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7 Principles of the Constitution
Article VI defines the Constitution as the “supreme law of the land”ALL laws in the U.S. must follow the Constitution, and federal law overrides state law
Who gives the government its power?popular sovereignty – government in which the people rule Preamble starts with “We the People …”
What do these pictures have in common?
Republicanism Republic – government by elected officialsRepublicanism – the people elect their representatives to make laws and decisions
Who represents the people?city council state legislature … and many other elected bodies and individuals U.S. Congress
How is abuse of power prevented?Limited government – requires that all government leaders (even the president!) have to obey the law Keeps government from having total control of its citizens
Separation of Powers
How is power divided? the Constitution created three branches of government Each branch has separate powers
How is power divided? Article ILegislative branch (Congress = House of Representatives + Senate)) function – makes the laws Serve constituents (voters)
How is power divided? Article II Executive branch (president)function – enforces the laws (agencies) Serves the country
How is power divided? Article III Judicial branch (Supreme Court)function – interprets the laws – decides if they are constitutional Serves the Constitution
Checks & Balances
How is power evenly distributed?checks and balances – each branch of the government can check, or control, the other branches helps the branches work together fairly
Example of checks and balances:The president (executive branch) nominates Supreme Court justices (judicial branch) BUT the Senate (legislative branch) has to confirm the nomination
How is power shared? federalism – national, state and local levels of government Each level has different responsibilities but works together with the others
How is power shared? Ex. – law enforcement National Local - State -
How are personal freedoms protected?The government works to protect the rights of its citizens Bill of Rights – first 10 amendments to the Constitution list citizens’ rights
Five Fundamental Principles Chapter 3 Section 4. Popular Sovereignty Supreme power belongs to the people We the people… Examples: Electing the President.
Six Basic Principles of the U.S. Constitution
Principles of the Constitution
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Separation of Powers Checks and Balances
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Vocabulary Day One Articles of Confederation- Create a “firm league of friendship” in which each state kept its freedom and independence. Republic- A country.
7 Basic Principles of the Constitution. 1. Popular Sovereignty All Power is held by the People The power to govern is given through the Constitution (Social.
7 Principles of the Constitution
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