Presentation on theme: "The Gold Standard in Safety Certification"— Presentation transcript:
1The Gold Standard in Safety Certification The Building Blocks of Certifications of Value
2HistoryCelebrating 40 years in service to the safety, health and environmental profession, the Board of Certified Safety Professionals (BCSP) raised the bar for safety practitioners from the “guys who put posters up” to today’s safety professional crafting ways to eliminate hazards, manage safety standards and compliance.Since the late 1960s, the profession gradually accepted certification as the most important step in professional development and has resulted in a higher level of knowledge and expertise. From humble beginnings to today’s “gold standard,” BCSP, with the Certified Safety Professional (CSP) certification, remains the leader in advancing the safety, health and environmental professional.
3Value of Certification GeneralRaises barLevels playing fieldProvides benchmarkDemonstrates competencyEmployersPrescreens candidatesPublic imageIndicator of professionalismSafety ProfessionalsPersonal fulfillmentPeer recognitionPay and positionCompetitive advantageDemonstrates credibilityGovernment AgenciesContract qualificationsTask performance qualificationsHigher public assurance of competency
4What is Certification Voluntary process It is NOT Set standards EducationalExperienceExaminationEvaluates individuals against standardsAwards certification and use of markRequires continuing professional developmentIt is NOTLicense to practicePermanentMembershipCertificate of completion
5Certification vs. Certificate Results from an assessment processResults from an educational processTypically requires some amount of professional experienceFor new comers and experienced professional alikeAwarded by a third-party, standard-setting organizationAwarded by training and educational programs or institutionsIndicates master/competency as measured against a defensible set of standards, usually by application or examIndicates completion of a course or series of courses with a specific focus; is different than a degree granting programStandards set through a defensible, industry-wide process (job analysis/role delineation) that results in an outline of required knowledge and skillsCourse content set a variety of ways (faculty committee; dean; instructor; occasionally though defensible analysis of topic care)Typically results in a designation to use after one’s name; may result in a document to hand on the wall or keep in a walletUsually listed on a resume detailing education; may result in a document to hand on the wallHas on-going requirements to maintain; individual must demonstrate knowledge of content; holder must demonstrate he/she continues to meet requirementsIs the end result; individual may or may not demonstrate knowledge of course content at the end of a set period in time
7Step 1: Role Delineation/Job Analysis 2-3 day meeting of 8-15 subject matter experts (SMEs) with respective certificationGeographically, industry, and demographically dispersedReview/revise blueprintDomains; Tasks; Knowledge; SkillsDetermine for each taskImportanceknowledge of task is essential to job performance of minimally competent professionalCriticalityadverse effects could result if professional is not knowledgeable in the taskFrequencytime the professional spends performing duties within the task
8Step 2: Validation Survey This survey determines how many questions belong in each domain Send new blueprint to 1,000+ (if available) credential holders to re-establish for each taskImportanceCriticalityFrequencyRole delineation and validation survey report is submitted by the Psychometrician and reviewed/approved by the Board of Directors Examination Committee followed by the Board
9Step 3: Exam Assembly Exam department revises exam items based on: New blueprint specificationsAnnual statistical analysis of each itemNew Exam is reviewed/revised by the PsychometricianTypically “experimental” itemsNot scoredStatistically determine future usability as scored itemFor example: 200 question exam has 25 non-scored itemsNew items pulled from “experimental” itemsAlso from item bank
10Step 3 Side Note: New Items Development SMEs and chartered groups of SMEs write and submit itemsReviewed by Director of ExaminationsSent for second review to different SMEsVerified for validity by SMEs
11Step 4: Cut Score 2-3 day meeting of 8-15 SMEs w/certification Geographically, industry, and demographically dispersedSMEs take the exam, Psychometrician uses modified Angoff method to determine cut score rangeStatistical mean of the group’s ratings regarding difficulty of individual itemsGenerally accepted best practice and well supported by case lawCut score process and recommended range is reported by PsychometricianResults reviewed/approved by Exam Committee & BoardExact cut score based on recommendation of PsychometricianBoard approves cut score decisionConservative score is chosen and stats are run on first exams to ensure adequacy of cut score
