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The Causes of the Civil War Resource Unit Julie Wilcox AYA Social Studies Candidate Phase II A Winter Quarter 2008.

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Presentation on theme: "The Causes of the Civil War Resource Unit Julie Wilcox AYA Social Studies Candidate Phase II A Winter Quarter 2008."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Causes of the Civil War Resource Unit Julie Wilcox AYA Social Studies Candidate Phase II A Winter Quarter 2008

2 I. Introduction Who: eighth grade American history students What: Causes of the Civil War unit Where: West Carrollton Middle School When: March 2008 How Long: three weeks

3 II. Content a.Summary of subject matter: The Unit will be divided into three sections (weeks one, two, and three). b.Appropriate concepts and vocabulary: The appropriate concepts and vocabulary in relation to the objectives stated previously can be found in chapters of: Davidson and Stoff. (2003) The American Nation. Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

4 Content week one Monday Chapter 14 Section 1: Industry in the North New inventions: farm machines (steel plow, mechanical reapers), communication (telegraph/Morse code), transportation (steam powered locomotive/railroad boom, clipper ships) New inventions: farm machines (steel plow, mechanical reapers), communication (telegraph/Morse code), transportation (steam powered locomotive/railroad boom, clipper ships) The expansion of the Northern industrial economy based on these new inventions The expansion of the Northern industrial economy based on these new inventions Section 2: Life in the North Factory life: conditions, families, demographics Factory life: conditions, families, demographics Organization of workers: trade unions, strikes, women in textile mills Organization of workers: trade unions, strikes, women in textile mills The Immigration wave: famine in Europe, contributions to labor, reactions to immigration (nativists and the Know-nothing party) The Immigration wave: famine in Europe, contributions to labor, reactions to immigration (nativists and the Know-nothing party) African Americans in the North: discrimination, successes African Americans in the North: discrimination, successesTuesday Chapter 14 Section 3: Agriculture in the South New inventions: cotton gin and its results (economically, on slavery) New inventions: cotton gin and its results (economically, on slavery) Economy based on agriculture: crops (rice, sugar cane, tobacco), the lack of industry and its results (dependency) Economy based on agriculture: crops (rice, sugar cane, tobacco), the lack of industry and its results (dependency) Section 4: Life in the South White Southerners: “cottonocracy” and plantation life, small farmers, the poor White Southerners: “cottonocracy” and plantation life, small farmers, the poor

5 Content- week one continued Wednesday Chapter 14 Section 4: Slavery African American Southerners: the free, the enslaved (slave codes, work, family life, religion, general treatment, resistance) African American Southerners: the free, the enslaved (slave codes, work, family life, religion, general treatment, resistance)Thursday Chapter 15 Section 2: Opposition to Slavery Roots of the Movement Roots of the Movement The Abolitionist Movement: two views within the movement, abolitionist leaders (Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, the Grimke sisters), literature (Uncle Tom’s Cabin) The Abolitionist Movement: two views within the movement, abolitionist leaders (Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, the Grimke sisters), literature (Uncle Tom’s Cabin) Underground Railroad Underground Railroad Opposition to Abolition Opposition to AbolitionFriday A/V Activity on Slavery A/V Activity on Slavery

6 Content week two Monday Chapter 15 Section 1: The Reforming Spirit Social reform and the Second Great Awakening Social reform and the Second Great Awakening Hospital and Prison Reform Hospital and Prison Reform Temperance Movement Temperance Movement Educational Reforms (African- Americans, the disabled, women) Educational Reforms (African- Americans, the disabled, women) Section 3: A Call for Women’s Rights The link between the abolitionist movement and the women’s rights movement The link between the abolitionist movement and the women’s rights movement Movement leaders (Grimke sisters, Sojourner Truth, Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton) and conventions (Seneca Falls) Movement leaders (Grimke sisters, Sojourner Truth, Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton) and conventions (Seneca Falls)Tuesday Chapter 16 Section 1: Slavery in the Territories Missouri Compromise in application to the Louisiana Purchase Lands Missouri Compromise in application to the Louisiana Purchase Lands Opposing views over slavery in the new western territories: (overview of viewpoints, Mexican Cession, Wilmot Proviso, popular sovereignty, the Free Soil party) Opposing views over slavery in the new western territories: (overview of viewpoints, Mexican Cession, Wilmot Proviso, popular sovereignty, the Free Soil party)

