4CONTEXT CREATION OBJECTIVE 15 MEMBER STATES 28 May, 1975 in Lagos, Nigeria, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)OBJECTIVECo-operation and integration to support growth in regional trade and free movement, leading to establishment of an Economic Union in West Africa15 MEMBER STATESBenin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Côte d’Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone & TogoGENERAL DATA328 Million inhabitants5,1 Million Km2 surface areaGDP 534 Billion USDMineral Resources (Petrol, Gas, Gold, Uranium, Phosphate,...) & Agriculture Resources(Cocoa, Coffee, Sugar, Cotton, Rubber, Wood...)AIR TRANSPORT DATA60 Airports ranging from 2400m to 3500m: Abidjan, Abuja, Accra, Bamako, Banjul, Bissau, Conakry, Cotonou, Dakar, Lagos, Lome, Kano, Ouagadougou, Niamey, Praia, Sal, Yamoussoukro…..15 Regional Airlines: Arik Air, ASKY Airlines, Air Burkina, TACV, Senegal Airlines, Air Cote d’Ivoire, AeroContractors, FLY540, Gambia Bird, AWA200 Aircraft, 1500 Pilots, 19 Maintenance facilities
5IMPORTANCE OF AIR TRANSPORT AIR TRANSPORT DEVELOPMENT will enable ECOWAS member States to:Improve operation of their huge mineral and agricultural resourcesExport by air freight of flowers, fruits, vegetables, seafood and meat productsFace specific needs of land-locked countries (Burkina, Mali, Niger) or island (Cape Verde)Alleviate negative effect of famine and epidemics through rapid conveyance of foodstuff and medicine, thereby making a concrete contribution to poverty reduction and health care (Ebola Virus )VIABILITY OF AIR TRANSPORT INDUSTRYRevitalise of air transport sector in West AfricaOptimise utilisation of airport and air navigation systemCatalyst of job creation for youth and womenCONTRIBUTION TO ECOWAS INTEGRATIONBoosting of Economic growth and Political integration within ECOWAS spaceConsolidate international relations and trade with partners through Air Carrier operations.
6VISION AND MISSION MISSION ECOWAS REVISED TREATY 1993 Article 32-f “Encourage co-operation in flight-scheduling, leasing of aircraft and granting and joint use of fifth freedom rights to airlines of the region”VISION 2020“To develop a sound and seamless regional air transport system with safe, reliable, efficient and affordable air services, well connected within West Africa and integrated with the global network”MISSIONECOWAS member States entrusted the Commission to assist them in order to coordinate, harmonize and implement community air transport projects, programmes and policies.
7AIR TRANSPORT POLICY Chicago Convention (December 7 1944) ECOWAS Commission is assisting member States in coordinating and harmonizing their air transport policies coming from:Chicago Convention (December )Develop Civil Aviation in a safe and orderly mannerEnsure equality of opportunity and operate soundly and economicallyICAO SARPs and International Air Law InstrumentsYamoussoukro Declaration (October )Cooperation between African States against protectionismIntegration od African airlines: joint ventures, mergesPooling: feet, maintenance, CRS, tariffs, spare parts, trainingYamoussoukro Decision (November )Liberalization of access to air transport markets in AfricaFree exercise of traffic rights, free tariff fixing, no limitation of capacity or frequencies, multiple designation of eligible airlinesCompliance with ICAO SARPs: Aviation Security & SafetyNEPAD, PIDA PROGRAMSupport the Yamoussoukro Decision in order to establish safe, efficient, and risk-free airspace and airports in AfricaPublic/Private partnership for infrastructure projects to achieve good results