12Step 5: Annual Statistics Run on all exams annuallyStats are analyzed to determine eligibility for future or continued use of itemsStats are on reliability of entire exam and each itemLevel of difficultyDiscriminationUniquenessImplausibility of distractersMiskey of distractersScored items vs. non-scoredNOTE: There are “experimental” items in each exam that are not scored, but stats are run on them to determine usability in future exams200 question exams have 25 non-scored items
13Step 6: Revalidation Why Terms of Retaining Accreditation Keep examinations currentProtect programProtect validity of examinationsMaintain accreditationTerms of Retaining AccreditationRevalidate examinations every 5-8 yearsDemonstrate reliability and validity of exam productMaintain security to ensure intellectual property and confidentiality
15Accreditation Assures GovernanceNominations/electionsPeer participationPublic participationFinancial disclosureStability and financial conditionBudget detailsFairness to candidatesExaminationsValidityReliabilityPassing scoresRecertificationIndependence from preparationManagement systems
16CSP AccreditationAmerican National Standards Institute – ANSI (ISO 17024)Assigns auditorsCredentialing based experienceReviews submitted, required materialsConducts site visit for conformityNational Commission for Certifying Agencies – NCCAPeer review processEstablishes standardsEvaluates compliance with standardsResource
17ISO/IEC 17024: International Accreditation Released in 2003Designed to harmonize the personnel certification process worldwideReplaced European Union’s EN (1989), which was published in the UK as BS 7513:1989.The issues addressed:Defining what it is you examine (the competencies)Knowledge, skills and personal attributesExamination must be independentExamination must be a valid test of competenceWhere competency is typically described as:“The demonstrated ability to apply knowledge, skills and attributes”
18ISO/IEC 17024: International Accreditation Administered in multiple countriesAmerican National Standards Institute (ANSI)38 organizations109 certificationsStandards Council Canada (SCC)5 organizations9 certificationsJoint Accreditation System of Australia and New Zealand (JAZ-ANZ)United Kingdom Accreditation Services (UKAS)
19CSP Requirements Currently over 13,000 certificants EducationMinimum of Associates degree in Safety and Health or Bachelors degree in any subjectExperienceMinimum of 3 years, but usually 4 years for most (credit given for higher degrees and other certifications)ExaminationTwo exam process:Safety Fundamentals exam = Associate Safety Professional designationComprehensive Practice exam = Certified Safety Professional certificationRecertification25 points in a 5 year cycle
20Reciprocal Agreements for Certification CSP (these organizations receive a waiver of the Safety Fundamentals exam)Board of Canadian Registered Safety ProfessionalsInstitution of Occupational Safety and HealthSingapore Institution of Safety OfficersSafety Institute of AustraliaWaivers:CIHP.E.
21Other BCSP Certifications and Designations Professional:Associate Safety Professional (ASP) – (designation; soon to be certification)Graduate Safety Practitioner (GSP) – (designation)Certified Safety Professional (CSP)Technician, Technologist, Supervisor:Occupational Health and Safety Technologist (OHST)AOHST (designation)Construction Health and Safety Technician (CHST)ACHST (designation)Safety Trainer Supervisor (STS) – General Ind., Construction, Petrochemical, MiningTrainer:Certified Environmental, Safety and Health Trainer (CET)Certified Instructional Technologist (CIT)
22Preference for OSH Professionals with Accredited Certifications U.S. Government relying on ANSI accreditation for verification of quality of certification programs and to control fraud and misuse in certain industries. Agencies closely associated with ANSI accreditation include:Food and Drug AdministrationDepartment of DefenseState RegulationMassachusetts Securities CommissionOccupational Safety and Health AdministrationRegulatory Recognition:British Columbia WorkSafeBC-OHS Regulations - Part 9 Confined Spaces: … subsection (1) (a) qualifications which are acceptable as evidence of adequate training and experience include (a) certified industrial hygienist (CIH), registered occupational hygienist (ROH), certified safety professional (CSP), Canadian registered safety professional (CRSP) or professional engineer (P. Eng.), provided that the holders of these qualifications have experience in the recognition, evaluation and control of hazards.
23Conclusion: BCSP Accredited Competency Assessment Model International influencePsychometric developmentAccreditationISO/IEC expansionHarmonization of systems for developing and maintaining certification schemes creates an environment for mutual recognition and global exchange of personnelTransportability of certificationsEmployers, government, public requiring accredited competency based certification