7 Content- week two continued Wednesday Chapter 16 Section 2: The Compromise of 1850 Why the slavery debate erupts again Why the slavery debate erupts again Henry Clay and the Compromise components Henry Clay and the Compromise components California enters as a free state California enters as a free state Mexican Cession divided into two territories (New Mexico and Utah) where voters decide slavery issue based on popular sovereignty Mexican Cession divided into two territories (New Mexico and Utah) where voters decide slavery issue based on popular sovereignty Slave trade ends in Washington D.C. Slave trade ends in Washington D.C. Fugitive Slave Law enacted Fugitive Slave Law enacted Texas and New Mexico territory dispute is settled Texas and New Mexico territory dispute is settled Reactions ReactionsThursday Chapter 16 Section 3: The Crisis Deepens Frederick Douglas and the Kansas- Nebraska Act Frederick Douglas and the Kansas- Nebraska Act View points (North, South) and reactions (border ruffians, two governments, “bleeding Kansas,” violence in the Senate) View points (North, South) and reactions (border ruffians, two governments, “bleeding Kansas,” violence in the Senate) The Dred Scott Case The Dred Scott CaseFriday A/V Activity on the Compromise of 1850 and other legislation that was covered this week

8 Content week three Monday Chapter 16 Section 4: The Republican Party Emerges Party platforms Party platforms Abe Lincoln emerges through Lincoln-Douglas debates Abe Lincoln emerges through Lincoln-Douglas debates John Brown’s raid and results John Brown’s raid and resultsTuesday Chapter 16 Section 5: The Nation Divides The Election of 1860 (results) The Election of 1860 (results) Reactions: secession, the Confederacy’s first actions, Fort Sumter Reactions: secession, the Confederacy’s first actions, Fort Sumter Wednesday and Thursday DVD Video summing up the unit Friday Unit test

9 III. Objectives The following standards will be covered throughout this unit. The 8 th grade social studies standards, developed by the state of Ohio, are the objectives for the unit.

10 History standards (objectives) 9. Explain causes of the Civil War with emphasis on: a. Slavery b. States’ rights c. The different economies of the North and South d. The extension of slavery into the territories, including the Dred Scott decision and the Kansas-Nebraska Act e. The abolitionist movement and the roles of Frederick Douglass and John Brown f. The addition of new states to the Union and their impact on the balance of power in the Senate, including the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of g. The emergence of Abraham Lincoln as a national figure in the Lincoln- Douglas debates, the presidential election of 1860, and the South’s secession.

11 People in Societies standards (objectives) 2. Describe and explain the social, economic, and political effects of: a. Stereotyping and prejudice b. Racism and discrimination c. Institutionalized racism and institutionalized discrimination 4. Analyze the economic, geographic, religious, and political factors that contributed to: a. The enslavement of Africans in North America b. Resistance to slavery 5. Describe the historical limitations on participation of women in U.S. society and their efforts to gain equal rights. 6. Explain how the diverse peoples of the United States developed a common national identity.

12 Geography (objectives) 1. Compare places and regions in the United States as they existed prior to 1877 with the same places and regions today to analyze changes in land use and population, political, social, and economic characteristics. 2. Analyze how physical characteristics of the environment influenced population distribution, settlement patterns, and economic activities in the United States during the 18 th and 19 th centuries. 3. Explain how… westward expansion, immigration, and advances in transportation and communication changed geographic patterns in the United States.

13 Economics (objectives) 1. Explain how the uneven distribution of productive resources influenced historic events such as the Civil War. 3. Explain the purpose and effects of trade barriers such as tariffs enacted before the Civil War.

14 Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities (objectives) 1. Show the relationship between participating in civic and political life and the attainment of individual and public goals including: b. The Underground Railroad and the abolitionist movement/ Abolition of slavery 3. Evaluate the role of historical figures and political bodies in furthering and restricting the rights of individuals including: d. Frederick Douglass and the abolitionist movement e. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and women’s rights

15 IV. Activities Many activities will be used throughout the unit to introduce and further develop key concepts pertinent to the unit topic, causes of the Civil Car. In addition, culminating activities will also be utilized.

