Validity – Reliability – Passing scores Recertification Independence from preparation Management systems

9 Pathway to Success “Today knowledge has power. It controls access to opportunity and advancement.” Peter Drucker

10 BCSP Certifications and Designations Professional: – Associate Safety Professional (ASP) – (designation; soon to be certification) – Graduate Safety Practitioner (GSP) – (designation) – Certified Safety Professional (CSP) Technician, Technologist, Supervisor: – Occupational Health and Safety Technologist (OHST) – Construction Health and Safety Technician (CHST) – Safety Trainer Supervisor (STS) – General Ind., Construction, Petrochemical, Mining Trainer: – Certified Environmental, Safety and Health Trainer (CET)

11 ASP 1,039 GSP 1,270 CSP13,643 CHST 2,778 OHST 1,854 STS 7,006 CET 465 Current Certificants As of 4/23/13

12 Certification Confidence CSP – Certified Safety Professional CIH – Certified Industrial Hygienist CHP – Certified Health Physicist CHMM – Certified Hazardous Materials Manager CFPP – Certified Fire Protection Professional CMS – Certified Mine Safety OHST – Occupational Health Safety Technologist CHST – Construction Health & Safety Technologist STS – Safety Trained Supervisor COHN – Certified Occupational Health Nurse CSS – Certified Systems Safety CET – Certified Environmental, Safety and Health Trainer

13 Psychometric Development of Examinations Basic Process – Peer Developed

14 Step 1: Role Delineation/Job Analysis 2-3 day meeting of 8-15 subject matter experts (SMEs) with respective certification – Geographically, industry, and demographically dispersed – Review/revise blueprint Domains; Tasks; Knowledge; Skills – Determine for each task Importance – knowledge of task is essential to job performance of minimally competent professional Criticality – adverse effects could result if professional is not knowledgeable in the task Frequency – time the professional spends performing duties within the task

15 Step 2: Validation Survey This survey determines how many questions belong in each domain Send new blueprint to 1,000+ (if available) credential holders to re-establish for each task – Importance – Criticality – Frequency Role delineation and validation survey report is submitted by the Psychometrician and reviewed/approved by the Board of Directors Examination Committee followed by the Board

16 Step 3: Exam Assembly Exam department revises exam items based on: – New blueprint specifications – Annual statistical analysis of each item New Exam is reviewed/revised by the Psychometrician – Typically “experimental” items Not scored Statistically determine future usability as scored item For example: 200 question exam has 25 non-scored items – New items pulled from “experimental” items – Also from item bank

17 Step 3 Side Note: New Items Development SMEs and chartered groups of SMEs write and submit items – Reviewed by Chief Operating Officer – Sent for second review to different SMEs Verified for validity by SMEs

18 Step 4: Cut Score 2-3 day meeting of 8-15 SMEs w/certification – Geographically, industry, and demographically dispersed – SMEs take the exam, Psychometrician uses modified Angoff method to determine cut score range Statistical mean of the group’s ratings regarding difficulty of individual items Generally accepted best practice and well supported by case law Cut score process and recommended range is reported by Psychometrician – Results reviewed/approved by Exam Committee & Board Exact cut score based on recommendation of Psychometrician – Board approves cut score decision – Conservative score is chosen and stats are run on first 100-200 exams to ensure adequacy of cut score

19 Step 5: Annual Statistics Run on all exams annually Stats are analyzed to determine eligibility for future or continued use of items – Stats are on reliability of entire exam and each item Level of difficulty Discrimination Uniqueness Implausibility of distracters Miskey of distracters Scored items vs. non-scored – NOTE: There are “experimental” items in each exam that are not scored, but stats are run on them to determine usability in future exams 200 question exams have 25 non-scored items

20 Step 6: Revalidation Why – Keep examinations current – Protect program – Protect validity of examinations – Maintain accreditation Terms of Retaining Accreditation – Revalidate examinations every 5-8 years – Demonstrate reliability and validity of exam product – Maintain security to ensure intellectual property and confidentiality

21 The Certification Process Apply Qualify – Education – Experience Pass Examination(s) – Pearson VUE Sites 5000 test centers 175 countries Recertification Criteria

22 Application Fee Waivers Faculty ABET Graduates Government Employees Military and Veteran – Exam fees may be reimbursed through: Montgomery GI Bill Veterans Education Assistance Program Post 9/11 GI Bill


