Presentation on theme: "Six Basic Principles of the U.S. Constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1 Six Basic Principles of the U.S. Constitution Basic stuff you need to know about the Constitution.
2 Popular Sovereignty Power belongs to the people The people decide who they want to be in power and those people can change.
3 Popular SovereigntyOur Constitution has many amendments that help protect our popular sovereignty15th amendment - African Americans17th amendment - Senators elected directly19th amendment - Voting rights for women24th amendment - Outlawed Poll Tax26th amendment - Voting age lowered to 18
4 Think, Pair, Share What is popular sovereignty? How do people in a democracy delegate their authority?
5 Limited Government Constitution limits government No one is “above the law”
6 Think, Pair, ShareWhy are the constitutional guarantees of personal freedom in the Bill of Rights an example of limited government?
7 Separation of Powers Separation of powers between the branches Legislative - makes the lawsExecutive - enforces the lawsJudicial - interprets the laws
8 Separation of Powers Each branch has a different constituency LegislativeRepresentatives - Congressional districtSenator - StateExecutive - entire nationJudicial - Constitution
9 Separation of Powers Each branch has different lengths of terms LegislativeRepresentative - 2 yearsSenate - 6 years (1/3 elected every 2 years)Executive - 4 yearsJudicial – life
10 Think, Pair, Share What are the three branches of government? Why are there three branches of government?
11 Checks and Balances Each branch has powers to limit the other branches To ensure one branch does not have all of the power.
12 Think, Pair, Share Explain the system of checks and balances. How is the system of checks and balances related to the principle of separation of powers?
13 Judicial Review Supremacy clause the Constitution is the “Supreme Law of the Land”Supreme court has the right to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional.
14 Think, Pair, ShareHow does the principle of judicial review tie in with the principle of checks and balances?
15 FederalismSome powers are delegated to the national government while some powers are reserved for the statesStates have their own laws, courts, constitutions and elected officials
16 Think, Pair, ShareHow does federalism provide for a dual system of government?How does the process by which the constitution can be amended reflect the federal system of government?
17 Six Basic Principles of the U.S. Government Popular SovereigntyLimited GovernmentSeparation of PowersChecks & BalancesJudicial ReviewFederalism