82013 WEST AFRICAN AVIATION MARKET INTER-CONTINENTAL: the most lucrative market, dominated by foreign carriers (42% of total market of roughly 8 to 10 million passengers annually)INTRA-AFRICA: (22%= 4-5 million PAX) market dominated by South African, Ethiopian and Kenya AirwaysDOMESTIC: small market, except for Nigeria (around 10 million domestic passengers per year).Market shares (seats) of ECOWAS-registered airlines on intra-ECOWAS flights without domestic Nigerian market, JanSource: SRSAnalyser
92013 ECOWAS AIR TRANSPORT MARKET YEAR 2013PAXmCARGOTonAIRCRAFTPOPULATIONSURFACEKm2GDPBillionsBENIN476,7047,61612,3099,900,000112,7608.30BURKINA FASO523,3557,0119,93617,800,000273,60012.2CAPE VERDE1,957,7473,061.528,7020,530,0004,0301.9COTE D’IVOIRE1,152,88717,54818,19522,400,000318,00028.2GAMBIA348,2481,387.35,2981,880,00010,1200.90GHANA2,447,98923,43743,68825,200,000227,54044.2GUINEA331,5583,9678,59611,180,000245,7206.3GUINEA BISSAU121,0004001,1001,660,00028,1200,9LIBERIA193,1758,621.43,4563,990,00096,320MALI572,10510,04710,29615,970,0001,220,19011.1NIGER203,4873,201701616,900,0001,266,7007.4NIGERIA14,853,248246,238.8245,398175,000,000910,770286.5SENEGAL1,883,80625,19822,95513,300,000192,53015.1SIERRA LEONE227,6494,693.730035,600,00071,6204.8TOGO538,6974,00410,2287,150,00054,3904.4TOTAL25,831,655366,432430,176328,460,0005,032,410434WORLWIDE3,100,000,00044,000,000N/A7,000,000,000148,326,00074,900AFRICA163,000, (4,!%)2,000,0001,100,000,00030,221,5322,600,ECOWAS share16%18%30%17%
11CHALLENGES (1) POLITICAL ECONOMIC, SOCIAL HIGH OPERATING COST Political unrest: can result in damaged airport infrastructure, facilities & equipment and undermine the confidence of usersProtectionist attitudes of some States affects granting of air traffic rights contradicting the YD Liberalization and ECOWAS regulationsECONOMIC, SOCIALMarginalisation of West Africa: since collapse of historic airlines (Air Afrique, Nigeria Airways, Ghana Airways,...) constraints to set up a competitive and profitable air carrierInsufficient connectivity between capital city of ECOWAS member StatesPoor cooperation between ECOWAS Air carriers: flight schedules, interline agreements, joint venture, alliancesInadequate skilled manpower and capacityHIGH OPERATING COSTHigh operating cost of airlines: aviation taxes and fees, fuel, insurance, maintenance, training of personnelNone of the ECOWAS airlines own of their aircraft. They operate on aircraft leasing scheme: Dry Lease (aircraft without crew but MI) or Wet Lease (ACMI); African airlines face a very high interest rate from aircraft leasing companies : around 35% (2013, World Bank study)Handling of air freightHigh air fare for cargo customers
12INFRATRUCTURE, EQUIPEMENT & FACILITIES CHALLENGES (2)FINANCIALPOOR ACCESS TO FINANCING Difficulties to access financing for airlines (high interest rate around 35%)ECOWAS airlines generally do not have adequate access to necessary resources for investment (loans) to enable them to successfully purchase or lease aircrafts and spare parts;ECOWAS airlines often purchase used aircrafts that are available at low cost on the marketINFRATRUCTURE, EQUIPEMENT & FACILITIESRunway, Taxiway, Parking, Ground handling equipment, storage facilitiesAir traffic control: