Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 The Road to Secession and the Seeds of War"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 5 The Road to Secession and the Seeds of War #3 Sectionalism and Slavery
2Essential Question:How did the issue of slavery contribute to sectionalism in the late antebellum era?Warm-Up Question:Use the scale visual on the next slide & your knowledge of the antebellum era to identity events that contributed to nationalism & events that led to sectionalism
3Nationalism vs. Sectionalism in the Antebellum Era: 1800—1860
4Weights for Nationalism (1800-1860) Louisiana Purchase“Victory” in the War of 1812Monroe’s Presidency: Era of Good FeelingsAmerican SystemRoads, Canals, RailroadsMarket RevolutionMarshall’s Supreme Court decisionsMonroe DoctrineIndian RemovalManifest DestinyUse these cards for the warm-up activity today
5Weights for Sectionalism (1800-1850) Missouri Statehood: Compromise of 1820Tariffs, Nullification, States’ RightsSlavery spreading into the WestGrowth of AbolitionismEconomic differences b/w the North & SouthUse these cards for the warm-up activity today
6Weights for Sectionalism (1850-1860) California Statehood: Compromise of 1850Wilmot Proviso in the SouthwestKansas-Nebraska Act Popular SovereigntyFormation of the Republican PartyDred Scott CaseStowe’s Uncle Tom’s CabinLincoln-Douglas Debates, 1858John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s FerryLincoln’s election in 1860South Carolina Secession, 1860SAVE these cards for a review of sectionalism/nationalism as we move towards We can add these events as we get to them for a closure one day.
7Abolition & Sectionalism In the 1830s, a number of social reforms emerged that tried to fix problems in America:Temperance (end alcohol abuse)Horace Mann & education reformSeneca Falls (women’s rights)Abolitionism (Garrison & Douglass)By the 1840s, abolitionism became the most significant reform & added to sectional tension in North & SouthWhat were the specific arguments regarding slavery made by Southern planters & Northern abolitionists?
8Indentifying Multiple Perspectives on Slavery Activity In pairs, examine each place-card & complete the following tasks on the matrix provided:Identify 3 details of the person’s view for or against slaveryIndentify what actions the person took in support of their viewpointHistory Alive! 8-5, Activity 1.3
9Views on Slavery: Answer Key John Calhoun:Supporter of slavery; “positive good” theoryStates, not the national gov’t, should decide if slavery should existSouthern “way of life”States should defy anti-slavery laws
10Views on Slavery: Answer Key Frederick DouglassAbolitionist, former slave“Slavery is wicked, a sin, violates liberty”Helped runaway slavesPublished North StarAdvised President Lincoln
11Views on Slavery: Answer Key William Lloyd GarrisonMost famous abolitionistPublished The Liberator & formed American Anti-Slavery SocietyImmediate end to slaveryBurned Constitution; Argued for Northern secession
12Views on Slavery: Answer Key Grimke Sisters:Southern women who moved North to become abolitionistsSlavery is morally wrongFirst women to speak to audiences with men (unladylike)Threatened with jail if ever returned to South
13Views on Slavery: Answer Key Hinton Helper:White southerner who opposed slaveryWrote Impending CrisisSlavery is bad because it kept most whites poor & hurt the SouthRacist against blacks; argued for segregation
14Views on Slavery: Answer Key George Fitzhugh:Southern aristocrat who supported slaverySlaves are “inferior”Slavery is better than Northern/British cruelty towards factory workersSlavers were “better off” in America than Africa