24 Financial Impact of Safety Certification CHST:Median Annual Salary $24,000 more than average Occupational Safety and Health Technician - $79,000 CSP:Median Annual Salary $25,000 more than average Occupational Safety and Health Specialist - $98,000

25 Safety Trained Supervisor® (STS®)Certification

26 Qualifications Education: – 30 hours of formal safety-related training Experience: – Two years industry experience plus one year as supervisor OR – Four years industry experience if not a supervisor Competence: – Demonstrated through examination

27 Examinations 4 STS Examinations Available: – Construction, General Industry, Petrochemical, Mining Computer delivered – Available daily at testing centers 2 hour exam with 100 multiple choice questions Recertification every 5 years – 30 hours of safety and health courses or retake STS exam Costs: – Application fee $120* – Exam fee$185** – Annual Renewal $ 60* non-refundable; subject to change without notice

28 Safety Committee Members Departmental Safety Liaisons/Champions Senior Executives Managers at all levels within the organization Crew Chiefs Foremen Future Supervisory Candidates Supervisors Leadership Group Leaders Targeted Toward

29 Safety Trained Supervisor® (STS®) Examination Contents 10 Tasks: – New Employee Orientation 9.5% – Basis S&H Hazard Recognition 10.7% – S&H Meetings 9.3% – Inspect Tools & Equipment 9.7% – Job S&H Inspections 9.7% – Pretask S&H Hazard Analysis 10.6% – Issue & Monitor PPE 9.6% – Plan for S&H Hazard Prevention 10.7% – Apply S&H Standards on Jobsite 11.1% – Investigate Accidents/Incidents 9.3%


31 Observed Benefits – URS 2000-2012 88% reduction in recordable injuries & illnesses 88% reduction in worker’s compensation costs Increased competence in supervisory safety decisions Improved quality of safety inspections & audits Demonstrated commitment to employee professional development Enhanced technical confidence level Improved productivity and profitability on projects Continued professional development Demonstrated commitment to Zero Injuries vision Project Managers achieving STS Certification Executives & Engineers achieving STS Certification 400 Projects: 85% Zero Recordables & 95% Zero Lost Time

32 Observed Benefits – Clark Const. Decreasing incident rates Increased involvement in all safety efforts Decreased worker’s compensation and general liability Increased overall safety program and OSHA compliance Increased professionalism and safety ownership Increase morale Better client and subcontractor relationships Increased\better marketing capabilities

33 Hensel Phelps Construction Co. Better training and preparation of supervision Met and sustained challenge of zero accidents STS supervisors able to take on additional project safety responsibilities Contributed to support of safety culture and zero accident values Overall better organization

34 “The utilization of the Safety Trained Supervisor (STS) program has provided a path for greater training and retention of safety knowledge, confidence to make safety decisions and actively manage the safety related functions in our daily work execution for our supervision. The STS training, certification and validation process is the single best activity we have implemented for all levels of our supervision and management.” Brad Giles, CSP, P.E., STS Sr. V.P. EH&S and Security, URS

35 Occupational Health and Safety Technologist® (OHST®) Certification OR Construction Health and Safety Technician® (CHST®) Certification

36 Qualifications Education: ◦ Have high school diploma/GED Experience: – Have 5 years of health and safety experience with 35% of primary job duties in safety and health ◦ Experience can be waived or partially waived if: ◦ associate degree or higher in safety (ABET 5 yr; non- ABET 4 yr), ◦ associate degree in technical scientific disciplines (2 yr), ◦ other fields (Assoc 1 yr Bachelor or Master 2 yr) Competence: ◦ Demonstrated through examination

37 Examination Computer delivered ◦ Available daily at testing centers 4 hour exam with 200 multiple choice questions, covering: ◦ Worksite Assessment – 34% ◦ Hazard Control and Loss Prevention – 31% ◦ Verification – 17% ◦ Disaster Planning and Emergency Response – 14% ◦ Professional Responsibility – 4% Counts as 1 year of experience for CSP Recertification period every 5 years – 20 points needed Costs: ◦ Application fee $140* ◦ Exam fee$300* ◦ Annual Renewal $120* *non-refundable; subject to change without notice

