Presentation on theme: "Basic Principles of the United States Constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1Basic Principles of the United States Constitution Goal 2.01
2Popular Sovereignty Popular = people Sovereignty = right, or power to rulePopular sovereignty =People should have the right and the power to rule themselves
3How was popular sovereignty portrayed by... English citizens?Magna CartaGlorious RevolutionParliament made up of representatives that the people electedGrowth of democratic governmentAmerican colonists?Creation of colonial governmentsTown meetingsDeclaration of IndependenceFramers of the Constitution?“We the People…”Gov’t must always reflect the will of the peopleWill of people expressed through elections
4Limited Government Power of the government should be limited Our government may only do what the people give it the power to doPower denied to government in Constitution and the Bill of RightsRule of law =The law applies to everyone, even those who govern
5Federalism National government and state governments share power. ENUMERATED POWERSPowers that the Constitution gives to the national government onlyRESERVED POWERSPowers that the Constitution gives to the statesCONCURRENT POWERSPowers that the national and state governments
6What happens if there is a conflict between federal and state authority? Supremacy clause:The Constitution and the laws of the national government are the “supreme law of the land”.
7Full Faith and Credit Clause States must recognize the laws, records, and judicial decisions of other states
8Separation of PowersFramers wanted to make sure that no 1 person or group of people gained too much power.Montesquieu gave the idea to clearly separate the 3 branches of government:- Legislative, Executive, JudicialSystem of checks and balances makes sure that no one branch would gain too much power.
10Why is the Constitution called a “living” document?
11Any change to the Constitution AmendmentAny change to the Constitution
12Amendment Process Proposal: Ratification: - By a 2/3 vote in Congress - Or by a national conventionRatification:- By ¾ of the states by a vote in each legislatures- Or by calling special state conventions
13Necessary and proper clause: Expressed powers:Powers specifically listed in the ConstitutionImplied powers:Congressional powers not stated specifically in the Constitution but suggested by the Constitution’s necessary and proper clauseNecessary and proper clause:Congress has the power “to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper” to carry out its duties.
14Interpreting the Constitution Loose interpretation:Congress should be allowed to make any laws not forbidden by the Constitution.Strict interpretation:Congress should only be able to make the kinds of laws that the Constitution mentions.