16 Activities: the introduction to the lesson The material will be delivered through lecture for the first thirty minutes of most class periods. I will use a power point presentation combined with student reading from the text. The students will be provided with note sheets that include blanks spaces for them to fill in throughout the PowerPoint lecture. The students will be required to keep the notes in their notebooks and to use them as a resource for assignments and to study for the cumulative unit test.

17 Activities: the development of the lesson The students will do many activities in the remaining twenty minutes of each class period following the introductory lecture and note-taking based lessons. Friday of weeks one and two will be dedicated to activities with no lecture. Thursday of week two will also be dedicated exclusively to activities with no lecture. The type of activity and content will be directly related to what I feel the students need more work on to master the material they have studied that day. The activities will be taken from the Resource list at the end of the PowerPoint.

18 Activities: culminating the lesson The last Wednesday and Thursday of week three will be dedicated to one of the many DVD selections on the resource list that thoroughly summarizes the entire unit. Friday will be used as the unit testing day. On Tuesday of week three, a review activity from the resource list will be used to prepare for the test. It will be due Wednesday when the DVD begins and will be handed back on Thursday in preparation for the test on Friday.

19 V. Evaluation A unit test will be given to evaluate mastery of the concepts. This will be given on the Friday of the last week of the unit (week three). It will include multiple choice, true or false, and short answer questions.

20 Multiple Choice Question examples 1.) 1840’s inventions that effected the economy include all of the following except which one: A. Telegraph B. Sewing machine C. Telephone D. Mechanical reapers 2.) The political party that wanted to preserve America for native-born white citizens was: a. Republicans b. Whigs c. Democratic-Republicans d. Know-Nothings 3.) In 1793, Eli Whitney invented: a. Telegraph b. Steam powered engine c. Mechanical reaper d. Cotton gin

21 Multiple Choice Question examples continued 4.) 1860, African-Americans made up what percentage of the total population in the South? a. half (50%) b. One-quarter (25%) c. One-third (33%) d. One percent (1%) 5.) What were slave codes? a. Southern laws that restricting the freedoms of slaves in an effect to keep them from running away or revolting b. Systems of coded secret language writing that slaves used to communicate with each other c. The moral code of conduct that slaves felt they should abide by in all they do. d. Laws enacted to protect the rights of slaves.

22 True or False Question examples (objective questions) 1. True or False? Slavery in the North was outlawed in the early 1800s. 2. True or False? The Underground Railroad helped Americans to travel to and trade with the West more easily.

23 Short Essay Questions examples In a paragraph of four to five sentences, addrress the following questions? 1.) Explain the relationship between the invention of the cotton gin and the expansion of the slavery and plantation system. 2.) Explain the importance of the abolitionist movement to the end of slavery. Be sure to mention the roles of three key abolitionists in the response.

24 VI. Instructional Resources The following resources fall into two categories: Teacher resources Teacher resources Student resources Student resources Most of the resources can be used interchangeably between the two catagories. The media resources totaled twenty in number. They came from many audio-visual categories. All were found on the Social Studies School Service website.

25 Resources 1.) CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR Plantation slavery; the rise of King Cotton; the industrial North; sectional polarization; the Missouri Compromise; free blacks and the abolition movement; black resistance to slavery; Nat Turner's Rebellion; the ascent of the Republican Party; the Compromise of 1850; popular sovereignty; the Underground Railroad; Dred Scott; Abraham Lincoln; and the secession of Southern states. Video, DVD LV438V-WEB, LV438DV-WEB 1.) CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR Plantation slavery; the rise of King Cotton; the industrial North; sectional polarization; the Missouri Compromise; free blacks and the abolition movement; black resistance to slavery; Nat Turner's Rebellion; the ascent of the Republican Party; the Compromise of 1850; popular sovereignty; the Underground Railroad; Dred Scott; Abraham Lincoln; and the secession of Southern states. Video, DVD LV438V-WEB, LV438DV-WEB 2.) CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR Examines the tensions that eventually led to armed conflict. Topics include sectional differences, slavery, agrarian versus manufacturing economies, territories seeking statehood, and compromises that merely postponed the war. 2.) CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR Examines the tensions that eventually led to armed conflict. Topics include sectional differences, slavery, agrarian versus manufacturing economies, territories seeking statehood, and compromises that merely postponed the war. PowerPoint HSG174P-WEB 3.) CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR GAME Students apply their knowledge of the Antebellum Period to make decisions on the issues which divided the country. 3.) CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR GAME Students apply their knowledge of the Antebellum Period to make decisions on the issues which divided the country. Simulations HSG113-WEB