ILS, VOR, DME, Towers: restructuration efforts in some States:airports in Nigeria, N’Diass airport in Senegal, Ghana, RCI, Togo, Mali, Donsin airport in Burkina Faso, etcPoor cooperation among Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSPsAVIATION SECURITY & SAFETYAged aircraft not well maintainedCertification of aerodromesHigh level accident rate in AfricaDeficiencies on Aviation Security and Safety identified in member States by ICAO Audits apart from some success story such as renewal of FAA Cat A1 for Nigeria
14AIR TRANSPORT FLAG SHIP PROJECTS STRONG COMMITMENT OF ECOWAS MEMBER STATESAIR TRANSPORT CHAMPIONSHIP: The Forty-Third (43rd )Ordinary Session of the Authority of Heads of State and Government, held in Abuja, Nigeria, on July 2013, decided to:Entrust coordination and driving role of transport infrastructure sector, notably air transport, to H.E. Alassane Ouattara, President of the Republic of Cote d’Ivoire;Encourage pursuit of air transport liberalization measures, and urge Member States to ensure their effective implementation;Direct ECOWAS Commission to take all necessary steps to build institutional capacities for the attainment of this objective.1st Meeting of the Air Transport Committee, held in Banjul, The Gambia, from October, 2013, approved a Air Transport Action Plan including integration based projectsCRITERIA OF SELECTION: readiness for implementation; number of countries involved; project cost effectiveness & implementation time frame.AIR TRANSPORT LIBERALIZATIONREGIONAL AIRCRAFT LEASING COMPANYREGIONAL AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE FACILITYCOORDINATION OF AIR NAVIGATION SERVICE PROVIDERSECOWAS POLICY ON AERONAUTICAL CHARGESDEVELOPMENT OF AIRPORT INFRASTRUCTURE, EQUIPMENT & FACILITIESREGIONAL AIR TRANSPORT DATA BASEPROMOTE AVIATION TRAINING CENTERSAVIATION SAFETY AND SECURITY
15ECOWAS AIR TRANSPORT LIBERALIZATION The community legal framework of ECOWAS Air Transport was adopted on 17 February, 2012, by the following 9 Supplementary Acts:SUPPLEMENTARY ACT A/SP.3/02/12 RELATING TO THE COMMON RULES ON LIBERALIZATION OF MARKET ACCESS TO GROUND HANDLING SERVICES IN AIRPORTS OF ECOWAS MEMBER STATESSUPPLEMENTARY ACT A/SA/SP.4/02/12 RELATING TO THE COMMON RULES DETERMINING SLOT ALLOCATION AT AIRPORTS IN ECOWAS MEMBER STATESSUPPLEMENTARY ACT A/SP.10/02/12 RELATING TO THE COMMON RULES ON THE APPROVAL OF AIR CARRIERS OF ECOWAS MEMBER STATESSUPPLEMENTARY ACT A/SP.8/02/12 RELATING TO THE COMMON RULES ON THE CONDITIONS OF ACCESS TO AIR TRANSPORT MARKETS IN ECOWAS MEMBER STATESSUPPLEMENTARY ACT A/SP.6/02/12 RELATING TO THE COMMON RULES ON TARIFFS APPLICABLE TO PASSENGERS, FREIGHT AND MAIL FOR AIR TRANSPORT WITHIN, FROM AND TO ECOWAS MEMBER STATESSUPPLEMENTARY ACT A/SP.5/02/12 RELATING TO THE COMMON RULES ON AIR CARRIER LIABILITY IN CASE OF ACCIDENT IN ECOWAS MEMBER STATESSUPPLEMENTARY ACT A/SP.7/02/12 RELATING TO THE COMMON RULES ON COMPENSATION TO PASSENGERS IN THE EVENT OF DENIED BOARDING, CANCELLATION OR MAJOR DELAY OF FLIGHTS IN ECOWAS MEMBER STATESSUPPLEMENTARY ACT A/SP.9/02/12 RELATING TO THE COMMON RULES ON CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF AGREEMENTS, DECISIONS AND CONCERTED PRACTICES RELATING TO RULES OF COMPETITION IN AIR TRANSPORT SERVICES WITHIN ECOWAS MEMBER STATESSUPPLEMENTARY ACT A/SP.11/02/12 RELATING TO COMMON RULES ON AVIATION SECURITY IN ECOWAS MEMBER STATESNEXT STEPS : Publication of the Air Transport Supplementary Acts, Awareness Campaign in ECOWAS member States: especially sensitization seminars and Follow up/Evaluation of Member States’ level of implementation
