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7 Principles of the Constitution Principle – a basic truth or law One principle of education is that all kids can learn ! People live according to their.

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Presentation on theme: "7 Principles of the Constitution Principle – a basic truth or law One principle of education is that all kids can learn ! People live according to their."— Presentation transcript:

1 7 Principles of the Constitution Principle – a basic truth or law One principle of education is that all kids can learn ! People live according to their principles… the laws of their life: like honesty, hard work, faith, or love.

2 7 principles memory hint Popular Popular Republicans Republicans Fedex Fedex Separate Separate Checks Checks Limiting Limiting Investment Investment Popular Sovereignty Popular Sovereignty Republicanism Republicanism Federalism Federalism Separation of Powers Separation of Powers Checks and Balances Checks and Balances Limited Government Limited Government Individual Rights Individual Rights

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4 Popular Sovereignty Popular = people Popular = people Sovereignty = rule Sovereignty = rule The people rule by voting in elections The people rule by voting in elections “We, the people” of the United States” 1. 2.

5 Popular Sovereignty 3.

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7 Republicanism Republic – government in which people elect representatives to make laws for them 685,000 Voters elect A representative To make laws For them Congressman Gene Green Votes on Bills (proposed Laws) 29 th Congressional District 4. 5A

8 Republicanism Citizens of Texas Elect 2 senators To make laws for them Sen. Hutchinson Sen. Cornyn Senators Make Laws For Texas Citizens 5B 5C

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10 Federalism Federalism – the sharing of government power between the central (national) government and the states’ governments Central government 6A 6B 6D State Governments

11 Federalism Washington D.C. Austin, Tx Responsible for National stuff Responsible for State stuff 6C 6E

12 Federalism Federal Powers State Powers Shared Powers 6F 6H 6G

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14 Separation of Powers National powers are divided up between three branches so no one branch has too much power Executive Powers 7B Legislative Powers 7C Judicial Powers 7D Congress 7F President 7E Supreme Court 7G 7A 7B 7C 7D 7E 7F 7G

15 Charles Montesquieu French noble who wrote “The Spirit of the Laws” French noble who wrote “The Spirit of the Laws” Urged government to “separate into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. Urged government to “separate into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. This would allow each branch to “check and balance” each other ! This would allow each branch to “check and balance” each other !

16 Separation of powers 7H 7I 7J

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18 Checks & Balances Each branch of government can use powers to limit the powers of the other branches Each branch of government can use powers to limit the powers of the other branches 8A

19 Checks & Balances Check – to stop or limit another Check – to stop or limit another In soccer one player checks another by stealing the ball In soccer one player checks another by stealing the ball In football one player checks another by blocking or tackling the other player In football one player checks another by blocking or tackling the other player In hockey one player hits another player to get control of the hockey puck In hockey one player hits another player to get control of the hockey puck

20 Checks & Balances Balance – equal, even, fair, in the center Balance – equal, even, fair, in the center An athlete must have balance or they will fall An athlete must have balance or they will fall The states and central government have a balance of power. The states and central government have a balance of power.

21 Checks & Balances Congress can pass a bill but the President can VETO the bill and it doesn’t become a law 8B

22 Checks & Balances 2/3’s of House and Senate Override the VETO 8C

23 Checks & Balances Supreme Court declares laws that segregate Students by race as UNCONSTITUTIONAL or Against the Constitution and illegal: Judicial branch checks legislative branch Schools for White Kids Schools for Nonwhite Kids Schools for all kids 8D

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25 Limited Government Everyone must obey the constitution Even the government leaders must obey the laws The law applies to all 9A 9B 9C

26 Limited Government Rod Blagojevich, Illinois Governor Was impeached And removed from Office for trying to Sell a senatorship South Carolina Governor Sanford is being Impeached for Spending govt. money On personal trips 9D

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28 Individual Rights Every citizen of the United States has unalienable rights ( can’t be taken away without a trial) The Bill of Rights is document that Guarantees our rights 10A 10B

29 Individual Rights Added to compromise With the Antifederalists C

30 Individual Rights 10 D -H

31 Individual Rights Press ReligionAssembly Speech Petition RAPPSRAPPS

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