26 Resources 4.) LESSONS ON AMERICAN HISTORY: PART SEVEN This is an activity book including sections on: 4.) LESSONS ON AMERICAN HISTORY: PART SEVEN This is an activity book including sections on: 77. Slavery and the Abolitionists 78. The Slavery Compromises 79. Causes of the Civil War 80. Taylor, Fillmore, Pierce, and Buchanan 81. Election of The Civil War Begins 83. Major Battles of the Civil War 84. Gettysburg and Vicksburg 85. Reading: Andersonville Prison 86. The Civil War Game 87. To Tell the Truth: Abraham Lincoln 88. Crossword: The Civil War Period 89. Reconstruction 90. Note Cards: The Civil War and Reconstruction Reproducibles SHL177-WEB76.

27 Resources NATIONAL CENTER FOR HISTORY IN THE SCHOOLS CURRICULUM UNITS: U.S. History Help students prepare for DBQs with these primary source-based units that focus on particular historical episodes and turning points. Divided into three or more lessons, each unit includes objectives, teacher background materials, source documents (such as letters, Congressional testimony, speeches, photographs, maps, drawings, and paintings), reproducible worksheets, guided activities, and bibliographies. Spiralbound. 8½" x 11". ©1991–2002. NATIONAL CENTER FOR HISTORY IN THE SCHOOLS CURRICULUM UNITS: U.S. History Help students prepare for DBQs with these primary source-based units that focus on particular historical episodes and turning points. Divided into three or more lessons, each unit includes objectives, teacher background materials, source documents (such as letters, Congressional testimony, speeches, photographs, maps, drawings, and paintings), reproducible worksheets, guided activities, and bibliographies. Spiralbound. 8½" x 11". ©1991– ) THE ANTEBELLUM WOMEN'S MOVEMENT, 1820–1860 NH163-WEB 6.) ABRAHAM LINCOLN AND SLAVERY NH124-WEB 7.) AVENGING ANGEL? John Brown, the Harpers Ferry Raid and the "Irrepressible" Conflict NH170-WEB