16REGIONAL AIRCRAFT LEASING COMPANY CONTEXT25,332 aircraft at worldwide in 2013 including 1,273 in Africa and estimated 200 in ECOWAS regionCharacteristics: heterogeneity, used aircraft poorly maintained ,average age is 20 years and some blachlisted by EUOBJECTIVECreate a Joint Venture lessor grouping private sector, banks, donors and development partners to provide services to ECOWAS Air carriers, Government/VIP for leased aircraft acquisition, buying and selling aircraft, including purchase/leaseback, operating leases and financial leases, leasing and rental of engine and parts (rotable and repairable aviation component).STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATIONJune 2014: Validation of draft TORs between ECOWAS and EBID2015: Study and business plan, Validation Workshop and Approval by Transport Ministers, Council of Ministers and the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the ECOWAS .Ratification of Cape Town Convention & Protocol on Mobile Aeronautical Equipment (2001) by all ECOWAS Member States is likely to bring down aircraft financing cost.STAKEHOLDERSEBID, BOAD, AfDB, World Bank, BNDES, BAGASOO, ACSA/UEMOA, Airlines, Manufacturers, other Donors and partners as well as public/private sector.FINANCINGEquity/capital share: to be determined by stakeholdersEXPECTED RESULTSImprovement of ECOWAS’s airlines operating costs and consequently point their businesses towards competitiveness and profitabilityFacilitating airlines access to new and modern fleet which are more safer, fuel efficient, reliable, require limited maintenance resources and also environmentally friendly
17REGIONAL AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE FACILITY CONTEXTAircrat maintenance representes 15 to 25% operating cost of ECOWAS airlinesChecks C and D are conducted in MRO in Europe, Asia or AmericaOBJECTIVEIs meant to contribute towards the viable economic and sustainable development of the airline industry in West Africa by introducing a state of the art Aircraft Maintenance Facility in the region for airline and aircraft operators and by pooling resources within the Community as well as enhance aviation safety in the regionSTATUS OF IMPLEMENTATIONNovember 2012: Pre-Feasibility study on Regional Aircraft Maintenance Facility financed by the AfDBDecember 2012, Abidjan: Validation Workshop of the Report by ECOWAS Air Transport Experts2013: Express of interest of some ECOWAS member States and airlines as well as donors and partners2015: Update business plan and Approval by Transport Ministers, Council of Ministers and the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the ECOWAS .Ratification of Cape Town Convention & Protocol on Mobile Aeronautical Equipment (2001) by all ECOWAS Member States is likely to bring down aircraft financing cost.STAKEHOLDERSEBID, BOAD, AfDB, World Bank, BNDES, BAGASOO, ACSA/UEMOA, Airlines, Manufacturers, other Donors and partners as well as public/private sector.FINANCINGEquity/capital share: to be determined by stakeholdersEXPECTED RESULTSReducing cost and delay that airlines incur in having to send their aircraft to maintenance centers in Europe or America as well as reduce the taxation they have to pay in importing aircraft parts.