38 Qualifications Education (meet 1 of 3): ◦ Have high school diploma/GED AND  Qualify as an OSHA-authorized instructor OR  Have 40 hours of formal safety training OR  Have 3 years of construction experience with 35% of duties in safety ◦ Have 9 semester hours or 14 quarter hours of college credit in safety ◦ Hold an associate degree or higher in safety Experience: ◦ 3 years construction AND 2 years supervisory (can be concurrent) ◦ 3 years construction AND 2 years with 35% of duties in safety ◦ 2 years construction AND 9 semester hours or 14 quarter hours of safety college credit ◦ 2 years construction and associate or higher degree in safety ◦ 1 year construction AND associate or higher degree in safety (ABET) Competence: ◦ Demonstrated through examination

39 Examination Computer delivered ◦ Available daily at testing centers 4 hour exam with 200 multiple choice questions, covering: ◦ Program Management – 29% ◦ Worksite Auditing – 40% ◦ Training – 27% ◦ Professional Responsibility – 4% Counts as 1 year of experience for CSP Recertification period every 5 years 20 points needed Costs: ◦ Application fee $140* ◦ Exam fee$300* ◦ Annual Renewal $120* *non-refundable; subject to change without notice

40 Associate Safety Professional® Designation (ASP®) AND Certified Safety Professional® Certification (CSP®)

41 Education Requirement ASP®/CSP® Minimum – Associate in Safety (from an accredited school) – Bachelor’s in any field (from an accredited school) Academic Requirement – 48 points needed for Safety Fundamentals (ASP) – Additional 48 points needed for Comprehensive Practice (CSP) – Points awarded based on degree type earned + additional experience Eligible for Safety Fundamentals when Academic Requirement met – Graduate study counts toward experience

42 Experience Requirement 1 month = 1 unit 4 years minimum Professional Experience – Full time position (or part time – 900 hrs/yr) – Safety is at least 50% of position – Must be at professional level (responsible charge) – Breadth: safety tasks, hazard types, etc. OHST/CHST count as one year of experience – they are stepping stones to the CSP for many

43 Recertification Requirements 25 Points Every 5 Years Aligned with CIH and CHMM Costs: ◦ Application fee $160* ◦ Exam fee$350* ◦ Annual Renewal $150* 10 Categories – Practice – Membership – Service – Publishing, presenting, patents – Writing exam questions – Professional Development Conferences – Safety-related courses, seminars, quizzes – Continuing Education – New Advanced Degree – Other Certifications/re-examination *non-refundable; subject to change without notice

44 Reciprocal Agreements for CSP Certification Waiver of the Safety Fundamentals exam – Reciprocal Agreements: Board of Canadian Registered Safety Professionals Institution of Occupational Safety and Health Singapore Institution of Safety Officers Safety Institute of Australia – Waivers: CIH P.E. GSP

45 GSP Requirements Benefits of Becoming a GSP – Recognition for being in a path toward the CSP certification. – Recognition for the level of preparation for professional safety practice. – A waiver of the application fee. – A waiver of the Safety Fundamentals examination. – A certificate awarding the GSP designation. Applying for the GSP – Submit the GSP Application through your program’s QAP Coordinator. – If you graduated within the program's ABET accredited period, submit the GSP Retroactivity Application forms and official transcripts directly to BCSP. – BCSP will send you a GSP package indicating you have been awarded the GSP designation and you may begin using the mark. GSP Time Limit – GSPs must sit for and pass the Comprehensive Practice examination within three years of the date on which you become eligible. GSPs may pursue up to two, one-year eligibility extensions.

46 Continuing Education Opportunities Available – Traditional Programs University or College – 4 year programs Jr. College – 2 year programs – None Traditional Programs Nights and/or Weekend programs Online programs – Hybrid Programs Online and Traditional (combination of both programs types) “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” Nelson Mandela




50 Educational Programs 1)Distance Learning – Accredited Programs – Trinidad Community College – AS – Findley University – BS – Oakland University – BS/MS 2)Traditional Universities (GSP) – 16 ABET Accredited Safety & Health – 40 Industrial Hygiene, Fire Protection, Environmental

51 Online Academic Directory

52 The Future ASP designation into a stand-alone certification Expanded GSP program (from 16 at 15 universities to 56 programs at 40 universities) eSafetySource launched Job Board will continue BCSP will continue to enhance our infrastructure to provide efficiency and meet the needs of our certificants, candidates, BCSP staff, and the safety profession.

53 Thank You

54 Your Personal Journey to Certification

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