28 Resources 8.) AMERICAN HISTORY REVIEWS A welcome aid for busy teachers, this practical and timesaving book contains 41 review exercises organized by historical period from pre-Columbian times to Ronald Reagan. Students complete each multipage worksheet by filling in 30 numbered blank lines with names and terms from a word bank. (Note: for testing or an extra challenge, the word bank can be added to with dummy answers or omitted). Review exercise titles include colonial life and government, Constitutional Convention, Federalist Era, Age of Jackson, Mexican War, causes of the Civil War, Progressive Era, Great Depression and the New Deal, rise of the dictators, the Cold War, and a changing America (U.S. in the 1970s). Grades 7–12. Answer key. Spiralbound. 8½" x 11". Teacher's Discovery. 108 pages. © ) AMERICAN HISTORY REVIEWS A welcome aid for busy teachers, this practical and timesaving book contains 41 review exercises organized by historical period from pre-Columbian times to Ronald Reagan. Students complete each multipage worksheet by filling in 30 numbered blank lines with names and terms from a word bank. (Note: for testing or an extra challenge, the word bank can be added to with dummy answers or omitted). Review exercise titles include colonial life and government, Constitutional Convention, Federalist Era, Age of Jackson, Mexican War, causes of the Civil War, Progressive Era, Great Depression and the New Deal, rise of the dictators, the Cold War, and a changing America (U.S. in the 1970s). Grades 7–12. Answer key. Spiralbound. 8½" x 11". Teacher's Discovery. 108 pages. ©2001. Reproducible activity book TS117-WEB 9-11.) 10 EASY-TO-READ AMERICAN HISTORY PLAYS THAT REACH ALL KINDS OF READERS: Reproducible, Read-Aloud Plays on Key Topics That Help Struggling Readers Learn the Content They Need to Know By Sarah Glasscock. Written on a third grade reading level, these exciting and fun-to-read plays make U.S. history come alive even for challenged readers. Topics include Columbus’s explorations, Jamestown, the Pilgrims at Plymouth, the Boston Tea Party, Paul Revere’s Ride, Valley Forge, the Underground Railroad, the Civil War, the Transcontinental Railroad, and immigration. Background information, vocabulary list, creative activities, writing prompts, and Internet and literature links follow each original, fact-based play. Reading level: 3. Interest level: 4–8. Illustrated. 8½" x 11". Scholastic. 80 pages. © ) 10 EASY-TO-READ AMERICAN HISTORY PLAYS THAT REACH ALL KINDS OF READERS: Reproducible, Read-Aloud Plays on Key Topics That Help Struggling Readers Learn the Content They Need to Know By Sarah Glasscock. Written on a third grade reading level, these exciting and fun-to-read plays make U.S. history come alive even for challenged readers. Topics include Columbus’s explorations, Jamestown, the Pilgrims at Plymouth, the Boston Tea Party, Paul Revere’s Ride, Valley Forge, the Underground Railroad, the Civil War, the Transcontinental Railroad, and immigration. Background information, vocabulary list, creative activities, writing prompts, and Internet and literature links follow each original, fact-based play. Reading level: 3. Interest level: 4–8. Illustrated. 8½" x 11". Scholastic. 80 pages. ©2001. Reproducible activities book INS138-WEB

29 Resources 12.) 100 SOCIAL STUDIES ACTIVITIES have short readings followed by who-what- where-when-why questions, agree/disagree statements, dictionary exercises, prompts for factual or creative writing, and opinion generators. Formatted in a three-ring notebook with large type and ample space for answers, the activities work well for whole-class instruction, homework, or extra credit. Sample titles: "Off With Their Heads" (Hammurabi's Code), "Stopping the Black Death," "A Civil War Secret" (women as soldiers), "The Scramble for Africa," and "Street Kids" (homeless children in Brazil). Reading level: grades 4–6. Interest level: grades 5–10. Answer key. 8½" x 11". Saddleback. 117 pages. © ) 100 SOCIAL STUDIES ACTIVITIES have short readings followed by who-what- where-when-why questions, agree/disagree statements, dictionary exercises, prompts for factual or creative writing, and opinion generators. Formatted in a three-ring notebook with large type and ample space for answers, the activities work well for whole-class instruction, homework, or extra credit. Sample titles: "Off With Their Heads" (Hammurabi's Code), "Stopping the Black Death," "A Civil War Secret" (women as soldiers), "The Scramble for Africa," and "Street Kids" (homeless children in Brazil). Reading level: grades 4–6. Interest level: grades 5–10. Answer key. 8½" x 11". Saddleback. 117 pages. ©1997. Reproducible activity book SB100-WEB 13.) 15 FUN-TO-READ AMERICAN HISTORY MINI-BOOKS Specially geared to struggling readers, these engaging 8-page nonfiction stories are told in comic strip form with descriptive text, dialog, and expressive drawings. Background information, discussion prompts, writing extensions, vocabulary, and book links are included. Among the 15 subjects: explorers, Jamestown, Boston Tea Party, Paul Revere, George Washington, Lewis and Clark, Oregon Trail, California Gold Rush, Civil War, and Ellis Island. Grades 3–5. 8½" x 10½". Scholastic. Approximately 80 pages. © ) 15 FUN-TO-READ AMERICAN HISTORY MINI-BOOKS Specially geared to struggling readers, these engaging 8-page nonfiction stories are told in comic strip form with descriptive text, dialog, and expressive drawings. Background information, discussion prompts, writing extensions, vocabulary, and book links are included. Among the 15 subjects: explorers, Jamestown, Boston Tea Party, Paul Revere, George Washington, Lewis and Clark, Oregon Trail, California Gold Rush, Civil War, and Ellis Island. Grades 3–5. 8½" x 10½". Scholastic. Approximately 80 pages. ©2000 Downloadable E-book (5 MB) SCB457E-WEB

