Bell Ringer 1.What are differences between rights and responsibilities? 2.What are some rights you have as a student? 3.What are some responsibilities?
Rights vs. Responsibil ities Rights: Freedom that you have from government interference Responsibility: an obligation that you are required by law to carry out
C.A.Ps Key points to know: –Makes up 10% of your grade –NO LATE C.A.Ps accepted –Must use reliable sources –Must use APA –Make sure to sign up NEXT CLASS PERIOD!! –Create a citelighter.com School code: westadastudent15 Class code: bunt5524
Pair-Share With a partner write five ways the government regulates our behavior. Be ready to share with the class. Answer these questions: –Does the American government play a big or small role in the lives of its citizens? –How much of a role should the government play? –What types of activities should it have a role in, and what things should be left up to the citizens? –In what ways are we asked to contribute or participate in our government? –What can we do to influence or change the government?
Roles of Government in Your Life Write down 10 activities you do everyday Does the government play a role? What level of the government is involved – is there a specific agency?
Exit Ticket Explain what you think this statement means in relation to government: “To be free, one must be chained.”
Bell Ringer What would life be like without a government? What are the advantages/disadvanta ges? Explain.
GovernmentGovernment – Institution through which society makes and enforces public policy – Made up of people who exercise powers and have authority over people Public policyPublic policy – Things government decides to do – Taxation, defense, education, crime, health care, transportation, environment, civil rights, working conditions, etc. “If men were angels no government would be necessary.” – James Madison
Basic government powers Legislative makes laws and frames public policyExecutive executes, enforces, and administers lawsJudicial interprets laws and settles disputes
State A body of people living in a defined territory, organized politically with the power to make and enforce laws Dominant political unit in the world today (~190) In popular usage, a state is often called a nation or a country.
Four characteristics of the stateFour characteristics of the state – 1. Population – 2. Territory – 3. Sovereignty Supreme and absolute power within its own territory – 4. Government
Origins of the State Read your assigned theory on the origins of the state with your group.Read your assigned theory on the origins of the state with your group. –Textbook pgs. 7-8 Define and describe in your foldableDefine and describe in your foldable Come up with a skit where ALL members must participate that illustrates your assigned theory.Come up with a skit where ALL members must participate that illustrates your assigned theory.
Exit Ticket What are the four theories on the Origins of the state?
Bell Ringer Define what a state is and how states must be described.
Origins of the State Evolutionary Theory States evolved from family units Families grew into large extended units or tribes Heads of families served as a government Evolved into tribal councils with a hierarchy of authority Force Theory Governments emerged when people were brought under the control of an authority One group conquers another and forces it to submit
Origins of the State Divine Right Theory Beliefs kings are chosen by a deity to rule the state 15 th c. Europe – belief is used by royalty to justify absolute rule Social Contract Theory 17 th c. & Age of Enlightenment – people challenge monarchy and idea of Divine Right State arose out of a voluntary act of free people
Exit Ticket What are the four political philosophies on the origin of the state you need to know about?