Presentation on theme: "Six Basic Principles of the U.S. Constitution Basic stuff you need to know about the Constitution."— Presentation transcript:
Six Basic Principles of the U.S. Constitution Basic stuff you need to know about the Constitution.
Popular Sovereignty n Power belongs to the people n The people decide who they want to be in power and those people can change.
Popular Sovereignty n Our Constitution has many amendments that help protect our popular sovereignty n 15th amendment - African Americans n 17th amendment - Senators elected directly n 19th amendment - Voting rights for women n 24th amendment - Outlawed Poll Tax n 26th amendment - Voting age lowered to 18
Think, Pair, Share n What is popular sovereignty? n How do people in a democracy delegate their authority?
Limited Government n Constitution limits government n No one is “above the law”
Think, Pair, Share n Why are the constitutional guarantees of personal freedom in the Bill of Rights an example of limited government?
Separation of Powers n Separation of powers between the branches n Legislative - makes the laws n Executive - enforces the laws n Judicial - interprets the laws
Separation of Powers n Each branch has a different constituency – Legislative n Representatives - Congressional district n Senator - State – Executive - entire nation – Judicial - Constitution
Separation of Powers n Each branch has different lengths of terms – Legislative n Representative - 2 years n Senate - 6 years (1/3 elected every 2 years) – Executive - 4 years – Judicial – life
Think, Pair, Share n What are the three branches of government? n Why are there three branches of government?
Checks and Balances n Each branch has powers to limit the other branches n To ensure one branch does not have all of the power.
Think, Pair, Share n Explain the system of checks and balances. n How is the system of checks and balances related to the principle of separation of powers?
Judicial Review n Supremacy clause – the Constitution is the “Supreme Law of the Land” n Supreme court has the right to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional.
Think, Pair, Share n How does the principle of judicial review tie in with the principle of checks and balances?
Federalism n Some powers are delegated to the national government while some powers are reserved for the states n States have their own laws, courts, constitutions and elected officials
Think, Pair, Share n How does federalism provide for a dual system of government? n How does the process by which the constitution can be amended reflect the federal system of government?
Six Basic Principles of the U.S. Government n Popular Sovereignty n Limited Government n Separation of Powers n Checks & Balances n Judicial Review n Federalism