30 Resources 14.) ABRAHAM AND MARY LINCOLN: A House Divided Directed by David Grubin. "He is to be president of the United States someday," predicted Mary Todd. "If I had not thought so, I never would have married him, for you can see he is not pretty." The marriage of a backwoods railsplitter and the upper-class Southern belle who drove him to his success—a couple bound by love and ambition, but bitterly divided by their backgrounds—becomes the key to understanding a dark period of U.S. history. Seen here through Lincoln’s eyes, the national tragedy of the Civil War becomes Lincoln’s personal nightmare—an approach that gives a powerful emotional heft to the archival photographs, location footage, atmospheric re-creations, and interviews with renowned historians in this six-part documentary produced for The American Experience. Note: the production considers racist language and stereotypes. Narrated by David McCullough. Mary Lincoln’s voice: Holly Hunter. Special DVD features: interviews with the director and cinematographer, and the documentary The Time of the Lincolns. Grades 7 and up. Closed captioned. Color. Total time: 6 hours. PBS/WGBH. © ) ABRAHAM AND MARY LINCOLN: A House Divided Directed by David Grubin. "He is to be president of the United States someday," predicted Mary Todd. "If I had not thought so, I never would have married him, for you can see he is not pretty." The marriage of a backwoods railsplitter and the upper-class Southern belle who drove him to his success—a couple bound by love and ambition, but bitterly divided by their backgrounds—becomes the key to understanding a dark period of U.S. history. Seen here through Lincoln’s eyes, the national tragedy of the Civil War becomes Lincoln’s personal nightmare—an approach that gives a powerful emotional heft to the archival photographs, location footage, atmospheric re-creations, and interviews with renowned historians in this six-part documentary produced for The American Experience. Note: the production considers racist language and stereotypes. Narrated by David McCullough. Mary Lincoln’s voice: Holly Hunter. Special DVD features: interviews with the director and cinematographer, and the documentary The Time of the Lincolns. Grades 7 and up. Closed captioned. Color. Total time: 6 hours. PBS/WGBH. ©2001 BOXED SET: 3 DVDs ("letterbox") WV108DV-WEB 15.) AFRICAN-AMERICAN EXPERIENCE ON FILE 15.) AFRICAN-AMERICAN EXPERIENCE ON FILE Reproducible timelines, maps, tables, graphs, and illustrations are accompanied by well-researched captions to compose a multifaceted history of the African American experience. Images in the first chapter recall the African continent's rich cultural heritage—from the first humans through the end of apartheid. Subsequent chapters examine slavery in early America, the antebellum and Civil War years, the "Jim Crow" era, the early 20th century, and the civil rights era. The final chapter considers late 20th-century historical incidents and statistics (in health, employment, and education, for instance) that shed light on the present situation of African Americans. The CD-ROM also has a searchable index. Grades 7–12. Bibliography. Source notes. Facts on File. ©1999. CD-ROM FF392CD-WEB

