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WHAT IS “THE STATE” The “state” is the dominant political unit in our world today Def: A body of people living in a defined territory and organized under.

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Presentation on theme: "WHAT IS “THE STATE” The “state” is the dominant political unit in our world today Def: A body of people living in a defined territory and organized under."— Presentation transcript:

1 WHAT IS “THE STATE” The “state” is the dominant political unit in our world today Def: A body of people living in a defined territory and organized under a government, who has the power to make public policy

2 WHAT IS “PUBLIC POLICY”? Public policy is (1) all the goals a government sets and (2) all the actions a government takes to meet the needs of its citizens

3 The Massacre of European Protestants during the Reformation, 1500’s

4 Serial Killer Jeffrey Dahmer at his trial in 1991

5 Highway construction in New York State, cir. 2004

6 A couple surveying the destruction of their neighborhood following Hurricane Katrina, 2005

7 The terror attacks on the World Trade Center, 2001

8 WHAT ARE THE ELEMENTS OF A STATE? States typically are defined by four (4) basic elements: 1. Population 2. Territory 3. Sovereignty 4. Government

9 WHAT IS “POPULATION”? States need to have citizens in order to participate & follow its public policy Populations can be: Homogeneous - Citizens share common customs, language, and culture Heterogeneous - Citizens lack common customs language, and culture

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11 WHAT IS “TERRITORY”? States need defined and recognized borders Borders help to mark areas of ownership, citizenship, and state control when dealing with other peoples or states

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13 WHAT IS “SOVEREIGNTY”? States need supreme and absolute power within its own territory If a state lacks sovereignty, it can not make or execute effective public policy

14 WHAT IS “GOVERNMENT”? States need government to help make and enforce public policy Without government, the lives of citizens would be “a war of every man”

15 What are some of the major theories about how government started? There are four (4) major theories about how government got started: 1. The Force Theory 2. The Evolution Theory 3. The Divine Right Theory 4. The Social Contract Theory

16 What are the major theories about how government was started? The Force Theory States were created by powerful leaders who forced people to accept their sovereignty Historical Examples: The Romans Nazi Germany Soviet Union

17 What are the major theories about how government was started? The Evolution Theory States grew out of family groups and placed sovereignty in the hands of the oldest and wisest Historical Examples: Native American tribes Brazilian tribal societies

18 What are the major theories about how government was started? The Divine Right Theory God created the state and gave those of royal birth sovereignty over the state Historical Examples: The royal families of Europe Chinese emperor Aztec / Incan Societies

19 What are the major theories about how government was started? The Social Contract Theory The idea that citizens agreed to give up some of their freedoms so that the state could better serve their needs Historical Examples: The United States Modern democracies

20 How have states used these theories to create working governments? States have taken all of these theories into consideration when creating working governments No two have been alike and all are different


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