18COORDINATION OF AIR NAVIGATION SERVICE PROVIDERS CONTEXT5 Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSPs) in West Africa: ASECNA, NAMA, Roberts FIR, Accra FIR, Cape Verde FIROBJECTIVEPromote cooperation among the ANSPs for a better implementation of the ICAO CNS/ATMSTATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION15-17th June ,2010 in Accra, Ghana: Preparatory meeting attended by NAMA, Accra FIR, ECOWAS and ICAOMay 2011: Drafting a joint ECOWAS/ICAO Concept Note on Coordination of ANSPDecember 2013 in Conakry, Guinea: approval by Roberts FIR29 May, 2014 in Dakar, Senegal: approval by ASECNA, drafting of a Common Regulation on Air Traffic Control in West AfricaSTAKEHOLDERSASECNA, NAMA, Roberts FIR, Accra FIR, Cape Verde FIR , ECOWAS, ICAO, AFCAC, BAGASOO, ACSA/UEMOA, Donors and partners as well as public/private sector.FINANCINGAeronautical chargesOther activities: to be determinedEXPECTED RESULTSA Single West African Sky As with a view to mobilize adequate financial resources to eliminate deficiencies in air navigation services within the AFI RegionTraining for ANSP staff to maintain and use equipmentCertification of ANSPs in ECOWAS region
19ECOWAS POLICY ON AERONAUTICAL CHARGES CONTEXTConstantly aviation charges increasing in number and in amounts (Airport charges, Route air navigation charges, Landing/take-off fees, parking hangar fees, Pax service charges, aviation safety/security, Noise relate charges, Gas-emission, development charges, Fuel charges, etc.)Some are no compliance with ICAO Policy: Doc 8632 Policies on taxation in the Field of international Aviation and Doc 9082 on charges for airports and Air Navigation ServiceOBJECTIVEEstablish a common policy on Airport Charges and Fees in ECOWAS Member States in accordance with ICAO’s principles of a transparent pricing structure and that passengers and other airport users are only charged for the services they receive.STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION2014: Validation of draft TORs2015: Feasibility study and Validation Workshop , Approval by Transport Ministers, Council of Ministers and the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the ECOWAS (especially Headquarters)STAKEHOLDERSECOWAS Commission, ECOWAS Parliament, Member States, AFCAC, ICAO, IATA, AfDB, World Bank, BAGASOO, ACSA/UEMOA, Airlines, Airport Managers and Air Navigation Services Providers (ANSP).FINANCINGECOWAS, Donors and PartnersEXPECTED RESULTSReduction of operating cost of the airlines and air fares for passengers using the IATA Level of Services (LOS) of key functions of airport as East African Community (EAC) has done.Promotion of operations of Low Cost Airlines in ECOWAS region
20DEVELOPMENT OF AIRPORT INFRASTRUCTURE, EQUIPMENT & FACILITIES CONTEXTDeficiencies at the international airport infrastructure, equipment and facilities (including refrigerating cargo warehouses, airfield lightning, airport security fences, Control Towers, Generators as well as status of Instrument Landing System (ILS), VHF Omni Range (VOR), Distance Measuring Equipment (DME), Radars, status of implementation of CNS/ATM, status of security control equipment for issuing of access ID cards, electromagnetic detectors, X-ray walkthrough devices, surveillance camera and handheld metal detectors)OBJECTIVEThis project is meant to remove deficiencies unveiled by the ICAO‘s Safety Oversight Audit reports of the ECOWAS member States.STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION2013 TORs and Express of Interest in the framework of PPDU activities2014 Consultants shortlisted within a Tender relating to a Feasibility studySeptember 2014: Selection of the Consultant2015: Approval by Air Transport Experts, Transport Ministers, Council of Ministers and the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the ECOWAS (especially Supplementary Act)STAKEHOLDERSECOWAS Commission, Member States, ICAO, AfDB, World Bank, BAGASOO, ACSA/UEMOA, Airports, ANSP, other Donors and partners as well as public/private sector.FINANCINGFeasibility study by PPDUValidation Workshop: AfDBEXPECTED RESULTSAssessment of the capacity of ECOWAS regional airports with international links on the airside (runway, taxiways,and apron areas) and landside (terminal facilities).Elaboration of a Master Plan for the development of ECOWAS regional airports