31 Resources 16.) THE AGE OF REVOLUTION—1750–1914: World History on File, Volume 3 Highlights include the American and French revolutions, the Napoleonic wars, the Irish rebellion, the Industrial Revolution, Latin American revolutions, the Opium wars, the Mexican-American War, the revolutions of 1848, the British Raj, the unifications of Germany and Italy, the American Civil War, and colonialism. 126 reproducible pages, binder FF403-WEB 16.) THE AGE OF REVOLUTION—1750–1914: World History on File, Volume 3 Highlights include the American and French revolutions, the Napoleonic wars, the Irish rebellion, the Industrial Revolution, Latin American revolutions, the Opium wars, the Mexican-American War, the revolutions of 1848, the British Raj, the unifications of Germany and Italy, the American Civil War, and colonialism. 126 reproducible pages, binder FF403-WEB 17.) AMERICA'S WESTWARD EXPANSION This six-part program traces westward expansion from 1783 to the dawn of the Civil War. After a brief introduction, segments cover the problems of a new nation, the Louisiana Purchase, displacing Native Americans, Texas expansion, the Oregon Trail, and the Mexican War. Using archival images enhanced with camera movement and a fact-filled narration, the program attempts to show the viewpoints of both the original inhabitants and the newcomers. The 22-page teacher's guide includes objectives, pre- and postviewing lessons, reproducible activity sheets, the script, and suggestions for further reading. Grades 5– 12. Color. 30 minutes. Knowledge Unlimited. © ) AMERICA'S WESTWARD EXPANSION This six-part program traces westward expansion from 1783 to the dawn of the Civil War. After a brief introduction, segments cover the problems of a new nation, the Louisiana Purchase, displacing Native Americans, Texas expansion, the Oregon Trail, and the Mexican War. Using archival images enhanced with camera movement and a fact-filled narration, the program attempts to show the viewpoints of both the original inhabitants and the newcomers. The 22-page teacher's guide includes objectives, pre- and postviewing lessons, reproducible activity sheets, the script, and suggestions for further reading. Grades 5– 12. Color. 30 minutes. Knowledge Unlimited. ©1996. DVD ED181DV-WEB 18.) AMERICAN HISTORY ACTIVITIES: Hands-on History Eight simulations include lesson plans, assessment tools, and extensive reproducibles (scripts, character profiles, data sheets, task assignments, templates, decision cards, maps, game pieces, and wrap-up questions). Activities are standards-based and designed for completion within 2–4 class periods. Topics: life in Jamestown, patriots and Redcoats at war, Jefferson runs for president, Tecumseh resists new settlers, battle of Fayetteville (Civil War), pushing west on the Oregon Trail, immigrants and industrialists, and the civil rights movement. Grades 4–8. Appendix. Illustrated. 8" x 11". Shell. 192 pages. © ) AMERICAN HISTORY ACTIVITIES: Hands-on History Eight simulations include lesson plans, assessment tools, and extensive reproducibles (scripts, character profiles, data sheets, task assignments, templates, decision cards, maps, game pieces, and wrap-up questions). Activities are standards-based and designed for completion within 2–4 class periods. Topics: life in Jamestown, patriots and Redcoats at war, Jefferson runs for president, Tecumseh resists new settlers, battle of Fayetteville (Civil War), pushing west on the Oregon Trail, immigrants and industrialists, and the civil rights movement. Grades 4–8. Appendix. Illustrated. 8" x 11". Shell. 192 pages. ©2005. Reproducible activity book TCM316-WEB

32 Resources ) AMERICAN HISTORY BY ERA From precolonial times up to the 21st century, this unique series brings together a carefully chosen selection of primary and secondary sources that chronicle the major social, political, cultural, and technological developments from ten different eras in U.S. history. Each volume presents 40 to 50 articles—some by prominent historians or journalists, some pulled directly from the time period under examination. An introductory essay that provides an overview of the period begins each volume; a brief introduction then precedes each article, summarizing content and placing the article in proper historical context. Grades 9–12. Indexes. Chronologies. Bibliographies. Illustrated. Greenhaven. 210–330 pages each. © ) AMERICAN HISTORY BY ERA From precolonial times up to the 21st century, this unique series brings together a carefully chosen selection of primary and secondary sources that chronicle the major social, political, cultural, and technological developments from ten different eras in U.S. history. Each volume presents 40 to 50 articles—some by prominent historians or journalists, some pulled directly from the time period under examination. An introductory essay that provides an overview of the period begins each volume; a brief introduction then precedes each article, summarizing content and placing the article in proper historical context. Grades 9–12. Indexes. Chronologies. Bibliographies. Illustrated. Greenhaven. 210–330 pages each. ©2003. ANTEBELLUM AMERICA: 1784–1850 ANTEBELLUM AMERICA: 1784–1850 Book GP604-WEB THE CIVIL WAR: 1850–1895 THE CIVIL WAR: 1850–1895 Book GP605-WEB


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