2Welcome to Government Class! AbsentWebpageClassroom ExpectationsTest RetakesHigh Achieving Student
3Midterm Elections…What were the results? How do these results impact you? Our Government?
4Midterm ElectionsThere are six different stations around the room. Move to each station and read the article, look at the statistics, analyze the cartoon, and write a response.Your response, quality of response, and time will be graded. Be a high achieving student!
5Share resultsEach group will share comments about each topic/picture/graph/cartoon/article.
6ReflectionWhat do the results of the midterm elections say about the feelings of Americans toward our current government? View this at a local level, state level, and a national level. Your responses will be turned in.
8Principles of Government What is “the state” ?Taken from the Latin stare (to stand) a state is a political community that occupies a definite territory; having an organized government with the authority to make and enforce laws without the consent of a higher authority.Synonymous with the term country and nation-stateThis is NOT a state in the United States.* Not to be confused with nation, which is defined as a group of people united by some common bond. Such as…
9What are the features of a state? Principles of GovernmentWhat are the features of a state?PopulationTerritory / landSovereignty – supreme and absolute power within its territorial boundaries. For example…Government – the institution and processes through which the state maintains social order, provides public services, and enforces binding decisions. Such as…
10Principles of Government Origins of the StateHow did states and governments come into being? Four theories:Evolution TheoryForce TheoryDivine RightSocial Contract
11Evolution Theory Examples… Principles of Government States evolved from family unitsFamilies grew into large extended units or tribesHeads of the family served as a government How so…Evolved into tribal councils with a hierarchy of authorityExamples…
12Force Theory Principles of Government Governments emerged when people are were brought under the control of some authorityStates emerged from the conquest of other families or tribes
13Divine Right Principles of Government Belief that kings are chosen by a deity to rule the state Ancient examples include Egyptians and Aztecs15th Century Europe, the belief is used by royalty as the justification for absolute ruleTo question the king was not only treason but seen as a sin against God
14State?In terms of government….what characteristics describe a state?
15SovereigntyWhat is the difference between: Absolute Sovereignty: Popular Sovereignty:
16Government Theories….Define: Evolution Theory Force Theory Divine Right Theory
17Social Contract ~ Hobbes Principles of GovernmentSocial Contract ~ Hobbes17th Century & The Age of Enlightenment, People begin to challenge the monarchy and the idea of Divine RightThomas Hobbes promotes the concept of government by social contract
18Hobbes ~ Social Contract Principles of GovernmentHobbes ~ Social ContractIn a “State of Nature” there is no government and man is free.However, absolute freedom has a price… life is “cruel, brutish and short” Why?To escape this cruel reality, men would give up some freedom to the state; in return the government (state) would offer people security through law & order
19Locke ~ Social Contract Principles of GovernmentLocke ~ Social ContractJohn Locke took Hobbes ideas one step further by promoting the “right to revolution”Locke believed that if the government fails to provide people with security or if the state abused its power over the people the people could change the government. Does this happen today?
26GovernmentWrite the main events that you participate in during the day.Look at your daily events, and make notes next to each activity stating if/how the government plays a role. Education: Teachers receive federal money for retirement and schools receive federal money.
27Purposes of Government Government decisions are binding on all citizensGovernment has the authority to require all citizens to obey these decisions AND the power to punish those who do not obey
28The Purposes of Government Government Authority Comes From:1 – Legitimacy = the willingness of citizens to obey the governmentU.S. government is based on the consent of the people2 – Coercive Force = can force citizens to follow decisions AND punish offenders through the police, court system, or military
29Functions of Government 1 – To maintain social orderPeople need government to maintain social order because they cannot live in groups without conflictSome people may try to take advantage of othersGovernments provide ways of resolving conflictMakes and enforces laws
30Functions of Government 2 – To provide public servicesProvide essential services that make community life possible and promote the general welfareEx. – Water & Sewer Systems, Public Health & Safety, Education
31Functions of Government 3 – To provide for national security and a common defenseProtect citizens against attacks by other states or from threats of terrorismHandles relations with foreign nationsEx. Treaties & Trade Agreements
32Functions of Government 4 – To provide for and control the economic systemGovernments pass laws that shape the economic environment of the nationEx. – Provide National Currency, Distribute Benefits, Control Inflation, Develop Natural Resources
33Purpose of GovernmentAll 4 functions share a single fundamental purpose:TO SERVE THE PUBLIC GOOD & WELL-BEING OF SOCIETY
34Create a Mind MapDraw a mind map focusing on the functions of government. Include the functions and words to describe each function. Include a picture for each function. Stick people are acceptable.
35GovernmentList the functions and purpose of government.