21REGIONAL AIR TRANSPORT DATA BASE CONTEXTAviation data not regularly compiledContradicting aviation data sometimes in the same countryOBJECTIVEis meant to contribute towards regional integration and the modernization of Civil Aviation Administrations and REC’s by introducing up-to-date technology in the collection and dissemination of data on a region wide basis.SCOPE OF WORKNovember 2012: Pre-Feasibility study on Regional Air Transport Data Base financed by the AfDBDecember 2012, Abidjan: Validation Workshop of the Report of the Consultant2013: Express of interest of AfDB, World Bank2015: Update business plan, Approval by Transport Ministers, Council of Ministers and the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the ECOWAS (especially Headquarters)STAKEHOLDERSECOWAS Commission, member States, BAGASOO, ACSA/UEMOA, Airlines, Airports, ANSPs, AfDB, World Bank, other Donors and partners as well as public/private sector.FINANCINGDetailed study for implementation:Stakeholders meetingEXPECTED RESULTSDeveloping an overall picture of the industry and provide useful data for regional planning and development and / or monitoring of progress in the different areas of the sector (Economic, Technical, Operational, and Financial).Facilitating the Design and implementation of a Database/information system/observatory on air transport industry
22AIR TRANSPORT TRAINING CENTER CONTEXTWeakness in capacity building in aviation sectorHigh rate of jobless in youth and womenOBJECTIVEis meant to contribute towards creation, cooperation, sharing of expertise and resources mobilization in view of capacity building in air transport industry and civil aviation.SCOPE OF WORKJuly 2013: Joint Meeting ECOWAS/ UEMOA/World Bank: recommended establishment of center of excellency in ECOWAS region in order to boost training of human resourcesOctober, 2013, in Banjul, The Gambia; adoption of a ECOWAS Air Transport Action Plan including creation of center of excellenceAugust 2013: visit to ASECNA training school (EAMAC) in Niamey, Niger republicMarch 2014: Visit to Nigerian College of Aviation Technology (NCAT) in Zaria, Nigeria2015: Approval by Transport Ministers, Council of Ministers and the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the ECOWASSTAKEHOLDERSECOWAS Commission, member States, BAGASOO, ACSA/UEMOA, Airlines, Airports, ANSPs, AfDB, World Bank, other Donors and partners as well as public/private sector.FINANCINGECOWAS, Donors and PartnersEXPECTED RESULTSProvision and sustainability of aviation training excellence in West AfricaFacilitating human resources development and capacity building in air transport industry
23AVIATION SAFETY AND SECURITY CONTEXTAviation Safety: High rate of air accident in the regionAviation Security: Terrorism threats in the region: AQMI, Boko Haram, etcAVIATION SAFETYTo increase CAA capacity building on aviation safety oversightMonitoring the COSCAP Programme from 2005 to 2012.Establishment of 2 sub-Regional Agencies for Aviation Safety OversightJune 2009: creation of BAGASOO, headquarters in Abuja, NigeriaOctober 2013: creation of ACSA/UEMOAProject of establishment of a Unique Regional Aviation Safety Oversight Organization (E-RSOO) within ECOWAS region: Feasbility study and Validation WorshopAVIATION SECURITYTo protect aircraft and airports against unlawful acts such as hostage taking on board aircraft or aerodromes, hijacking, terrorism attack and illegal use of MANPADSRegional Seminar on Man Portable Air Defence Systems (MANPADS)Jointly organized by ECOWAS and ICAO in Niamey, from August 2013 to create awareness and to mitigate the persistent terrorist threats to civil aviation in West Africa.A Roadmap and an Action Plan to prevent illegal use of MANPADS in ECOWAS region was adopted.STAKEHOLDERSECOWAS Commission, member States, BAGASOO, ACSA/UEMOA, Airlines, Airports, ANSPs, AfDB, World Bank, other Donors and partners as well as public/private sector.EXPECTED RESULTSSafe skies and airport in ECOWAS region
25PARTNERSHIPMember States, ECOWAS bodies, ICAO, IATA, AFCAC, AFRAA, BAGASOO, ACSA/UEMOA, private sector to adhere on a strategy based on Growth Improvement i.e. cooperation and coordinationECOWAS AVIATION MINISTRIESTo support implementation of air transport integration-based projects such as Liberalization of Air Transport Markets, Regional Aircraft Leasing Company, Regional Aircraft Maintenance Facility, Development of Airport Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities, Regional Air Transport Data Base, Single Sky for ECOWAS Air Navigation, Aviation Safety and Security, etc…To convene at national level meetings, workshops, forum such as the present Aviation Executives Business Forum , awareness campaign and sensitization on air transport sector